110th Cavalry Regiment
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|110th Cavalry Regiment|
coat of arms
|Active||1921 - 1996|
|Branch||Massachusetts National Guard|
|U.S. Cavalry Regiments|
|108th Cavalry Regiment||111th Cavalry Regiment|
- Motto; "Union, Liberty and the Laws"
Constituted 1 June 1921 in the Massachusetts National Guard as the 110th Cavalry, assigned to the 23rd Cavalry Division, and partially organized as follows-
- 1st Squadron Cavalry, with headquarters and Troops A, B, and C, at Boston. (organized 5 March 1852 as 1st Battalion of Light Dragoons to consist of Troop A (National Lancers), and Troop B (Boston Light Dragoons). reorganized 20 August 1864 as independent companies of cavalry; Reconstituted 27 March 1865 as 1st Battalion of Cavalry; redesignated 19 March 1906 as 1st Squadron, Cavalry; Mustered into federal service 26 June 1916 for Mexican border duty and mustered out 18 November 1916. Drafted into federal service 5 August 1917; redesignated 102nd Machine Gun Battalion 26th Infantry Division, 17 August 1917; demobilized 29 April 1919 at Camp Devens Ma. Reorganized and federally recognized 24 June 1920 as 1st Separate Squadron, Cavalry; redesignated 23 March 1921 as 1st Squadron, Cavalry), redesignated 1st Squadron, 28 November 1921.
- Regimental Headquarters organized at Boston and federally recognized 3 July 1924 relieved from 23rd Cavalry Division, assigned to 22nd Cavalry Division, and allotted to the National Guard of the states of Massachusetts and Rhode Island 19 February 1927. Reorganized 24 February 1927 and 1st Squadron, Cavalry in Rhode Island with Headquarters and Troops A, B, and C at Providence (Organized 1908 as 1st Squadron, Cavalry; mustered into federal service 28 June 1916 for Mexican Border service and stationed at El Paso, Texas, mustered out 9 October-6 November 1916; mustered into federal service 25 July 1917, drafted in 5 August 1917; broken up and redesignated as elements of the 26th Division, 20 August-6 October 1917; demobilized 29 April 1919 at Camp Devens, Ma.; former 1st Squadron, Cavalry reconstituted, reorganized and federally recognized 9 March 1923), redesignated 2nd Squadron.
- Allotted to the Massachusetts National Guard 1 April 1929; 2nd Squadron in Rhode Island converted and redesignated 2nd Battalion 103rd Field Artillery Regiment (United States), and new second Squadron organized at Allston and federally recognized 7 June 1929.
Reorganized 10 June 1937 and allotted to the National Guard of Massachusetts and Connecticut; concurrently Regimental Headquarters reorganized and federally recognized at West Hartford, Connecticut; remainder of regiment organized as follows-
- 1st Squadron in Ma. redesignated 3rd Squadron and reorganized at Allston to consist of Headquarters and Troops I, and K.
- 2nd Squadron with headquarters and troops E, and F, at Allston remained unchanged
- 1st Squadron 122nd Cavalry (organized as the Battalion of Governor's Horse Guards in October 1808 to contain the Governors Independent Volunteer Troop of Horse Guards [chartered 19 May 1788] at Hartford, and Second Company, Governor's Horse Guards [chartered in October 1808] at New Haven; redesignated Troops A, and B, 5th Militia Cavalry, 17 June 1915; mustered into federal service for Mexican border 20 June 1916, mustered out 28 October- 6 November 1916; reorganized and federally recognized 3 May 1917 as 1st Separate Squadron, Connecticut Cavalry; redesignated 3rd Separate Squadron, Connecticut Cavalry 19 May 1917; called into federal service 25 July 1917, drafted in 5 August 1917; converted and Redesignated 101st Machine Gun Battalion and assigned to the 26th division, 22 August 1917; demobilized 29 April 1919 at Camp Devens, Ma.; reorganized and federally recognized 9 March 1923 as 1st Squadron, Connecticut Cavalry with Headquarters and Troop A at New Haven and Troop B and C, at Hartford; redesignated 3 May 1929 as 1st squadron 122nd Cavalry), redisignated 1st Squadron.
Relieved from the 22nd Cavalry Division and assigned to the 21st Cavalry Division 1 April 1939. allotted to the Massachusetts National Guard 9 May 1940 and recognized as follows-
- Headquarters at West Hartford redesignated 16 May 1940 as Headquarters Battery 208th Coast Artillery (AA); concurrently new headquarters established at Boston.
- 1st Squadron with headquarters at New Haven, redesignated 16 May 1940 as 1st Battalion 208th Coast Artillery (AA); concurrently 3rd Squadron with headquarters at Allston redesignated 1st Squadron.
Relieved from the 21st Cavalry Division, converted and redesignated as the 180th Field Artillery Regiment (United States) 9 October 1940.
Coat of arms
The Shield is yellow for cavalry. The crossed guidons are those reputed to have been presented by Governor Edward Everett to the National Lancers. the motto was also that of the National Lancers. the fleurs-de-lis represents service in France during World War I while the red mullet was the distinguishing symbol used by the 102nd machine Gun Battalion during the war.
- Motto: "Yankee Eyes"
Constituted 27 February 1963 in the Massachusetts National Guard as the 26th Cavalry, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System. Organized 1 March 1963 to consist of the 1st Squadron (See Annex) an element of the 26th Infantry Division (United States). Reorganized 16–19 December 1967 to consist of 1st squadron (less troop C, allotted to the Connecticut National Guard, and Troop D allotted to the Rhode Island National Guard). Troop D, at Worcester, Massachusetts, successors to The Emit Guards of Worcester, circa 1967 to 1970. Reorganized 1 October 1986 to consist of the 1st Squadron (less Troop A, allotted to the Connecticut National Guard). Reorganized and redesignated 1 February 1988 as the 110th Cavalry to consist of the 1st Squadron. Withdrawn 1 June 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized the United States Army Regimental System with headquarters at Concord. relieved 1 September 1993 from assignment to the 26th Infantry Division.
Organized 1 May 1959 in the Massachusetts National Guard as the 2nd reconnaissance Squadron 110th Armor.
Distinctive unit insignia
A Gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall blazoned: Per fess Azure and Gules, on a pile Or, conjoined within a horseshoe of the third, nail holes pierced of the field, two mullets palewise of the first. Attached below the shield a scroll doubled back, inscribed “YANKEE EYES” in Black.
Yellow is the color associated with Cavalry. The horseshoe symbolizes the mission and functions of the organization. The divided shield alludes to the Pacific and European areas in which elements of the former Regiment served during World War I and World War II. The pile, simulating an arrowhead, refers to the assault landing in the Philippines while the two stars refer to the Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) and Philippine Presidential Unit Citation awarded to an element of former Regiment.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 26th Cavalry Regiment on 3 November 1965. It was amended to revise the symbolism on 21 November 1969. The insignia was redesignated for the 110th Cavalry with the description and symbolism revised effective 1 February 1988.
Coat of arms
- Shield: Per fess Azure and Gules, on a pile Or, conjoined within a horseshoe of the third, nail holes pierced of the field, two mullets palewise of the first.
- Crest: That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Massachusetts Army National Guard: On a wreath of the colors Or and Azure, a dexter arm embowed, clothed Blue and ruffed White Proper and hand grasping a broad sword Argent the pommel and hilt Or. Motto: YANKEE EYES.
- Shield: Yellow is the color associated with Cavalry. The horseshoe symbolizes the mission and functions of the organization. The divided shield alludes to the Pacific and European areas in which elements of the former Regiment served during World War I and World War II. The pile, simulating an arrowhead, refers to the assault landing in the Philippines while the two stars refer to the Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) and Philippine Presidential Unit Citation awarded to an element of former Regiment.
- Crest: The crest is that of the Massachusetts Army National Guard.
- Background: The coat of arms was originally approved for the 26th Cavalry Regiment on 7 January 1965. It was amended to revise the symbolism of the shield on 21 November 1969. The insignia was redesignated for the 110th Cavalry with the symbolism revised effective 1 February 1988.
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).
- Field artillery unit lineage
- 110th Cavalry lineage