10th Ohio Infantry
|10th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
May 7, 1861 to August 21, 1861 (3 months)
|Engagements||Battle of Carnifex Ferry
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stones River
Battle of Chickamauga
Siege of Chattanooga
Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Resaca
The 10th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 10th OVI) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment was also known as the "Montgomery Regiment," and the "Bloody Tenth". The 10th Ohio Infantry was predominantly recruited from Irish Americans, but had two companies consisting of German Americans.
The 10th Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Harrison near Cincinnati, Ohio, and assembled for three month's service on 7 May 1861, under Colonel William Haines Lytle. This was in response to President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers. The regiment moved to Camp Dennison on 12 May and performed duty there until 3 June 1861. The 10th Ohio Infantry discharged on 21 August 1861.
The 10th Ohio Infantry was reorganized at Camp Dennison on 3 June 1861, and assembled for three years of service under the command of Colonel William Haines Lytle.
Through September 1861, the regiment was attached to the 2nd Brigade, Army of Occupation, Western Virginia. It was subsequently assigned to Benham's Brigade, Kanawha Division, Western Virginia, and stayed there through October 1861; the 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, Western Virginia, to November 1861; the 17th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December 1861; the 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862; the 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862; the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Center, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863; the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XIV Corps, January 1863; and Headquarters Provost Guard, Department of the Cumberland, to May 1864.
The 10th Ohio Infantry disassembled on 3 June 1864. Seventy-five enlisted men whose terms of enlistment had not expired were left unassigned within the Army of the Cumberland until September, then were assigned to the 18th Ohio Infantry.
Operations by the 10th Ohio Regiment began quickly. After working up in Ohio, it marched to western Virginia on June 24. Operations ensued in Grafton, Clarksburg and Buckhannon until August. After that, it served in the Western Virginia Campaign from July to September 1861, seeing action at the Battle of Carnifex Ferry on September 10.
After some rest, the 10th moved to the Kanawha Valley and New River Region, where it saw action from October 19 to November 24. It participated in the pursuit of Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Floyd from November 10–15 after reaching Gauley Bridge on November 10. It was at Cotton Mountain from November 10–11.
After that, the Division moved to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was in action from November 24 to December 2. From there, the 10th moved to Elizabethtown and then on to Bacon Creek on December 26, where it waited out the winter.
The 10th began the year on station at Bacon Creek. It stayed there until February 1862. It marched to Bowling Green, Kentucky, on February 10–15, and occupied Bowling Green from February 15–22.
After that, the Division was ordered to advance on Nashville, Tennessee, which it did on February 22-March 2. After a brief rest, it participated in the advance on Murfreesboro, Tennessee from March 17–19. From there, it occupied Shelbyville, Fayetteville, and then advanced on Huntsville, Alabama from March 28-April 11. This resulted in the capture of Huntsville on April 11.
The Division saw no rest, immediately marching on Decatur from April 11–14. It saw action at West Bridge, near Bridgeport, on April 29. After that, the Division had a breather. It was stationed at Huntsville until August.
The Division then participated in the march to Louisville, Kentucky, in pursuit of Confederate General Braxton Bragg from August 27-September 26. This turned into a pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky from October 1–15. The Division saw action at the Battle of Perryville on October eighth.
There followed a march to Nashville from October 16-November 7. It then was assigned to Provost duty at the headquarters of General William S. Rosecrans, Commanding Army of the Cumberland, which occupied the Division for the remainder of the year.
While serving General Rosecrans, the Division participated in the advance on Murfreesboro, Tennessee, from December 26–30, 1862. It saw action at the Battle of Stones River, December 30–31, 1862 and January first to third, 1863, including Stewart's Creek, January 1, 1863.
The 10th remained on Provost Duty for almost all of 1863. In December, it was transferred to similar duty at the headquarters of General George H. Thomas, Commanding Army and Department of the Cumberland.
The Division saw duty at Murfreesboro until June, 1863. It then participated in the Tullahoma Campaign from June 23-July 7, 1863. It was one of the divisions participating in the occupation of middle Tennessee until August 16.
The Division then marched over the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River as part of the preliminaries to the Chickamauga Campaign, where it formed part of the line from August 16-September 22, 1863. It was in the line for the Battle of Chickamauga, September 19–21. After that, it participated in the siege of Chattanooga, September 24-November 23, 1863. It was at the battle of Chattanooga, November 23–25, and then at Missionary Ridge, November 24–25, 1863.
The 10th continued performing its Provost duty for General Thomas until May 1864.
During this time, it participated in the reconnaissance of Dalton, Georgia, from February 22–27, 1864. There followed the Atlanta Campaign led by General William Tecumseh Sherman, May 1–27. The 10th made a demonstration attack on Rocky Faced Ridge from May 8–11. After the Battle of Resaca, May 14–15, the Division was ordered to the rear for muster out on May 27, 1864.
The regiment lost a total of 168 men during its service; three officers and 86 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, two officers and 77 enlisted men died of disease.
- Colonel William Haines Lytle
- Lieutenant Colonel Joseph W. Burke - commanded at the battles of Perryville and Stones River
- Lieutenant Colonel William M. Ward - commanded at the Battle of Chickamauga
- Thomas J. Kelly: First Sergeant, Company C (1861-1862); Captain, Chief Signal Officer, Company I (1863-1864); Chief Organizer (1867-1869), Colonel, Committee Secretary (1871-), Irish Republican Brotherhood
- Stephen Joseph McGroarty, Irish American soldier
- Rev. William T. O’Higgins (1829-1874), Catholic chaplain
- Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
- Finn, Daniel. The Journals of Daniel Finn: Composed from the Existing Civil War Journals of Daniel Finn from September 13, 1861 to October 17, 1861, December 4, 1861 to January 14, 1862, April 22, 1862 to July 25, 1862 (S.l.: s.n.), 1992.
- Ohio Roster Commission. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War on the Rebellion, 1861–1865, Compiled Under the Direction of the Roster Commission (Akron, OH: Werner Co.), 1886-1895.
- Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (Cincinnati, OH: Moore, Wilstach, & Baldwin), 1868. ISBN 9781154801965
- Revere, Paul. Boys of '98: A History of the Tenth Regiment Ohio volunteer Infantry (Augusta, GA: The Chronicle), 1899. ISBN 9781153304368
- This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.
- Ohio in the Civil War: 10th Ohio Volunteer Infantry by Larry Stevens
- National flag of the 10th Ohio Infantry
- Regimental flag of the 10th Ohio Infantry