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|1075 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1828|
|Balinese saka calendar||996–997|
|English Regnal year||9 Will. 1 – 10 Will. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
3771 or 3711
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
3772 or 3712
|- Vikram Samvat||1131–1132|
|- Shaka Samvat||996–997|
|- Kali Yuga||4175–4176|
|Japanese calendar||Jōhō 2|
|Minguo calendar||837 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1386/1387 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1617–1618|
1201 or 820 or 48
— to —
1202 or 821 or 49
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1075.|
- February – Pope Gregory VII holds a council that publishes a decree against lay investiture.
- April – Pope Gregory publishes the Dictatus papae (Sayings of the Pope, aka the Dictates of Hildebrand), in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
- June 9 – First Battle of Langensalza: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Saxon nobles, subjugating Saxony, and immediately tries to reassert his rights as the sovereign of northern Italy.
- December 8 – Pope Gregory VII writes a letter of reprimand to Emperor Henry.
- December 25 – Pope Gregory is carried off from mass and briefly imprisoned by Cencio I Frangipane.
- Revolt of the Earls: Three earls rebel against William I of England (William the Conqueror) in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman Conquest.
- Anund Gårdske is deposed as king of Svealand, and King Håkan the Red of Götaland proclaims himself king of all Sweden.
- Seljuq Turks take Jerusalem from the Fatimids.
- Lý dynasty forces under Lý Thường Kiệt defend Vietnam against invasion by Song dynasty China.
- Song dynasty Chinese polymath scientist and statesman Shen Kuo solves a heated border dispute with the Liao dynasty by dredging up old diplomatic records; he refutes Emperor Daozong of Liao's bluffs point for point during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern-day Pingquan in Hebei) and reestablishes the Song's rightful borders.
- Approximate date – The Liao dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripiṭaka is completed.
- Before June 9 – Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1137)
- Orderic Vitalis, English monk and historian (d. c 1142)
- Approximate date – Adelaide del Vasto, countess and regent of Sicily (d. 1118)
- March 29 – Ottokar I of Styria, German noble
- June 9 – Gebhard of Supplinburg, Saxon count
- June 10 – Ernest, Margrave of Austria (b. 1027)
- August 2 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
- December 4 – Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne
- December 18 – Edith of Wessex, queen of Edward the Confessor of England
- John Xiphilinus, Byzantine historian
- Approximate date – King Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia