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- The First Crusade proceeds towards Palestine:
- February 9 – The Crusaders defeat Ridwan of Aleppo.
- June 3 – After eight months of the first Siege of Antioch, the Crusaders take the city.
- June 5 – Kerbogha, atabeg of Mosul, leader of the Seljuq Turks, arrives at Antioch, beginning the second siege a few days later.
- June 28 – Battle of Antioch: Kerbogha is defeated by the Crusaders.
- December 12 – After a month's siege, the Crusaders take Ma'arra, and massacre part of the population.
- July 14 – Donation of Altavilla: Bohemond I, the new crusader ruler of Antioch, grants commercial privileges, and the right to use warehouses (fondaco) and the church of Saint John, to the Republic of Genoa. This marks the beginning of Italian merchant settlements in the Levant.
- August – The Fatimids retake Jerusalem from the Turks.
- The Byzantine Empire retakes Smyrna, Ephesus and Sardis.
- June or July – Battle of Anglesey Sound: A fleet led by Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway, reverses an Anglo-Norman invasion of north Wales. Magnus also conquers the Orkney Islands, the Hebrides and the Isle of Man for Norway.
- June 2 - First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city; the second siege began five days later.
- December 12 - Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan
- January 3 – Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester
- July 31 – Hugh of Montgomery, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury
- August 1 – Adhemar of Le Puy, French papal legate
- date unknown – Poppo II, Margrave of Carniola
- probable – Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut
- Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). The Normans and their adversaries at war. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 92. ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
- Rickard, J. "Antioch, crusader siege of, 21 October 1097-3 June 1098". Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Rickard, J. "Battle of the Orontes, 28 June 1098 (First Crusade)". Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 34. ISBN 88-8289-529-7.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 56–58. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.