Jump to navigation Jump to search
|1116 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1116 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1869|
|Balinese saka calendar||1037–1038|
|English Regnal year||16 Hen. 1 – 17 Hen. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)|
3812 or 3752
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3813 or 3753
|- Vikram Samvat||1172–1173|
|- Shaka Samvat||1037–1038|
|- Kali Yuga||4216–4217|
|Japanese calendar||Eikyū 4|
|Minguo calendar||796 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1427/1428 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1658–1659|
1242 or 861 or 89
— to —
1243 or 862 or 90
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1116.|
- Autumn – Battle of Philomelion: Emperor Alexios I (Komnenos) leads an expedition into Anatolia and meets the Seljuk army under Sultan Malik Shah (near Philomelium). The Byzantines introduce a new battle formation of Alexios' devising, the parataxis (a defensive formation, consisting of a hollow square, with the baggage in the centre). During the battle, the Seljuk Turks mount several attacks on the formations, but all are repulsed. The Byzantine cavalry makes two counterattacks; the first is unsuccessful. But a second attack, led by Nikephoros Bryennios (the Younger), breaks the Seljuk forces, who then turn to flight. The following day Malik Shah again attacks, his army completely surrounding the Byzantines from all sides. The Seljuk Turks are once more repulsed, with many losses. Alexios claims the victory, and Malik Shah is forced to accept a peace treaty, in which he promises to respect the frontiers of the Byzantine Empire.
- Summer – The Crusaders under King Baldwin I of Jerusalem undertake an expedition to Egypt and march as far as Akaba on the Red Sea. After the local inhabitants flee from the town, Baldwin constructs castles in Akaba and on a nearby island. He leaves a garrison in both fortresses. The three Crusader strongholds – Montréal, Eilat and Graye – secure the control of the caravan routes between Syria and Egypt.
- Autumn – Baldwin I hastens to Tyre (modern Lebanon) and begins the construction of a new fortress, known as Scandelion Castle, at the Ladder of Tyre, which completes the blockade of the town from the mainland.
- February 3 – King Coloman (the Learned) dies after a 21-year reign in which he has consolidated the feudal system in Hungary and expanded the frontier (partly by overthrowing King Peter II of Croatia).
- Ramon Berenguer III (the Great), count of Barcelona, sails to Rome in an effort to gain support from the Italian states and a licence from Pope Paschal II for his crusade against the Moors in Spain.
- July 15 – Ordelafo Faliero, doge of Venice, defeats the Hungarian troops under King Stephen II, who have arrived to relieve Zadar; the remaining towns of Dalmatia surrender to Venice.
- Portuguese forces under Countess Theresa take two Galician cities, Tui and Ourense. In reply, the sister of Theresa, Queen Urraca (the Reckless), attacks Portugal.
- Almoravid troops conquer the Balearic islands, whose Moorish rulers has been severely weakened by Pisan and Catalan raiders.
- The Welsh under King Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth attacks Llandovery Castle, but are defeated. Gruffydd also attacks Swansea Castle and destroys the outer walls.
- The Zirid ruler of Ifriqiya, Ali ibn Yahya, conquers the island of Jerba, then acting as an independent piratical republic.
Art and Music
- Aak music is introduced to the Korean court, through a large gift of 428 musical instruments as well as 572 costumes and ritual dance objects from China, by Emperor Hui Zong of the Song Dynasty.
- Construction starts on the Chennakeshava Temple (located on the Yagachi River) commissioned by King Vishnuvardhana at Belur in India.
- The monastery at Peterborough in England is destroyed by fire.
- April 12 – Richeza of Poland, queen of Sweden (d. 1156)
- August 29 – Philip of France, king of France (d. 1131)
- November 23 – William FitzRobert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (d. 1183)
- Berengaria of Barcelona, queen of León and Castile (d. 1149)
- Ibn al-Azraq al-Fariqi, Arab historian and writer (d. 1176)
- Ibn al-Jawzi, Arab historian and philologist (d. 1201)
- Ibn Mada', Arab scholar and polymath (d. 1196)
- Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford (d. 1173)
- Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, king of Connacht (d. 1198)
- February 3 – Coloman (the Learned), king of Hungary
- February 13 – Galon (or Gallo), bishop of Beauvais
- Abu Nasr Farsi, Persian statesman and poet (or 1117)
- Bagrat Pakrad, Armenian nobleman and adventurer
- Jimena Díaz, Spanish noblewoman (approximate date)
- Malik Shah, Seljuk ruler of the Sultanate of Rum
- Mary of Scotland, countess of Boulogne (b. 1082)
- Robert of Arbrissel, founder of Fontevrault Abbey
- Birkenmeier, John W. (2002). The Development of the Komnenian Army: 1081–1180. Brill. ISBN 90-04-11710-5.
- Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 112. ISBN 978-0241-29876-3.
- Steven Runciman (1989). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 98. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06162-9.
- Steven Runciman (1989). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp.98–99. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06162-9.
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 83.
- "Swansea Castle: 1100–1200 – Welsh Princes and Marcher Lords". City and County of Swansea. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'escape libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved January 17, 2012. Cite journal requires
- "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, p. 25. Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876)