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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1116 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1116
Ab urbe condita1869
Armenian calendar565
Assyrian calendar5866
Balinese saka calendar1037–1038
Bengali calendar523
Berber calendar2066
English Regnal year16 Hen. 1 – 17 Hen. 1
Buddhist calendar1660
Burmese calendar478
Byzantine calendar6624–6625
Chinese calendar乙未年 (Wood Goat)
3813 or 3606
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3814 or 3607
Coptic calendar832–833
Discordian calendar2282
Ethiopian calendar1108–1109
Hebrew calendar4876–4877
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1172–1173
 - Shaka Samvat1037–1038
 - Kali Yuga4216–4217
Holocene calendar11116
Igbo calendar116–117
Iranian calendar494–495
Islamic calendar509–510
Japanese calendarEikyū 4
Javanese calendar1021–1022
Julian calendar1116
Korean calendar3449
Minguo calendar796 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−352
Seleucid era1427/1428 AG
Thai solar calendar1658–1659
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1242 or 861 or 89
    — to —
(male Fire-Monkey)
1243 or 862 or 90
Queen Theresa of Portugal (1080–1130)

Year 1116 (MCXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Autumn – Battle of Philomelion: Emperor Alexios I (Komnenos) leads an expedition into Anatolia and meets the Seljuk army under Sultan Malik Shah (near Philomelium). The Byzantines introduce a new battle formation of Alexios' devising, the parataxis (a defensive formation, consisting of a hollow square, with the baggage in the centre). During the battle, the Seljuk Turks mount several attacks on the formations, but all are repulsed. The Byzantine cavalry makes two counterattacks; the first is unsuccessful. But a second attack, led by Nikephoros Bryennios (the Younger), breaks the Seljuk forces, who then turn to flight. The following day Malik Shah again attacks, his army completely surrounding the Byzantines from all sides. The Seljuk Turks are once more repulsed, with many losses. Alexios claims the victory, and Malik Shah is forced to accept a peace treaty, in which he promises to respect the frontiers of the Byzantine Empire.[1][2]


  • Summer – The Crusaders under King Baldwin I of Jerusalem undertake an expedition to Egypt and march as far as Akaba on the Red Sea. After the local inhabitants flee from the town, Baldwin constructs castles in Akaba and on a nearby island. He leaves a garrison in both fortresses. The three Crusader strongholds – Montréal, Eilat and Graye – secure the control of the caravan routes between Syria and Egypt.[3]
  • Autumn – Baldwin I hastens to Tyre (modern Lebanon) and begins the construction of a new fortress, known as Scandelion Castle, at the Ladder of Tyre, which completes the blockade of the town from the mainland.[4]




By topic[edit]

Art and Music[edit]

  • Aak music is introduced to the Korean court, through a large gift of 428 musical instruments as well as 572 costumes and ritual dance objects from China, by Emperor Hui Zong of the Song Dynasty.





  1. ^ Birkenmeier, John W. (2002). The Development of the Komnenian Army: 1081–1180. Brill. ISBN 90-04-11710-5.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 112. ISBN 978-0241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1989). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 98. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06162-9.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1989). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp.98–99. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06162-9.
  5. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 83.
  6. ^ "Swansea Castle: 1100–1200 – Welsh Princes and Marcher Lords". City and County of Swansea. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
  7. ^ Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'escape libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved January 17, 2012. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, p. 25. Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876)