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|1140 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1140 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1893|
|Balinese saka calendar||1061–1062|
|English Regnal year||5 Ste. 1 – 6 Ste. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己未年 (Earth Goat)|
3836 or 3776
— to —
庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
3837 or 3777
|- Vikram Samvat||1196–1197|
|- Shaka Samvat||1061–1062|
|- Kali Yuga||4240–4241|
|Japanese calendar||Hōen 6|
|Minguo calendar||772 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1451/1452 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1682–1683|
1266 or 885 or 113
— to —
1267 or 886 or 114
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1140.|
- April – Henry Jasomirgott is made count palatine of the Rhine.
- Summer – The Assizes of Ariano are enacted by Roger II of Sicily.
- December 21 – Conrad III of Germany besieges Weinsberg, the stronghold of Welfs.
- Roger II of Sicily places the practice of medicine under royal control.
- The town of Lanark in Scotland is made a Royal Burgh, by David I of Scotland.
- Marburg becomes a town.
- August 21 – Jin–Song Wars: Battle of Yancheng – Song dynasty forces under the command of Yue Fei defeat a numerically superior Jin army led by Wuzhu.
- June 3 – Pierre Abelard is condemned for heresy by a church court in Sens, France.
- September 8 – Sephardi Jewish philosopher Judah Halevi, having completed the Kuzari, arrives in Alexandria on a pilgrimage to Palestine.
- The first Cistercian monastery in Spain is founded in Fitero. The order enjoys a rapid expansion in the region in the following 15 years.
- Camaldolite monk Gratian founds the science of Canon law with the publication of the Decretum Gratiani.
- May 28 – Xin Qiji, Chinese poet (d. 1207)
- Adela of Champagne, queen consort of Franks (d. 1206)
- Sophia of Minsk, queen consort of Denmark (d. 1198) (approximate date)
- Minamoto no Yoshihira, Japanese warrior (d. 1160)
- January 12 – Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia
- February 6 – Thurstan, Archbishop of York
- February 14
- September 15 – Adelaide of Hungary, Duchess of Bohemia
- date unknown – Kitti Sri Megha, King of Dakkinadesa, Sri Lankan