At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, 10th Avenue Freakout received an average score of 78% based on 11 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Ben Peterson of AllMusic gave the album 4 stars out of 5, describing it as "a rhythmic, up-front electronic-pop album, much less pensive and subdued than Fog's previous full-length, Ether Teeth." He called it "consistently imaginative and never predictable." Liz Cordingley of XLR8R said: "Volleying between forceful and quirky, the avant-garde approach of this album gets closer to the human side of jazz than any digitized hip-hop beat." Ron Hart of Billboard called it "the most adventurous work in the Fog catalog yet."