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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1144 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1144
Ab urbe condita1897
Armenian calendar593
Assyrian calendar5894
Balinese saka calendar1065–1066
Bengali calendar551
Berber calendar2094
English Regnal yearSte. 1 – 10 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1688
Burmese calendar506
Byzantine calendar6652–6653
Chinese calendar癸亥年 (Water Pig)
3840 or 3780
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
3841 or 3781
Coptic calendar860–861
Discordian calendar2310
Ethiopian calendar1136–1137
Hebrew calendar4904–4905
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1200–1201
 - Shaka Samvat1065–1066
 - Kali Yuga4244–4245
Holocene calendar11144
Igbo calendar144–145
Iranian calendar522–523
Islamic calendar538–539
Japanese calendarKōji 3 / Ten'yō 1
Javanese calendar1050–1051
Julian calendar1144
Korean calendar3477
Minguo calendar768 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−324
Seleucid era1455/1456 AG
Thai solar calendar1686–1687
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1270 or 889 or 117
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
1271 or 890 or 118
Geoffrey V (the Fair) (1113–1151)

Year 1144 (MCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • Autumn – Imad al-Din Zengi, Seljuk governor (atabeg) of Mosul, attacks the Artuqid forces led by Kara Arslan – who has made an alliance with Joscelin II, count of Edessa. In support of the alliance Joscelin marches out of Edessa with a Crusader army down to the Euphrates River, to cut off Zengi's communications with Aleppo. Zengi is informed by Muslim observers at Harran of Joscelin's movements. He sends a detachment to ambush the Crusaders and reaches Edessa with his main army in late November.[1]
  • December 24Siege of Edessa: Seljuk forces led by Imad al-Din Zengi conquer the fortress city of Edessa after a four-week siege. Thousands of inhabitants are massacred – only the Muslims are spared. The women and children are sold into slavery.[2] Lacking the forces to take on Zengi, Joscelin II retires to his fortress at Turbessel. There, he request reinforcements from the Byzantines and Queen-Regent Melisende of Jerusalem.




By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 190. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 190–191. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Mallinus, Daniel. La Yougoslavie. Brussels: Éd. Artis-Historia, 1988. D/1988/0832/27, pp. 37–39.
  4. ^ Picard, C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. p.76.
  5. ^ Fletcher, R. A. (1987). "Reconquest and Crusade in Spain c. 1050-1150". Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5. 37: 31–47 [45]. JSTOR 3679149.