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|1075 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Political entities - State leaders - Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
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- February – Pope Gregory VII holds a council that publishes a decree against lay investiture.
- April – Pope Gregory VII publishes the Dictatus papae (Sayings of the Pope, aka the Dictates of Hildebrand), in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
- Revolt of the Earls: Three earls rebel against William I of England (William the Conqueror), in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman Conquest.
- First Battle of Langensalza: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Saxon nobles and subjugates Saxony.
- The Liao dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripiṭaka is completed (approximate date).
- Anund Gårdske is deposed as king of Svealand, and King Håkan the Red of Götaland proclaims himself king of all Sweden.
- The Seljuq Turks take Jerusalem from the Fatimids.
- Lý dynasty forces under Lý Thường Kiệt defend Vietnam, against invasion by Song Dynasty China.
- The Song Dynasty Chinese polymath scientist and statesman Shen Kuo solves a heated border dispute with the Liao Dynasty, by dredging up old diplomatic records; he refutes Emperor Daozong of Liao's bluffs point for point, during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern Pingquan in Hebei), and reestablishes the Song's rightful borders.
- Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1137)
- Saint Magnus Erlendsson (d. 1116 or 1117)
- Adelaide del Vasto, countess and regent of Sicily (d. 1118)
- Orderic Vitalis, English monk and historian (approximate date)
- June 10 – Ernest, Margrave of Austria (b. 1027)
- August 2 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
- December 4 – Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne
- December 18 – Edith of Wessex, queen of Edward the Confessor of England
- John Xiphilinus, Byzantine historian
- Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Gwynedd
- King Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia