106th New York State Legislature

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106th New York State Legislature
The facade of the New York State Capitol building in bright daylight
New York State Capitol (2009)

Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1883

President of the State Senate: Lt. Gov. David B. Hill (D)
Temporary President of the State Senate: John C. Jacobs (D)
Speaker of the State Assembly: Alfred C. Chapin (D)
Members: 32 Senators
128 Assemblymen
Senate Majority: Democratic (18-14)
Assembly Majority: Democratic (85-43)

1st: January 2 – May 4, 1883
<105th 107th>

The 106th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 2 to May 4, 1883, during the first year of Grover Cleveland's governorship, in Albany.


Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards,[1] forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. In New York City the Democrats were split into three factions: Tammany Hall, "Irving Hall" and the "County Democrats". The Prohibition Party and the Greenback Party also nominated tickets.


The New York state election, 1882 was held on November 7. Democrats Grover Cleveland and David B. Hill were elected Governor and Lieutenant Governor. The other two statewide elective offices up for election were also carried by the Democrats. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor, was: Democratic 535,000; Republican 342,000; Prohibition 26,000; and Greenback 12,000.


The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 2, 1883; and adjourned on May 4.

Alfred C. Chapin (D) was elected Speaker with 84 votes against 41 for Theodore Roosevelt (R).[2]

On January 11, John C. Jacobs (D) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.

On March 14, the Legislature elected William B. Ruggles (Dem.) as Superintendent of Public Instructions, with 94 votes against 52 for Neil Gilmour (Rep.), to succeed Gilmour for a term of three years.[3]

State Senate[edit]


Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

District Senator Party Notes
1st James W. Covert* Democrat
2nd John J. Kiernan* Democrat
3rd Charles H. Russell* Republican
4th John C. Jacobs* Democrat on January 11, elected President pro tempore
5th John G. Boyd* Democrat
6th Thomas F. Grady* Democrat
7th James Daly* Democrat
8th John W. Browning* Democrat
9th James Fitzgerald* Democrat
10th Joseph Koch* Democrat
11th Frank P. Treanor* Democrat
12th Henry C. Nelson* Democrat
13th James Mackin* Democrat
14th Addison P. Jones* Democrat
15th Homer A. Nelson* Democrat
16th Charles L. MacArthur* Republican
17th Abraham Lansing* Democrat
18th Alexander B. Baucus* Democrat
19th Shepard P. Bowen* Republican
20th Dolphus S. Lynde* Republican
21st Frederick Lansing* Republican
22nd Robert H. Roberts* Democrat
23rd Alexander M. Holmes* Republican
24th Edward B. Thomas* Republican
25th Dennis McCarthy* Republican
26th David H. Evans* Republican
27th Sumner Baldwin* Republican
28th George P. Lord* Republican
29th Edmund L. Pitts* Republican
30th Timothy E. Ellsworth* Republican
31st Robert C. Titus* Democrat
32nd Norman M. Allen* Republican


  • Clerk: John W. Vrooman
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
  • Doorkeeper: Charles F. Brady
  • Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner

State Assembly[edit]


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st Daniel P. Winne[4] Democrat
2nd Warren S. Kelley Democrat
3rd Edward A. Maher Democrat
4th Joseph Delahanty Dem./Labor Reform
Allegany Charles S. Hall Republican
Broome Lewis Chester Bartlett Democrat
Cattaraugus 1st Charles S. Cary Democrat
2nd Elijah R. Schoonmaker* Republican
Cayuga 1st Josiah H. Hamilton Democrat
2nd William Howland Republican
Chautauqua 1st Charles H. Corbett Democrat
2nd Oscar F. Price Republican
Chemung Jeremiah J. O'Connor Democrat
Chenango Silas W. Berry* Republican
Clinton Benjamin D. Clapp* Republican
Columbia Abram L. Schermerhorn* Democrat
Cortland Judson C. Nelson Democrat
Delaware Timothy Sanderson Republican
Dutchess 1st Storm Emans Democrat
2nd Edgar A. Briggs Republican
Erie 1st Cornelius Donohue Democrat
2nd Godfrey Ernst Labor Reform/Rep.
3rd Elias S. Hawley Republican
4th Timothy W. Jackson* Democrat
5th David J. Wilcox Democrat
Essex Nathaniel C. Boynton Republican
Franklin William T. O'Neil* Republican
Fulton and Hamilton Richard Murray Democrat
Genesee Robert W. Nichol Democrat
Greene Frank S. Decker Democrat
Herkimer George W. Smith Democrat
Jefferson 1st Isaac L. Hunt, Jr.* Republican
2nd William M. Thomson Democrat
Kings 1st Michael E. Butler Democrat
2nd Bernard J. Mulholland Republican
3rd Charles J. Henry Democrat
4th Patrick Burns Democrat
5th Thomas J. Sheridan* Ind. Dem. unsuccessfully contested by Michael J. Coffey (D)[5] and [6]
6th Patrick H. McCarren* Democrat
7th George H. Lindsay* Democrat
8th David Lindsay Republican unsuccessfully contested by Robert E. Connelly (D)[7] and [8]
9th Alfred Hodges[9] Republican
10th James Taylor Republican
11th Alfred C. Chapin* Democrat elected Speaker;
on November 6, 1883, elected New York State Comptroller
12th Mortimer C. Earl Democrat
Lewis Friend Hoyt Democrat
Livingston Kidder M. Scott* Republican
Madison George H. Benjamin Republican
Monroe 1st Levi J. DeLand Democrat
2nd David Healy Labor Reform/Dem.
3rd Alexander P. Butts* Democrat
Montgomery James R. Snell Democrat
New York 1st Michael C. Murphy* Irving Hall Dem.
2nd Thomas Maher* Tammany Dem.
3rd Patrick N. Oakley Tammany Dem.
4th Patrick H. Roche Irving Hall Dem.
5th Dominick F. Mullaney Tammany Dem.
6th Timothy J. Campbell County/Irv. H. Dem.
7th Lucas L. Van Allen* Republican
8th George H. Werfelman Republican
9th Frederick B. House Republican
10th George F. Roesch County/Tam. Dem.
11th Walter Howe Republican
12th Emanuel A. Schwarz Tammany Dem.
13th Thales S. Bliss County/Tam. Dem. unsuccessfully contested by Henry L. Sprague (R)[10] and [11]
14th John Murphy County/Tam. Dem.
15th James F. Higgins Democrat
16th Francis B. Spinola Democrat
17th John Quinn County/Tam. Dem.
18th Daniel S. McElroy County Dem.
19th John McManus* Tam./Irv. Hall Dem.
20th James Haggerty* Democrat
21st Theodore Roosevelt* Republican Minority Leader
22nd Jacob F. Miller County/Tam. Dem.
23rd Leroy Bowers Crane* Republican
24th John J. Clarke Tammany Dem.
Niagara 1st Joseph W. Higgins* Democrat
2nd Thomas Vincent Welch* Democrat
Oneida 1st William Townsend Democrat
2nd Clarence E. Williams Democrat
3rd Thomas B. Allanson Democrat
Onondaga 1st James Geddes Republican
2nd Elbert O. Farrar* Republican
3rd John Lighton* Democrat
Ontario Frank Rice Democrat Chairman of Privileges and Elections
Orange 1st J. Chauncey Odell Democrat
2nd Jacob H. Dimmick Democrat
Orleans Henry M. Hard* Republican
Oswego 1st William A. Poucher* Democrat
2nd Byron Helm* Republican
Otsego 1st William Caryl Ely Democrat Chairman of Petitions of Aliens
2nd Hartford D. Nelson Democrat
Putnam James Wilton Brooks Republican
Queens 1st Louis K. Church Democrat
2nd George E. Bulmer Democrat
Rensselaer 1st William V. Cleary Democrat
2nd Richard A. Derrick* Republican unsuccessfully contested by Isaac L. Van Vorst[12] and [13]
3rd Rufus Sweet* Democrat
Richmond Erastus Brooks* Democrat
Rockland William H. Thompson Democrat
St. Lawrence 1st Abel Godard* Republican
2nd Morell D. Beckwith Republican
3rd George Z. Erwin* Republican
Saratoga 1st William B. Consalus Republican
2nd Henry S. Clement Ind. Rep.
Schenectady Christopher O. Hamlin Republican
Schoharie Hadley Snyder Democrat
Schuyler Adrian Tuttle Democrat
Seneca Patrick J. Rogers Democrat
Steuben 1st Orange S. Searl* Democrat
2nd Andrew B. Craig Democrat
Suffolk Edwin Bailey Democrat
Sullivan George B. Childs Democrat
Tioga Myron B. Ferris Democrat
Tompkins John E. Cady Democrat
Ulster 1st Thomas H. Tremper Republican
2nd David M. De Witt Democrat
3rd Thomas E. Benedict* Democrat
Warren Lorenzo R. Locke Republican
Washington 1st Robert Armstrong, Jr.* Republican
2nd George Northup* Democrat
Wayne 1st Oscar Weed* Republican
2nd Leman Hotchkiss Democrat unsuccessfully contested by William E. Greenwood (R);[14][15]
Westchester 1st Edwin R. Keyes* Democrat
2nd Samuel W. Johnson Democrat
3rd John Hoag Democrat
Wyoming Henry N. Page* Republican
Yates Stafford C. Cleveland Republican


  • Clerk: Walter H. Bunn
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: James H. Delaney
  • Doorkeeper: Jabez C. Pierce
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Edward Hinch
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Edward Brodie
  • Stenographer: Spencer C. Rogers


  1. ^ Except New York City where the wards were apportioned into election districts, and then some whole wards and some election districts of other wards were gerrymandered together into Assembly districts.
  2. ^ LEGISLATORS AT WORK in NYT on January 3, 1883
  3. ^ SOME DEMOCRATIC METHODS in the New York Times on March 15, 1883
  4. ^ Daniel P. Winne, son of assemblyman Peter W. Winne (in 1831), and brother of assemblyman Richard Winne (in 1858)
  5. ^ see WHO SHALL HAVE THE SEAT in NYT on February 17, 1883
  6. ^ A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 609f)
  7. ^ see TAMMANY'S NEW SCHEME in NYT on March 30, 1883
  8. ^ A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 614–619)
  9. ^ Alfred Hodges (born 1846), son of assemblyman Andrew B. Hodges (in 1869); great-grandson of Congressman John Hathorn
  10. ^ The majority of seven members (3 Democrats and 4 Republicans) of the Committee on Elections submitted a report in favor of Sprague (R), concluding that a mistake was made while transcribing the returns; a minority of two (both Democrats) submitted a report in favor of Bliss (D). The minority report was adopted on March 8 by a vote of 67 to 52; see SPRAGUE REFUSED A SEAT in NYT on March 9, 1883
  11. ^ A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 606–609)
  12. ^ see IN ASSEMBLY AND SENATE in NYT on March 17, 1883
  13. ^ A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 610ff)
  14. ^ see IN ASSEMBLY AND SENATE in NYT on March 17, 1883
  15. ^ A Compilation of Cases of Contested Elections to Seats in the Assembly of the State of New York (1899; pg. 612ff)