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This article is about the year 1156.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1120s 1130s 1140s – 1150s – 1160s 1170s 1180s|
|Years:||1153 1154 1155 – 1156 – 1157 1158 1159|
|1156 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1156 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1909|
|Bahá'í calendar||−688 – −687|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 2 – 3 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3852 or 3792
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3853 or 3793
|- Vikram Samvat||1212–1213|
|- Shaka Samvat||1078–1079|
|- Kali Yuga||4257–4258|
|Japanese calendar||Kyūju 3 / Hōgen 1
|Minguo calendar||756 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1699|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1156.|
- January 20 – According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
- December 25 – King Sverker the Elder is murdered on his way to church and is soon succeeded as king of Sweden by his rival Eric Jedvardsson.
- Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy founds and fortifies Moscow.
- The Privilegium Minus elevates Austria to the status of a duchy ruled by the Babenburgs family.
- Mosan artists create the Stavelot Triptych, a masterpiece of goldsmithing, as a reliquary to house purported pieces of the True Cross.
- A rebellion breaks out against William I of Sicily, and the Byzantine Empire, encouraged by Pope Adrian IV, invades Apulia. William II crushes the rebellion, defeats the Byzantine armies at Brindisi, and humbles the Pope at Benevento. The city of Bari is laid to waste for the coming ten years.
- Reginald of Chatillon sacks Cyprus.
- The Carmelite Order is established.
- October 27 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
- Hōjō Masako, Izu, Japan, wife of Minamoto Yoritomo and mother of two other Minamoto shoguns (d. 1225)
- Matilda of Saxony, daughter of Henry II of England (d. 1189)
- Minamoto no Noriyori, Japanese general (d. 1193)
- January 17 – André de Montbard, fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar
- January 20 – Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
- April – William IX, Count of Poitiers (b. 1153)
- July 20 – Emperor Toba of Japan (b. 1103)
- December 25
- date unknown