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|1120 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1120 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1873|
|Balinese saka calendar||1041–1042|
|English Regnal year||20 Hen. 1 – 21 Hen. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己亥年 (Earth Pig)|
3816 or 3756
— to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3817 or 3757
|- Vikram Samvat||1176–1177|
|- Shaka Samvat||1041–1042|
|- Kali Yuga||4220–4221|
|Japanese calendar||Gen'ei 3 / Hōan 1|
|Minguo calendar||792 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1431/1432 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1662–1663|
1246 or 865 or 93
— to —
1247 or 866 or 94
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1120.|
- Siege of Sozopolis: Byzantine forces under Emperor John II Komnenos conquer Sozopolis in Pisidia, from the Sultanate of Rum. The Seljuk garrison is defeated while they are trapped between the Byzantine cavalry and the army (who is besieging the fortress).
- January 16 – Council of Nablus: King Baldwin II and Patriarch Warmund convenes an assembly at Nablus – establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. The prelates and noblemen who attend the meeting confirm the clergy's right to collect the tithe and to bear arms "in the cause of defense".
- Baldwin II grants the Knights Templar under Hugues de Payens and Godfrey de Saint-Omer a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Old City of Jerusalem.
- Summer – Baldwin II leads a expedition to Antioch to defend the northern Crusader states. He signs a 1-year truce with Ilghazi, Artuqid ruler of Mardin, securing the possession of Kafartab and other fortresses in Syria.
- June 17 – Battle of Cutanda: The combined forces of Aragon and Navarre under King Alfonso the Battler crush the Almoravid army near Calamocha. Alfonso recaptures the fortified towns of Calatayud and Daroca.
- The Almoravid fleet under Amirals Abu Abd Allah ibn Maymum of Almeria, and Isa ibn Maymum of Sevilla attacks the coastline of the Christian Kingdom of Galicia.[page needed]
- Freiburg is founded by Conrad I and his elder brother, Duke Berthold III of Zähringen, as a free market town.
- King Henry I gives a portion of the Stoneleigh estate (located in Warwickshire) to Geoffrey de Clinton, his chamberlain and treasurer. He builds a motte and bailey castle and forms a lake to provide better defences.
- November 25 – The White Ship is sunk in the English Channel, off Barfleur. Henry I's only legitimate son, William Adelin, is among 300 (many of them Anglo-Norman nobility) who drown.
- The Pseudo-Ingulf's Croyland Chronicle records Cornwall, as a nation distinct from England.
- Fang La, a Chinese rebel leader, leads an uprising against the Song Dynasty in Qixian Village (modern-day Zhejiang) in southeast China. He raises an army and captures Hangzhou.
- August – September (the eighth month of the Chinese calendar) – Wanyan Xiyin, a Jurchen nobleman and minister, completes the design of the first version of the Jurchen script.
- The flourishing south Chinese coastal city of Quanzhou claims a population of 500,000 citizens, including the hinterland.
- Order of Premonstratensians founded by Norbert of Xanten at Prémontré in Picardy.
- Bishop Urban begins the construction on Llandaff Cathedral in Wales.
- Walcher of Malvern, an English astronomer and mathematician, creates a system of measurement for the Earth using degrees, minutes and seconds of latitude and longitude.
- Alfonso of Capua, Italo-Norman nobleman (d. 1144)
- Arnold I of Vaucourt, archbishop of Trier (d. 1183)
- Frederick II of Berg, archbishop of Cologne (d. 1158)
- Fujiwara no Yorinaga, Japanese statesman (d. 1156)
- Gonçalo Mendes de Sousa, Portuguese nobleman (d. 1190)
- Ioveta of Bethany, princess and daughter of Baldwin II
- Jaksa Gryfita, Polish nobleman and knight (d. 1176)
- Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, Arab-Jewish translator
- Louis VII (le Jeune), king of France (d. 1180)
- Philip of Milly, French nobleman and knight (d. 1171)
- Rainald of Dassel, archbishop of Cologne (d. 1167)
- Roger de Mowbray, English nobleman (d. 1188)
- Urban III, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1187)
- William I ("the Wicked"), king of Sicily (d. 1166)
- Zhao Boju, Chinese landscape painter (d. 1182)
- September 3 – Blessed Gerard, founder of the Knights Hospitaller
- September 24 – Welf II ("the Fat"), duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
- November 25
- Adelaide, countess of Vermandois and Valois (or 1124)
- Afridun I (the Martyr), ruler (shah) of Shirvan (b. 1046)
- Eudo Dapifer (or FitzHerbert), Norman nobleman
- Fujiwara no Atsutaka, Japanese nobleman and poet
- Fujiwara no Sadazane, Japanese calligrapher (b. 1076)
- Ingegerd, queen of Denmark and Sweden (b. 1046)
- Raymond Pilet d'Alès, French nobleman (b. 1075)
- Harry J. Magoulias (1984). O City of Byzantium, Annals of Niketas Choniates, p. 9. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-1764-8.
- Malcolm Barber (2012). The Crusader States, p. 131. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11312-9.
- Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 128. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 86.
- Picard, C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- John S. Brown (2000). Colombia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture, p. 32. ISBN 0-231-11004-9.