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|Establishments – Disestablishments|
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|1105 in poetry|
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- December 31 – Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is deposed by his son, Henry V.
- The Almoravid emir, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, sends a maritime expedition to Palestine from Sevilla, to ward off the Crusaders and maybe to reconquer Jerusalem. The fleet of more or less seventy ships rushes into a storm in the Mediterranean, and is never seen again.
- Roger II of Sicily becomes the Count of Sicily.
- Upon the death of Inge the Elder, he is succeeded by his nephew Philip as king of Sweden.
- The consuls of Pavia are first mentioned, indicating that the city has become an independent commune.
- March 1 – Alfonso VII of Castile (d. 1157)
- Sovereign Countess Matilda of Boulogne, queen of England, wife of Stephen of England (d. 1152)
- Melisende of Jerusalem (d. 1161)
- Ibn Tufail, Andalusian philosopher, physician and official (approximate date; d. 1185)
- Rolando Bandinelli, future Pope Alexander III (d. 1181)
- February 28 – Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse (b. c. 1042)
- July 13 – Rashi, Jewish commentator on the Tanakh and Talmud (b. 1040)
- Inge the Elder, king of Sweden since 1080
- Huang Tingjian, famous Chinese calligrapher, painter, and poet (b. 1045)
- Adelaide, Countess of Soissons, French ruler
- Picard C. (1997) La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.