107th United States Congress

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107th United States Congress
106th ← → 108th
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003

Senate President: Al Gore (D)[1]
until Jan 20, 2001
Dick Cheney (R)[1]
from Jan 20, 2001
Senate Pres. pro tem: Robert Byrd (D)
Strom Thurmond (R) [2]
House Speaker: Dennis Hastert (R)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: January 3, 2001 – December 20, 2001
2nd: January 23, 2002 – November 22, 2002

The One Hundred Seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bush presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-first Census of the United States in 1990. The House of Representatives had a Republican majority, and the Senate switched majorities from Democratic to Republican and back to Democratic. By the end of term, Republicans had regained the majority in the Senate, but since the body was out of session reorganization was delayed till the next Congress.[3]

Contents

Major events[edit]

A rare even split in the United States Senate and the defection of a single Senator led to three changes in majorities. Major security events occurred. The September 11 attacks were highly disruptive. Some Senators were targeted by anthrax attacks. The Congress voted to allow the President to invade Iraq.

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party standings on the opening day of the 107th Congress
  50 Democratic Senators
  50 Republican Senators
Party
(Shading indicates party control)
Total Notes
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Independence (Minn.)
(IMN)
Republican
(R)
Vacant
End of previous Congress 46 0 0 54 100 0 See United States Senate elections, 2000
Begin 50 0 0 50 100 0 Al Gore (D) was Vice President of the United States, with the tie-breaking vote.
January 20, 2001 50 50 Dick Cheney (R) became Vice President of the United States, with the tie-breaking vote.
June 6, 2001 50 1 49 James Jeffords (VT) switched from Republican to Independent and caucused with Democrats.
October 25, 2002 49 99 1 Paul Wellstone (D-MN) died.
November 5, 2002 1 100 0 Dean Barkley (IMN-MN), who didn't caucus with either party, took Wellstone's seat.
November 25, 2002 48 1 50 Jim Talent (R-MO) took Jean Carnahan's (D-MO) seat, but there was no reorganization as Senate was out of session.[3]
November 30, 2002 49 99 1 Phil Gramm (R-TX) resigned.
December 2, 2002 50 100 0 Senator-elect John Cornyn (R-TX) was appointed to complete Gramm's term.
Final voting share 49% 1% 50%
Beginning of the next Congress 48 1 0 51 100 0 See United States Senate elections, 2002

House of Representatives[edit]

  Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total  
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
caucused with
Democrats
caucused with
Republicans
End of previous Congress 210 1 0 222 433 2
 
Begin 211 1 1 221 434 1
January 31, 2001 220 433 2
March 30, 2001 210 432 3
May 15, 2001 221 433 2
May 28, 2001 209 432 3
June 5, 2001 210 433 2
June 19, 2001 222 434 1
August 5, 2001 221 433 2
August 16, 2001 220 432 3
September 6, 2001 219 431 4
October 16, 2001 211 220 433 2
November 20, 2001 221 434 1
December 18, 2001 222 435 0
July 24, 2002 210 434 1
August 1, 2002 0 223
September 9, 2002 209 433 2
September 28, 2002 208 432 3
November 30, 2002 209 433 2
Final voting share 48.5% 51.5%  
 
Beginning of the next Congress 205 1 0 229 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority leadership[edit]

Minority leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

Senators' party membership by state

House of Representatives[edit]

Percentage of House seats held by party
  Democratic 80+ to 100%   Republican 80+ to 100%
  Democratic 60+ to 80%   Republican 60+ to 80%
  Democratic 50+ to 60%   Republican 50+ to 60%
  1 Independent

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Vermont Jim Jeffords (R) Incumbent changed party and joined the Democratic caucus. Jim Jeffords (I) June 6, 2001
Minnesota Paul Wellstone (D) Incumbent died October 25, 2002.
Successor appointed to serve the remaining two months of the term.
Dean Barkley (IMN) November 4, 2002
Missouri Jean Carnahan (D) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term. Jim Talent (R) November 25, 2002
Texas Phil Gramm (R) Incumbent resigned November 30, 2002 to give successor advantageous office space.[4] John Cornyn (R) December 2, 2002
Alaska Frank Murkowski (R) Incumbent resigned on December 2, 2002 to become Governor of Alaska.
Successor appointed to fill the vacancy.
Lisa Murkowski (R) December 20, 2002

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
California 32nd Vacant Incumbent Julian Dixon (D) had died December 8, 2000, before the beginning of this Congress.
A special election was held June 5, 2001.
Diane Watson (D) June 5, 2001
Pennsylvania 9th Bud Shuster (R) Incumbent resigned, effective January 31, 2001.
A special election was held May 15, 2001.
Bill Shuster (R) May 15, 2001
Virginia 4th Norman Sisisky (D) Incumbent died March 30, 2001.
A special election was held June 19, 2001.
J. Randy Forbes (R) June 19, 2001
Massachusetts 9th Joe Moakley (D) Incumbent died May 28, 2001.
A special election was held October 16, 2001.
Stephen F. Lynch (D) October 16, 2001
Arkansas 3rd Asa Hutchinson (R) Incumbent resigned August 5, 2001 to head the Drug Enforcement Administration.
A special election was held November 20, 2001.
John Boozman (R) November 20, 2001
South Carolina 2nd Floyd Spence (R) Incumbent died August 16, 2001.
A special election was held December 18, 2001.
Joe Wilson (R) December 18, 2001
Florida 1st Joe Scarborough (R) Incumbent resigned, effective September 6, 2001.
A special election was held October 16, 2001.
Jeff Miller (R) October 16, 2001
Oklahoma 1st Steve Largent (R) Incumbent resigned, effective February 15, 2002, to concentrate on his campaign for Governor.
A special election was held January 8, 2002.
John Sullivan (R) February 15, 2002
Ohio 17th Jim Traficant (D) Incumbent expelled July 24, 2002 for criminal conviction of 10 counts of bribery, racketeering, and tax evasion. Vacant Not filled for remainder of Congress
Virginia 5th Virgil Goode (I) Incumbent changed party. Virgil Goode (R) August 1, 2002
Ohio 3rd Tony P. Hall (D) Incumbent resigned September 9, 2002 after he was appointed to be the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Vacant Not filled for remainder of Congress
Hawaii 2nd Patsy Mink (D) Incumbent died September 28, 2002 but was elected posthumously on November 5, 2002. Ed Case (D) November 30, 2002

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint appointments[edit]

Employees and legislative agency directors[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Al Gore served until his terms ended at noon on January 20, 2001, when Dick Cheney was sworn in and his term began.
  2. ^ When the Congress began, the Senate was divided 50-50. Because the Vice President's tie-breaking vote would change control from Democrats to Republicans on January 20, the Senate elected Byrd to serve until noon and Thurmond to serve from noon on January 20. Control changed again from June 6, 2001, when Jim Jeffords left the Republican Party and Byrd was once again elected President pro tempore. For details, see party summary > Senate, on this page.
  3. ^ a b Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present, via Senate.gov
  4. ^ senate.gov

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External links[edit]