1075

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1075 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1075
MLXXV
Ab urbe condita1828
Armenian calendar524
ԹՎ ՇԻԴ
Assyrian calendar5825
Balinese saka calendar996–997
Bengali calendar482
Berber calendar2025
English Regnal yearWill. 1 – 10 Will. 1
Buddhist calendar1619
Burmese calendar437
Byzantine calendar6583–6584
Chinese calendar甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
3771 or 3711
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
3772 or 3712
Coptic calendar791–792
Discordian calendar2241
Ethiopian calendar1067–1068
Hebrew calendar4835–4836
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1131–1132
 - Shaka Samvat996–997
 - Kali Yuga4175–4176
Holocene calendar11075
Igbo calendar75–76
Iranian calendar453–454
Islamic calendar467–468
Japanese calendarJōhō 2
(承保2年)
Javanese calendar979–980
Julian calendar1075
MLXXV
Korean calendar3408
Minguo calendar837 before ROC
民前837年
Nanakshahi calendar−393
Seleucid era1386/1387 AG
Thai solar calendar1617–1618
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1201 or 820 or 48
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1202 or 821 or 49
Modern artist impression of Shen Kuo

Year 1075 (MLXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Africa[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • The future Emperor Alexios Komnenos captures the Norman rebell Roussel de Bailleul in Amaseia. Roussel had established a principality in eastern Anatolia in 1073 after rebelling against Emperor Michael VII Doukas, basing his power on his western mercenaries and local support in exchange for protection against invading Turkmen.[1]

Europe[edit]

England[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • Summer – Shen Kuo, Chinese polymath scientist and statesman, solves a border dispute with the Liao Dynasty by dredging up old diplomatic records. He refutes Emperor Dao Zong's bluffs point for point during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern-day Pingquan), reestablishing the rightful borders of the Song Dynasty.
  • Vietnamese forces under General Lý Thường Kiệt defend Vietnam against a Chinese invasion.
  • The Liao Dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripiṭaka is completed (approximate date).

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • February – Pope Gregory VII holds a council in the Lateran Palace at Rome. He publishes a decree against laymen investiture (an act which will later cause the Investiture Controversy).
  • April – The Dictatus papae (a compilation of 27 statements of powers) are include in the registry of Gregory VII, in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
  • December 8 – Gregory VII writes a letter of reprimand to Henry IV. He accuses him of breaching his word and continued support of excommunicated councilors.
  • December 25 – Gregory VII is kidnapped in the church during Christmas night in Rome and briefly imprisoned by the Roman nobleman Cencio I Frangipane.


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Daniel Beihammer (2017). Byzantium and the Emergence of Muslim-Turkish Anatolia, Ca. 1040-1130, p. 210-212.
  2. ^ "Orderic Vitalis | Norman history". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  3. ^ "Lothar II (or III) | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 28, 2018.