1149

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1149 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1149
MCXLIX
Ab urbe condita1902
Armenian calendar598
ԹՎ ՇՂԸ
Assyrian calendar5899
Balinese saka calendar1070–1071
Bengali calendar556
Berber calendar2099
English Regnal year14 Ste. 1 – 15 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1693
Burmese calendar511
Byzantine calendar6657–6658
Chinese calendar戊辰(Earth Dragon)
3845 or 3785
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3846 or 3786
Coptic calendar865–866
Discordian calendar2315
Ethiopian calendar1141–1142
Hebrew calendar4909–4910
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1205–1206
 - Shaka Samvat1070–1071
 - Kali Yuga4249–4250
Holocene calendar11149
Igbo calendar149–150
Iranian calendar527–528
Islamic calendar543–544
Japanese calendarKyūan 5
(久安5年)
Javanese calendar1055–1056
Julian calendar1149
MCXLIX
Korean calendar3482
Minguo calendar763 before ROC
民前763年
Nanakshahi calendar−319
Seleucid era1460/1461 AG
Thai solar calendar1691–1692
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1275 or 894 or 122
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1276 or 895 or 123
The Battle of Inab (or Ard al-Hatim)

Year 1149 (MCXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

Levant[edit]

  • Spring – Nur al-Din, Seljuk ruler (atabeg) of Aleppo, invades the Principality of Antioch and defeats the Crusaders under Raymond of Poitiers at Baghras. He moves southward to besiege the fortress of Inab, one of the few strongholds of the Crusaders east of the Orontes River. Raymond with a small army (supported by the Assassin allies under Ali ibn Wafa) hurries to its rescue. Nur al-Din, misinformed of the strength of the Crusader forces, retreats. In fact the Zangid forces (some 6,000 men) outnumbers the Crusaders by over four to one. Against Ali's advice Raymond decides to reinfroce the garrison of Inab.[2]
  • April – King Louis VII and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine sail homeward in separate Sicilian ships. While the fleet rounds the Peloponnese (southern Greece) it is attacked by ships of the Byzantine navy. Louis gives orders to raise the French flag and is allowed to sail on. But the ships containing many of his followers and his possessions are captured and taken as a war-prize to Constantinople.[3]
  • June 29Battle of Inab: The Zangid army under Nur al-Din defeat the combined army of Raymond of Poitiers and the Assassins of Ali ibn Wafa at Inab. After the battle, Nur al-Din invades Antiochene territory and captures the fortresses of Artah and Harim. He then turns west to appear before the walls of Antioch itself and raids as far as St. Symeon.[4]
  • July – King Baldwin III receives an urgent request for help from Antioch to break the incomplete Zangid blockade of the city. Meanwhile, the Crusaders fail to retake Harim.[5] Nur al-Din strengthens his siege of Antioch, but it is too large to surround. A truce is agreed under which Harim and farther east territory remains under Seljuk dominance.
  • July 15 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is consecrated, after reconstruction.

Europe[edit]

England[edit]

By topic[edit]

Commerce[edit]

  • Genoa grants the benefits of a part of the city's fiscal revenues to a consortium of creditors called compera, the first example of the consolidation of public debt in medieval Europe.[7]

Religion[edit]

  • April 8Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Tusculum where he meets Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He attempts to reunite the couple by insisting to restore the love between them.[8]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Norwich, John (1995). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall, pp. 98 and 103. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0-679-41650-1.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 266. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 232. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 266. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 83. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  6. ^ McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.
  7. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 25 (3): 506–562. doi:10.1080/07075332.2003.9641005.
  8. ^ Norwich, John (2012). The Popes: A History. London: Vintage. ISBN 978-0-099-56587-1.