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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1156 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1156
Ab urbe condita1909
Armenian calendar605
Assyrian calendar5906
Balinese saka calendar1077–1078
Bengali calendar563
Berber calendar2106
English Regnal yearHen. 2 – 3 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1700
Burmese calendar518
Byzantine calendar6664–6665
Chinese calendar乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3852 or 3792
    — to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3853 or 3793
Coptic calendar872–873
Discordian calendar2322
Ethiopian calendar1148–1149
Hebrew calendar4916–4917
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1212–1213
 - Shaka Samvat1077–1078
 - Kali Yuga4256–4257
Holocene calendar11156
Igbo calendar156–157
Iranian calendar534–535
Islamic calendar550–551
Japanese calendarKyūju 3 / Hōgen 1
Javanese calendar1062–1063
Julian calendar1156
Korean calendar3489
Minguo calendar756 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−312
Seleucid era1467/1468 AG
Thai solar calendar1698–1699
Tibetan calendar阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
1282 or 901 or 129
    — to —
(male Fire-Rat)
1283 or 902 or 130
Emperor Frederick I marries Beatrice I

Year 1156 (MCLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • Spring – Raynald of Châtillon, prince of Antioch, makes an alliance with Thoros II (the Great), ruler of Armenian Cilicia. He invades Cyprus and conducts a widespread plundering of the Byzantine island.[1] The Crusaders and the Armenian forces march up and down the island robbing and pillaging every building, church and convent as well as shops and private houses. The crops are burnt; the herds are rounded up – together with all the population – and driven down to the coast. The massacre lasts about three weeks; on the rumor of a Byzantine fleet in the offing, Raynald gives the order for embarkation. The Crusader ships are loaded with booty, and every Cypriot is forced to ransom himself.[2]


The murder of St. Henry by Lalli, painting by Karl Anders Ekman (1854)


  • The independent city-state Sfax revolts against Norman occupation. Almohad forces conquer the city and massacre the Christian citizens.[4]


By topic[edit]

Art and Science[edit]




  1. ^ Ghazarian, Jacob G. (2000). The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians with the Latins (1080–1393. Routledge Curzon (Taylor & Francis Group), 2000, Abingdon. ISBN 0-7007-1418-9.
  2. ^ Runciman, Steven (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 283. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Kleinhenz, Christopher (2010). Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-415-93930-0.
  4. ^ Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved January 17, 2012. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)