1100s in England
(Redirected from 1104 in England)Jump to navigation Jump to search
|1080s | 1090s | 1100s | 1110s | 1120s|
Events from the 1100s in England.
- 2 August – King William II dies in a hunting accident in the New Forest; his brother Henry I claims the throne.
- 5 August – coronation of Henry I at Westminster Abbey. He issues the Charter of Liberties to mark his coronation.
- 23 September – Archbishop of Canterbury Anselm returns from exile at the invitation of Henry I.
- 11 November – Henry I marries Matilda of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland.
- Henry I has a series of charges drawn up against the rebel Robert of Bellême, Earl of Shrewsbury (particularly relating to unlicensed castle building), and, when Robert refuses to answer to them, persuades Robert's former vassal and ally Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys, to besiege and capture Robert's castles in Shropshire. The king deprives Robert of his English lands and titles, besieges and takes his castle at Arundel and banishes him and his brothers from England, so he returns to Normandy where he continues his rebellion. Bridgnorth becomes a royal borough. Robert's brother Arnulf de Montgomery, lord of Pembroke, being banished from England and Wales, goes to serve his father-in-law, Muirchertach Ua Briain, High King of Ireland.
- Gerald de Windsor is appointed by the king as Constable of Pembroke Castle and lord of the manor of Moulsford.
- Council of London reforms the clergy and prohibits homosexuality.
- The tomb of Edward the Confessor is opened and the body is found to be perfectly preserved.
- 27 April – Investiture Controversy: Anselm goes into exile after a dispute with Henry I.
- 10 August – a huge storm devastates crops.
- Iorwerth ap Bleddyn, prince of Powys, having been insufficiently rewarded for his actions the previous year, again rebels against Henry I and is arraigned before a royal tribunal at Shrewsbury, convicted and imprisoned.
- 11 August – Investiture Controversy: reconciliation of Henry I and Anselm is marked by the mass consecration of bishops by Anselm at the royal Palace of Westminster: William Giffard to Winchester, Roger to Salisbury, Reynelm to Hereford, William Warelwast to Exeter and Urban to Llandaff. Roger of Salisbury is also appointed Justiciar of England this year.
- Autumn – the Norwegian king Sigurd the Crusader overwinters in England on the first stage of the Norwegian Crusade to Palestine.
- Tower of Winchester Cathedral collapses.
- 27 July – Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, magnate
- 28 September (doubtful date) – Robert Malet, baron
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 116–117. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "British History Timeline, Norman Britain, BBC". Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 58–60. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Crouch, David (2007). The Normans; The History of a Dynasty. London: Hambledon Continuum. p. 175.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1949). White, Geoffrey H. (ed.). The Complete Peerage; or, A History of the House of Lords and all its Members from the Earliest Times. XI. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 693.
- Moody, T. W.; et al., eds. (1989). A New History of Ireland. 8: A Chronology of Irish History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-821744-2.
- "Icons, a Portrait of England". Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- Barlow, Frank (1979). The English Church 1066–1154: A History of the Anglo-Norman Church. New York: Longman. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-582-50236-5.
- Hollister, C. Warren; Frost, Amanda Clark, eds. (2001). Henry I. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. pp. 209–210. ISBN 0-300-08858-2.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 246. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- "Chichester Cathedral website". Archived from the original on 2007-11-25. Retrieved 2007-12-20.