116th Street–Columbia University (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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116th Street–Columbia University
"1" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
116th Street Columbia University IRT 006.JPG
Platform for uptown trains
Station statistics
Address West 116th Street & Broadway
New York, NY 10027
Borough Manhattan
Locale Morningside Heights
Coordinates 40°48′29″N 73°57′50″W / 40.808°N 73.964°W / 40.808; -73.964Coordinates: 40°48′29″N 73°57′50″W / 40.808°N 73.964°W / 40.808; -73.964
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M4, Airport transportation M60 SBS, M104
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904; 113 years ago (1904-10-27)[1]
Station code 307[2]
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 4,797,152[4]Decrease 1%
Rank 100 out of 422
Station succession
Next north 125th Street: 1 all times
Next south Cathedral Parkway–110th Street: 1 all times

116th Street–Columbia University Subway Station (IRT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference # 04001020[5]
Added to NRHP September 17, 2004

116th Street–Columbia University is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the 1 train at all times. It is located at the intersection of Broadway and 116th Street, just outside the west gate to the main campus of Columbia University and the southeast corner of the Barnard College campus. The express track that passes through the station is currently unused in revenue service.

History[edit]

Track layout

Operation of the first subway began on October 27, 1904, with the opening of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch including the 116th Street station.[6][7]

In 1948, platforms on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 103rd Street to 238th Street were lengthened to 514 feet to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six car local trains. The platform extensionswere opened in stages. On April 6, 1948, the stations from 103rd Street to Dyckman Street had their platform extensions opened, with the exception of the 125th Street, which had its extension opened on June 11, 1948.[8][9]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (125th Street)
Peak-direction express No regular service
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry (110th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
The station's downtown platform in 1978.

The 116th Street–Columbia University station is laid out in a typical local stop setup.[10] There are two side platforms and three tracks, the center one being an unused express track.[10] The southbound local track is technically known as BB1 while the northbound one is BB4; the BB designation is used for chaining purposes along the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 96th Street to 242nd Street. Although it cannot be accessed at 116th Street–Columbia University, the center track is designated as M. It is important to note that these designations are rarely, if ever, used in ordinary conversation.

Until the 1960s, the station was served by an entrance kiosk similar to the one still in use two miles south at 72nd Street. Today, the concourse is entirely underground, with stairways on either side of Broadway that serve both uptown and downtown trains. In 2004, the station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Exits[edit]

Unlike most local stops on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, one can transfer between directions at this station. A mezzanine above the tracks at this station leads to four stairs, two to each northern corner of Broadway and 116th Street. There is also an exit-only near the southern end of the northbound platform that leads to the east side of Broadway at 115th Street, outside the Alfred Lerner Hall.[11]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It, October 28, 1904
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  6. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864-1917, published 1918, pp. 162-191
  7. ^ "New York City subway opens - Oct 27, 1904". history.com. 1904-10-27. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  8. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  9. ^ "More Long Platforms – Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains". The New York Times. 1948-07-10. p. 8. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  10. ^ a b 116th Street/Columbia University NYCSubway Retrieved 2009-06-24
  11. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Morningside Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]