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- The Song Dynasty governor of the bustling seaport of Quanzhou, Fujian, China, reports that the population of his city has reached 500,000 residents.
- August – September (the eighth month of the Chinese calendar) – Wanyan Xiyin completes the design of the first version of the Jurchen script.
- January 16 – The Council of Nablus is held in the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
- June 17 – Battle of Cutanda: The Aragonese troops of Alfonso I crush the Almoravid army.
- November 25 – The White Ship is sunk in the English Channel, off Barfleur. King Henry I of England's only legitimate son, William Adelin, is among 300 (many of them Anglo-Norman nobility) who drown.
- Walcher of Malvern creates a system of measurement for the earth using degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude and longitude.
- Construction begins on Llandaff Cathedral in Wales.
- Freiburg is founded in Breisgau.
- Under admirals Abu Abd Allah ibn Maymum of Almeria, and Isa ibn Mayum of Sevilla, the Almoravid fleet attacks the Christian kingdom of Galicia.[page needed]
- The Pseudo-Ingulf's Croyland Chronicle records Cornwall, as a nation distinct from England.
- Ioveta of Bethany, Jerusalem Princess and Abbess of Bethany, daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem
- Louis VII of France (d. 1180)
- November 25 – William Adelin, son of Henry I of England (sinking of the White Ship) (b. 1103)
- September 3 – Gerard Thom (The Blessed Gerard), founder of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c. 1040)
- Richard d'Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester (b. 1094)
- Ingegerd of Norway, queen consort of Denmark and Sweden (b. 1046) (approximate date)
- Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 86.
- Picard, C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.