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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1094 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1094
Ab urbe condita1847
Armenian calendar543
Assyrian calendar5844
Balinese saka calendar1015–1016
Bengali calendar501
Berber calendar2044
English Regnal yearWill. 2 – 8 Will. 2
Buddhist calendar1638
Burmese calendar456
Byzantine calendar6602–6603
Chinese calendar癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
3790 or 3730
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3791 or 3731
Coptic calendar810–811
Discordian calendar2260
Ethiopian calendar1086–1087
Hebrew calendar4854–4855
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1150–1151
 - Shaka Samvat1015–1016
 - Kali Yuga4194–4195
Holocene calendar11094
Igbo calendar94–95
Iranian calendar472–473
Islamic calendar486–487
Japanese calendarKanji 8 / Kahō 1
Javanese calendar998–999
Julian calendar1094
Korean calendar3427
Minguo calendar818 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−374
Seleucid era1405/1406 AG
Thai solar calendar1636–1637
Tibetan calendar阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1220 or 839 or 67
    — to —
(male Wood-Dog)
1221 or 840 or 68
Portrait of Raymond IV (c. 1041–1105)

Year 1094 (MXCIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Spring – Emperor Alexios I (Komnenos) sends a Byzantine expeditionary force under General Tatikios to Nicaea, in an attempt to re-capture the city from the Seljuk Turks. However, the arrival of Barkiyaruq's army en route stops the Byzantines. Alexios sends reinforcements; short of supplies, the Seljuk Turks retreat. Abu'l-Qasim, Seljuk governor of Nicaea, is defeated and forced to conclude a truce with Alexios.[1]



  • MayDuncan II (son of the late King Malcolm III) invades England at the head of an army of Norman knights from Scotland, aided by his half-brother Edmund. He succeeds his uncle, King Donald III (the Fair), as ruler of Scotland.[3]
  • November 12 – King Donald III mobilizes his army and kills Duncan II in battle in the Lowlands. He re-takes the Scottish throne, Edmund sides with Donald as co-ruler and is named as heir as he has no children.

Seljuk Empire[edit]

  • Sultan Mahmud I dies after a 2-year reign. He is succeeded by his brother Barkiyaruq (one of the Seljuk prince who claim the throne) as ruler of the Seljuk Empire.

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Timothy Venning (2015). A Chronology of the Crusades, p. 24. ISBN 978-1-138-80269-8.
  2. ^ Picard C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  3. ^ Potter, Philip J. (2009). Gothic Kings of Britain: The Lives of 31 Medieval Rulers (1016–1399), pp. 127–128. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-4038-2.