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|1076 by topic|
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|Establishments – Disestablishments|
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- January – The German bishops who have been invested by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, withdraw their allegiance from Pope Gregory VII.
- February 14 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
- October 8 – Demetrius Zvonimir is crowned as King of Croatia in Solin (near Split), by a representative of Pope Gregory VII.
- November 1 – In England, a frost begins that lasts until April 1077.
- December 25 – Polish King Bolesław II the Bold (Polish: Bolesław Śmiały) is crowned in Gniezno.
- Anselm of Canterbury completes Monologion.
- The Almoravids capture the Ghanaian capital of Kumbi.
- Count Dirk V reconquers most of West Frisia (historical) from the bishop of Utrecht.
- The Trial of Penenden Heath is thought to have been held, with an important ruling regarding land rights, subsequent to the Norman Conquest of England.
- Dmitar Zvonimir of Croatia donated the town of Vrana and Benedictine monastery of St. Gregory, as a sign of loyalty to Pope Gregory VII.
- Vikramaditya VI deposes his older brother Someshvara II, and becomes king of the Western Chalukya.
- Battle of Như Nguyệt River: Lý Dynasty Vietnamese troops hold back invading Song Dynasty Chinese forces, and a truce is concluded.
- June 1 – Prince Mstislav of Kiev (d. 1132)
- Princess Yasuko, Princess and Empress consort of Japan (d. 1096)
- March 18 – Ermengarde of Anjou, Duchess of Burgundy (b. 1018)
- March 21 – Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)
- May 31 – Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria (b. 1045)
- December 27 – Prince Sviatoslav II of Kiev (b. 1027)
- Beatrice of Lorraine, Tuscan regent (b. 1017)