1097

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1097 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1097
MXCVII
Ab urbe condita1850
Armenian calendar546
ԹՎ ՇԽԶ
Assyrian calendar5847
Balinese saka calendar1018–1019
Bengali calendar504
Berber calendar2047
English Regnal year10 Will. 2 – 11 Will. 2
Buddhist calendar1641
Burmese calendar459
Byzantine calendar6605–6606
Chinese calendar丙子(Fire Rat)
3793 or 3733
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
3794 or 3734
Coptic calendar813–814
Discordian calendar2263
Ethiopian calendar1089–1090
Hebrew calendar4857–4858
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1153–1154
 - Shaka Samvat1018–1019
 - Kali Yuga4197–4198
Holocene calendar11097
Igbo calendar97–98
Iranian calendar475–476
Islamic calendar490–491
Japanese calendarEichō 2 / Jōtoku 1
(承徳元年)
Javanese calendar1001–1002
Julian calendar1097
MXCVII
Korean calendar3430
Minguo calendar815 before ROC
民前815年
Nanakshahi calendar−371
Seleucid era1408/1409 AG
Thai solar calendar1639–1640
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1223 or 842 or 70
    — to —
阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
1224 or 843 or 71
Map of Anatolia during the First Crusade.

Year 1097 (MXCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

First Crusade[edit]

  • Spring – The Crusaders under Godfrey of Bouillon attack the Byzantine imperial palace at Blachernae. Norman forces led by Bohemond I join the Crusaders – he is not welcome in Constantinople because his father, Robert Guiscard, has invaded Illyria (territory belonging to the Byzantine Empire), and captured the cities of Dyrrhachium and Corfu (see 1084).
  • May 14Siege of Nicaea: The Crusaders begin their campaign with the siege of Nicaea (the capital of the Sultanate of Rum), assigning their forces to different sections of the walls, which are well-defended with 200 towers. Towards the end of May an advance party of the Seljuk Turks is defeated by troops of Raymond IV (Saint-Gilles) and Robert II.[1]
  • June 19 – The Seljuk Turks surrender Nicaea to the Crusaders after a month siege. The Byzantines occupy the city; their commander Manuel Boutoumites is named by Emperor Alexios I (Komnenos) as doux of Nicaea. In the consternation the Crusaders are not allowed to plunder the city and are forced (again) to pledge their allegiance to Alexios.
  • July 1Battle of Dorylaeum: The Crusaders defeat an Seljuk army led by Kilij Arslan I, ruler of the Sultanate of Rum, who wants revenge for the capture of Nicaea. During the battle many Crusaders are killed but the Seljuk Turks are forced to flee and abandon their tents and treasure after being surprised by the arrival of an second Crusader army.
  • October 21Siege of Antioch: The Crusaders arrive outside the city and begin the siege. They can not impose a complete blockade on Antioch. The Seljuk garrison comes out of the city to harass Crusader siege-lines and intercept supply convoys (supported by a Genoese fleet of 12 galleys) from Saint Symeon and Alexandretta (modern Turkey).[2]
  • December 31 – Battle of Harenc: The Crusaders under the command of Bohemond I and Robert II defeat Seljuk forces from Aleppo, which try to relieve besieged Antioch.[3]

Europe[edit]

England[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

  • October – Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, goes into exile. Conflicts between him and William II result in Anselm leaving England and heading for Rome. William confiscates Anselm's land.

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). The Normans and their adversaries at war. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 92. ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
  2. ^ Rickard, J. "Antioch, crusader siege of, 21 October 1097-3 June 1098". Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  3. ^ Rickard, J. "Battle of Harenc, 9 February 1098". Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  4. ^ Picard C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.