113th Mechanized Infantry Division (People's Republic of China)

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113th Division (1948-53)
113th Infantry Division (1953-60)
113th Army Division (1960-85)
113th Motorized Infantry Division (1985-2003)
113th Mechanized Infantry Division (2003-)
Active 1948.11 –
Country  China
Branch  People's Liberation Army Ground Force
Type Mechanized infantry
Part of 38th Army
Garrison/HQ Baoding, Hebei
Engagements Chinese Civil War, Korean War

The 113th Mechanized Infantry Division is a military formation of the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China.

The 113th Division (Chinese: 第113师) was created on November 1948 under the Regulation of the Redesignations of All Organizations and Units of the Army, issued by Central Military Commission on November 1, 1948,[1] basing on the 2nd Division, 1st Column of the Northeastern Field Army. Its history can be traced to the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army taking part in the Pingjiang uprising in 1928.[2]

Under the command of 38th Corps it took part in the Chinese civil war.

Since 1950 it became a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) during the Korean War with a standard strength of approximately 10,000 men. It was a component of the 38th Army, consisting of the 337th, 338th, and 339th Regiments.[3]

The 113th Division captured Samso-ri on November 28, 1950, cutting the UN's retreat to Sunchon while the Marines were surrounded at the Chosin, in an attempt to surround and destroy all UN forces in North Korea. However, the UN forces were able to fight their way through Chinese lines and evacuate.[4]

In July 1953 it pulled back from Korea and stationed in Shenyang Military Region.

By then the division was composed of:

  • 337th Infantry Regiment;
  • 338th Infantry Regiment;
  • 339th Infantry Regiment;
  • 318th Tank Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment (attached early 1953);
  • 393rd Artillery Regiment.

In 1960 it renamed as 113th Army Division (Chinese: 陆军第113师).

In 1962 the division was designated as a "Northern" unit, Catalogue A.

In 1966 it moved to Baoding, Hebei province with the Corps HQ.

In 1968 it started to convert to a northern motorized army division. All its 3 infantry regiments were converted to motorized units.

In 1969 the 318th Tank Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment was renamed as Tank Regiment, 113th Army Division. 393rd Artillery Regiment was renamed as Artillery Regiment, 113th Army Division.

In September 1985 it renamed as 113th Motorized Infantry Division (Chinese: 摩托化步兵第113师), as a northern motorized infantry division, catalogue A. Its Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion was expanded to a regiment.

By then the division was composed of:

  • 337th Motorized Infantry Regiment;
  • 338th Motorized Infantry Regiment;
  • 339th Motorized Infantry Regiment;
  • Tank Regiment;
  • Artillery Regiment;
  • Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment.

From April to June 1989 it took part in the enforce of martial law and the crackdown of protests in Beijing.

In 1998 the 339th Regiment was disbanded. The Tank Regiment was converted to Armored Regiment, 113th Division.

In 2003 the division was re-equipped with ZSL-92 wheeled APC and re-organized as a light mechanized infantry division. At the same time the division was renamed as 113th Mechanized Infantry Division (Chinese: 机械化步兵第113师).

By then the division was composed of:

  • 337th Mechanized Infantry Regiment;
  • 338th Mechanized Infantry Regiment;
  • Armored Regiment;
  • Artillery Regiment;
  • Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment.

The unit is active with the 38th Army in the Beijing Military Region.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《中央军委关于统一全军组织及部队番号的规定》, http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_7254c7350100xb56.html
  2. ^ *中国人民解放军各步兵师沿革,http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_a3f74a990101cp1q.html
  3. ^ Appleman, Roy E. (1992) [1961]. "Chapter XXXIX: The Big Question". South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu". United States Army in the Korean War. United States Army Center of Military History. p. 768. CMH Pub 20-2-1. 
  4. ^ PLA Ground Forces, Strategic Successes Masking Tactical Failures
  5. ^ PLA Ground Forces