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|1156 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1156 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1909|
|Balinese saka calendar||1077–1078|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 2 – 3 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)|
3852 or 3792
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3853 or 3793
|- Vikram Samvat||1212–1213|
|- Shaka Samvat||1077–1078|
|- Kali Yuga||4256–4257|
|Japanese calendar||Kyūju 3 / Hōgen 1|
|Minguo calendar||756 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1467/1468 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1698–1699|
1282 or 901 or 129
— to —
1283 or 902 or 130
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1156.|
- The Hōgen Rebellion erupts in Japan.
- January 20 – According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe, on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
- December 25 – King Sverker the Elder is murdered on his way to church, and is soon succeeded as king of Sweden by his rival, Eric Jedvardsson.
- Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy founds and fortifies Moscow.
- The Privilegium Minus elevates Austria to the status of a duchy, ruled by the Babenburgs family.
- Mosan artists create the Stavelot Triptych, a masterpiece of goldsmithing, as a reliquary to house purported pieces of the True Cross.
- A rebellion breaks out against William I of Sicily, and the Byzantine Empire, encouraged by Pope Adrian IV, invades Apulia. William II crushes the rebellion, defeats the Byzantine armies at Brindisi, and humbles the Pope at Benevento. The city of Bari is laid to waste for the coming ten years.
- Raynald of Châtillon sacks Cyprus.
- The Carmelite Order is established.
- October 27 – Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (d. 1222)
- Hōjō Masako, Politically active Japanese woman, married to Minamoto no Yoritomo (d. 1225)
- Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony, daughter of Henry II of England (d. 1189)
- Minamoto no Noriyori, Japanese general (d. 1193)
- January 17 – André de Montbard, fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar
- April – William IX, Count of Poitiers (b. 1153)
- July 20 – Emperor Toba of Japan (b. 1103)
- December 25
- date unknown