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|Centuries:||1st century – 2nd century – 3rd century|
|Decades:||80s 90s 100s – 110s – 120s 130s 140s|
|Years:||113 114 115 – 116 – 117 118 119|
|116 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||869|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
2812 or 2752
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
2813 or 2753
|Coptic calendar||−168 – −167|
|- Vikram Samvat||172–173|
|- Shaka Samvat||37–38|
|- Kali Yuga||3216–3217|
|Iranian calendar||506 BP – 505 BP|
|Islamic calendar||522 BH – 521 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1796 before ROC
|Seleucid era||427/428 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||658–659|
Year 116 (CXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lamia and Vetus (or, less frequently, year 869 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 116 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Emperor Trajan completes his invasion of Parthia by capturing the cities of Seleucia, Babylon, Ctesiphon and Susa, marking the high-water mark of the Roman Empire's eastern expansion.
- Trajan makes Syria a province of Rome and crosses the Tigris to annex Adiabene. He proceeds with his army to the Persian Gulf and conquers territory that becomes the province of Parthia.
- Trajan removes Osroes I as king of Parthia, and appoints his son Parthamaspates in his place. Parthamaspates Romanizes his name to Parthicus.
- Trajan sends two expeditionary forces. One, consisting of elements of Legio III Cyrenaica, to suppress the revolt in Judea and the other Legio VII Claudia to restore order on Cyprus.
- Trajan sends laureatae to the Roman Senate on account of his victories and being conqueror of Parthia.
- Quintus Marcius Turbo sails to Alexandria and defeats the Jews in several pitched battles.
- Jewish uprising against Rome fails.
- Ban Zhao, first female Chinese historian (b. 45)
- Saint Quirinus of Neuss, Roman Christian martyr
- Saint Zacchaeus of Jerusalem, Bishop of Jerusalem