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|1086 by topic|
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- Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule.
- The Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I, after being destroyed by fire.
- October 23 – Battle of Sagrajas: Alfonso VI of León and Castile is defeated by the Almoravids, who had been called into Spain by Abbad III of Sevilla.
- The Domesday Book is completed in England.
- Syracuse, the last Muslim stronghold in Sicily, is conquered by the Normans.
- May 24 – Pope Victor III succeeds Pope Gregory VII as the 158th pope, though he does not accept election until May 9, 1087.
- April 24 – Ramiro II of Aragon (d. 1157)
- August 11 or 1081 – Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Germany (d. 1125)
- August 20 – Bolesław III Wrymouth, Prince of Poland (d. 1138)
- March 15 – Richilde, Countess of Hainaut, Flemish consort and regent (b. c. 1018)
- March 18 – Anselm of Lucca, Italian bishop (b. 1036)
- May 21 – Wang Anshi, Chinese statesman, economist and poet (b. 1021)
- July 10 – King Canute IV of Denmark (b. 1043)
- September 25 – William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
- October 11 – Sima Guang, Chinese historian and statesman (b. 1019)