10 yen coin

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Ten yen
Japan
Value10 Japanese yen
Mass4.5 g
Diameter23.5 mm
Thickness1.5 mm
EdgeReeded (1951-1958)
Smooth (1959-)
Composition95% Cu
3-4% Zn
1-2% Sn[1]
Years of minting1871–present
Catalog number-
Obverse
JuEnDamaByodoinWP.jpg
DesignPhoenix Hall of Byōdō-in
Design date1951
Reverse
JuEnDamaEvergreenTreeWP.jpg
DesignBay laurel leaves
Design date1951

The 10 yen coin (十円硬貨, Jū-en kōka) is one denomination of Japanese yen.

The obverse of the coin depicts the Phoenix Hall of Byōdō-in, a Buddhist temple in Uji, Kyoto prefecture, with the kanji for "Japan" and "Ten Yen." The reverse shows the numerals "10" and the date of issue in kanji surrounded by bay laurel leaves.

History[edit]

10-yen coins issued between 1951 and 1958 have reeded edges, while 10-yen coins issued from 1959 onward do not.

Composition[edit]

Years Material
1871–1910[2][3] 90% gold, 10% copper
1950–1951 Copper-nickel (Not released)
1951–present[1][4] 95% copper, 3.5% zinc, 1.5% tin

Circulation figures[edit]

10 yen coin from 1871 (year 4)
Design 1 - (1871–1880)
10 yen coin from 1897 (year 30)
Design 2 - (1897–1910)

Meiji[edit]

The following are circulation figures for the coins that were minted between the 4th, and the 43rd year of Meiji's reign. Coins for this period all begin with the Japanese symbol 明治 (Meiji). Patterns that include the rare 1870 dated coin are not included here.

  • Inscriptions on Japanese coins from this period are read clockwise from right to left:

"Year" ← "Number representing year of reign" ← "Emperor's name" (Ex: 年 ← 五十三 ← 治明)

Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage
04 4th 1871 1,867,032[2]
09 9th 1876 1,925[3]
10th 1877 36[3]
13th 三十 1880 136[3]
30th 十三 1897 2,422,146[5]
31st 一十三 1898 3,176,134[5]
32nd 二十三 1899 1,743,006[5]
33rd 三十三 1900 1,114,766[5]
34th 四十三 1901 1,654,682[5]
35th 五十三 1902 3,023,940[5]
36th 六十三 1903 2,902,184[5]
37th 七十三 1904 724,548[5]
40th 十四 1907 157,684[5]
41st 一十四 1908 1,160,674[5]
42nd 二十四 1909 2,165,660[5]
43rd 三十四 1910 8,982[5]

Shōwa[edit]

10 yen coin from 1950 (year 25)
Design 1 - (1950–1951) Never Released
10 yen coin from 1951 (year 26)
Design 2 - (1951–1958) Reeded
10 yen coin from 1952 (year 27)showing its reeded edge
10 yen coin from 1959 (year 34)
Design 2 - (1959–present) Smooth

The following are circulation dates which cover Emperor Hirohito's reign. The dates below correspond with the 26th to the 64th year (last) of his reign. All ten yen coins that were made before 1959 have reeded edges, this has since changed to the present day smooth edge. Coins for this period will all begin with the Japanese symbol 昭和 (Shōwa).

  • Japanese coins are read with a left to right format:
"Emperors name" → "Number representing year of reign" → "Year" (Ex: 昭和 → 三十四 → 年).
Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage (thousands)[6]
25th 二十五 1950 (Copper/nickel) 00 Not released
26th 二十六 1951 (Copper/nickel) 00 Not released
26th 二十六 1951 101,068
27th 二十七 1952 486,632
28th 二十八 1953 466,300
29th 二十九 1954 520,900
30th 三十 1955 123,100
32nd 三十二 1957 50,000
33rd 三十三 1958 25,000
34th 三十四 1959 62,400
35th 三十五 1960 225,900
36th 三十六 1961 229,900
37th 三十七 1962 284,200
38th 三十八 1963 411,300
39th 三十九 1964 479,200
40th 四十 1965 387,600
41st 四十一 1966 395,900
42nd 四十二 1967 158,900
43rd 四十三 1968 363,600
44th 四十四 1969 414,800
45th 四十五 1970 382,700
46th 四十六 1971 610,050
47th 四十七 1972 634,950
48th 四十八 1973 1,345,000
49th 四十九 1974 1,780,000
50th 五十 1975 1,280,260
51st 五十一 1976 1,369,740
52nd 五十二 1977 1,467,000
53rd 五十三 1978 1,435,000
54th 五十四 1979 1,207,000
55th 五十五 1980 1,127,000
56th 五十六 1981 1,369,000
57th 五十七 1982 890,000
58th 五十八 1983 870,000
59th 五十九 1984 533,850
60th 六十 1985 335,150
61st 六十一 1986 68,960
62nd 六十二 1987 165,775
63rd 六十三 1988 618,112
64th 六十四 1989 74,692

Heisei[edit]

Heisei 10 yen coin from 2006 (year 18)
Phoenix Hall is featured on the obverse side of the coin.

The following are circulation dates in the reign of the current Emperor. Akihito was crowned in 1989, which is marked with a 元 symbol on the coin as a one year type. Coins for this period all begin with the Japanese symbol 平成 (Heisei).

  • Japanese coins are read with a left to right format:
"Emperors name" → "Number representing year of reign" → "Year" (Ex: 平成 → 十 → 年).
Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage (thousands)[6]
01 1st 1989 666,308
02 2nd 1990 754,953
03 3rd 1991 632,120
04 4th 1992 538,130
05 5th 1993 249,240
06 6th 1994 190,767
07 7th 1995 248,874
08 8th 1996 546,213
09 9th 1997 491,086
10th 1998 410,612
11th 十一 1999 359,120
12th 十二 2000 315,026
13th 十三 2001 542,024
14th 十四 2002 455,667
15th 十五 2003 551,406
16th 十六 2004 592,903
17th 十七 2005 504,029
18th 十八 2006 440,594
19th 十九 2007 388,904
20th 二十 2008 362,811
21st 二十一 2009 338,003
22nd 二十二 2010 328,905
23rd 二十三 2011 255,936
24th 二十四 2012 279,211
25th 二十五 2013 100,892
26th 二十六 2014 171,013
27th 二十七 2015 203,004
28th 二十八 2016 198,064
29th 二十九 2017 124,927
30th 三十 2018 178,960
31st 三十一 2019 TBD

Reiwa[edit]

The following are circulation dates for the future Emperor. Crown Prince Naruhito's accession to the Crysanthemum Throne took place on May 1, 2019. Coins for this period will begin with the Japanese symbol 令和 (Reiwa). The inaugural year coin 2019 will be marked 元 (first) and is likely to debut after summer. [7]

Year of reign Japanese date Gregorian date Mintage
1st 2019 TBD

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "10 yen coin". Bank of Japan. Archived from the original on 2010-11-06. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
  2. ^ a b "Japan 10 Yen Y# 12". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "Japan 10 Yen Y# 12a". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  4. ^ "10円青銅貨" (in Japanese). www.buntetsu.net. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Japan 10 Yen Y# 33". Numismatic Guaranty Corporation. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "年銘別貨幣製造枚数" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Mint. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  7. ^ "Reiwa coins to debut summer 2019".