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This article is about the year 1159.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1120s 1130s 1140s – 1150s – 1160s 1170s 1180s|
|Years:||1156 1157 1158 – 1159 – 1160 1161 1162|
|1159 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1159 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1912|
|English Regnal year||5 Hen. 2 – 6 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3855 or 3795
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3856 or 3796
|- Vikram Samvat||1215–1216|
|- Shaka Samvat||1080–1081|
|- Kali Yuga||4259–4260|
|Japanese calendar||Hōgen 4 / Heiji 1
|Minguo calendar||753 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1470/1471 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1701–1702|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1159.|
- In the Roman Catholic Church, cardinals are given the right to elect the Pope. Prior to this, the pope has been elected by the clergy and congregation of the church.
- September 7 – Pope Alexander III succeeds Pope Adrian IV as the 170th pope.
- The Heiji Rebellion breaks out in Japan.
- Tunis is reconquered from the Normans by the Almohad caliphs.
- Approximate date - Churchman Richard FitzNeal is appointed Lord High Treasurer in England in charge of Henry II of England's Exchequer, an office he will hold for almost 40 years.
- May 30 – Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
- August 29 – Bertha of Sulzbach, Byzantine Empress (b. 1110s)
- September 1 – Pope Adrian IV (b. c. 1100)
- October 11 – William of Blois, Count of Boulogne and Earl of Surrey (b. c. 1137)
- Joscelin II, Count of Edessa