10th Coast Artillery (United States)

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10th Coast Artillery Regiment
10th AAA Bn coa.jpeg
Coat of arms
Active 1924 - 1944
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Coast artillery
Role Harbor defense
Size Regiment
Motto "Vaillant et Veillant"
Mascot Oozlefinch
Engagements War of 1812
Civil War
World War II

The 10th Coast Artillery Regiment was a Coast Artillery regiment in the United States Army.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 27 February 1924 as 10th Artillery (HD) Coast Artillery, and organized 1 July 1924 at Fort Adams from the following Companies- 173rd, 52nd, 97th, 102nd, 110th, 129th, 147th, and 174th. (and 7th CA Band). Only HHB activated.

  • 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalion HHB constituted as inactive components on 31 January 1935
  • Batteries A, and B activated at Fort Wetherill on 1 July 1939
  • Batteries C, D, E, F, activated 10 February 1941 at Fort Adams. Battery C assigned to Fort Greene, (Point Judith, Narragansett, R.I.) Batteries D, E, F, assigned to Fort Church, R.I.
  • 1st and 2nd Battalions HHB activated on 25 April 1941
  • Battery G activated 6 January 1941 at Fort Adams, as (SL) search light battery.
  • Battery E transferred to (HD) Portland, (less personnel and equipment, and redesignated Battery L 8th Coast Artillery (United States)

10th Coast Artillery reassigned to Camp Forrest, TN. 14 March 1944, and inactivated 10 April 1944. Unit broken up as follows

Disbanded 31 May 1944

(note- according to Sawicki the Automatic Weapons battalion was converted to a Missile Battalion on 5 December 1956 (Nike), and inactivated 1 September 1958 at Fairchild Air Force Base)

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

  • Description

A Gold color and metal enamel device 1 inch (2.54 cm) in height overall blazoned: On a wreath Or and Gules, a triton torque drawing a bow and arrow aimed bendwise Or, above a sea wave Vert (Transparent Sea Green) in front of a Latin cross couped Azure.

  • Symbolism

The blue cross indicates the Civil War service of Battery B, 5th Coast Artillery (Now Battery E, 10th Coast Artillery). It served in the 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps during this conflict. The triton with bow and arrow symbolizes danger rising from the sea, against which the Coast Artillery in its forts must guard.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 10th Coast Artillery Regiment on 27 February 1926. It was redesignated for the 10th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion on 13 June 1952.

Coat of arms[edit]

Blazon[edit]

  • Shield

Gules, four cannons saltirewise base to base Or above an anchor paleways Azure fimbriated Argent; augmented of a canton per bend sinister, paly of fifteen of the field and of the fourth, base of the second.

  • Crest

On a wreath Or and Gules, a triton torque drawing a bow and arrow aimed bendwise Or, above a sea wave Vert (Transparent Sea Green) in front of a Latin cross couped Azure. Motto VAILLANT ET VEILLANT (Valiant and Vigilant).

Symbolism[edit]

  • Shield

The red of the shield signifies Artillery; the blue anchor is taken from the coat of arms of the old Coast Defenses of Narragansett Bay; the four cannons form the Roman numeral ten. Battery D, 10th Coast Artillery claims parentage from Batter C, 2nd Coast Artillery (formerly 14th Company, Coast Artillery Corps). The latter has no coat of arms but the addition of a canton is made to indicate this parentage, but divided since one battery can claim this parentage. Battery C, 2nd Coast Artillery was part of the garrison of Fort McHenry and commanded by Captain Frederic Evans during its bombardment, 13 September 1814, and this event is taken from the coat of arms of the 2nd Coast Artillery and depicted in the fifteen stripes in the canton.

  • Crest

The blue cross indicates the Civil War service of Battery B, 5th Coast Artillery (Now Battery E, 10th Coast Artillery). It served in the 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps during this conflict. The triton with bow and arrow symbolizes danger rising from the sea, against which the Coast Artillery in its forts must guard.

Background[edit]

The coat of arms was originally approved for the 10th Coast Artillery on 27 February 1926. It was redesignated for the 10th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion on 13 June 1952.

Campaign streamers[edit]

none

Decorations[edit]

none

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "10th Coast Artillery Artillery".

  • Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman [1]
  • Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).[2]
  • [3] linage
  • [4] page 123
  • http://fortwiki.com/Battery_212
  • Coast Artillery Journal January 1927 Page 73 [5]

External links[edit]