From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1169.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1130s 1140s 1150s – 1160s – 1170s 1180s 1190s|
|Years:||1166 1167 1168 – 1169 – 1170 1171 1172|
|1169 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1169 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1922|
|English Regnal year||15 Hen. 2 – 16 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3865 or 3805
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
3866 or 3806
|- Vikram Samvat||1225–1226|
|- Shaka Samvat||1090–1091|
|- Kali Yuga||4269–4270|
|Japanese calendar||Nin'an 4 / Kaō 1
|Minguo calendar||743 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1480/1481 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1711–1712|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1169.|
- Nur ad-Din, atabeg of Aleppo, invades Egypt, and on March 26 names his nephew Saladin sultan as well as vizier of Cairo.
- January – Henry II of England and Louis VII of France sign a peace treaty which includes the betrothal of their respective heirs, twelve-year-old Richard I of England and nine-year-old Alys, Countess of the Vexin.
- February 4 – 1169 Sicily earthquake: An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of around 7 strikes the eastern coast of Sicily, causing an estimated 15,000 deaths.
- May 1 – Norman invasion of Ireland begins. Among those arriving is Cambro-Norman knight (and vassal of Henry II of England) Richard de Clare who has made an alliance with exiled Irish chief Diarmait Mac Murchada to help him regain the throne of Leinster. This begins the period of Anglo-Norman dominance of Ireland.
- Siege of Badajoz by Gerald the Fearless. The adventurer receives the support of the Afonso I of Portugal. The Almohad caliph, Abu Yaqub Yusuf, manages to broker an alliance with the King Ferdinand II of León against Afonso. The allies manage to besiege the Portuguese in Badajoz and finally to take both the king and Gerald prisoners.
- During the Swedish power struggle, Boleslaw is killed, but his brother Kol continues as king of Östergötland until 1173, in opposition to king Knut Eriksson of Sweden.
- The appointed Bishop of Estonia, Fulco, becomes the first known Christian missionary to visit Estonia.
- Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky of Vladimir-Suzdal sacks Kiev and makes Vladimir the capital of Kievan Rus'.
- Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves the English court of Henry II to establish her own court in Poitiers. It will become known as a center of courtly love.
- January 2 – Bertrand de Blanchefort, sixth Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b. c. 1109)
- July 9 – Guido of Ravenna, Italian cartographer, entomologist and historian
- Stephen du Perche, chancellor of Sicily and archbishop of Palermo
- Boleslaw Sverkerson, king of Östergötland (Sweden) since 1167
- Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 37.
- Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X., eds. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. p. 370.
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman, VIIIe-XIIIe siècle: L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.