116th Street–Columbia University (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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 116 Street–Columbia University
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
116th Street Columbia University IRT 006.JPG
Platform for uptown trains
Station statistics
AddressWest 116th Street & Broadway
New York, NY 10027
BoroughManhattan
LocaleMorningside Heights
Coordinates40°48′29″N 73°57′50″W / 40.808°N 73.964°W / 40.808; -73.964Coordinates: 40°48′29″N 73°57′50″W / 40.808°N 73.964°W / 40.808; -73.964
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M4, Airport transportation M60 SBS, M104
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904; 114 years ago (1904-10-27)[1]
Station code307[2]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)4,586,341[4]Decrease 4.4%
Rank105 out of 425
Station succession
Next north125th Street: 1 all times
Next southCathedral Parkway–110th Street: 1 all times

116th Street–Columbia University Subway Station (IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #04001020[5]
Added to NRHPSeptember 17, 2004

116th Street–Columbia University is a local station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the 1 train at all times. It is located at the intersection of Broadway and 116th Street, just outside the west gate to the main campus of Columbia University and the southeast corner of the Barnard College campus. The express track that passes through the station is currently unused in revenue service.

History[edit]

Track layout

Operation of the first subway began on October 27, 1904, with the opening of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch including the 116th Street station.[6][7]

In 1948, platforms on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 103rd Street to 238th Street were lengthened to 514 feet to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six car local trains. The platform extensions were opened in stages. On April 6, 1948, the stations from 103rd Street to Dyckman Street had their platform extensions opened, with the exception of the 125th Street, which had its extension opened on June 11, 1948.[8][9]

In 2002, it was announced that 116th Street would be one of ten subway stations citywide, as well as one of five on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, to receive renovations.[10]

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exit/entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (125th Street)
Peak-direction express No regular service
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry (110th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
The station's downtown platform in 1978.

The 116th Street–Columbia University station is laid out in a typical local stop setup.[11] There are two side platforms and three tracks, the center one being an unused express track.[11] The southbound local track is technically known as BB1 while the northbound one is BB4; the BB designation is used for chaining purposes along the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line from 96th Street to 242nd Street. Although it cannot be accessed at 116th Street–Columbia University, the center track is designated as M. It is important to note that these designations are rarely, if ever, used in ordinary conversation.

Until the 1960s, the station was served by an entrance kiosk similar to the one still in use two miles south at 72nd Street. Today, the concourse is entirely underground, with stairways on either side of Broadway that serve both uptown and downtown trains. In 2004, the station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Exits[edit]

Unlike most local stops on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, one can transfer between directions at this station. A mezzanine above the tracks at this station leads to four stairs, two to each northern corner of Broadway and 116th Street. There is also an exit-only near the southern end of the northbound platform that leads to the east side of Broadway at 115th Street, outside the Alfred Lerner Hall.[12]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It". The New York Times. October 28, 1904.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  6. ^ James Blaine Walker, Fifty Years of Rapid Transit, 1864-1917, published 1918, pp. 162-191
  7. ^ "New York City subway opens - Oct 27, 1904". history.com. October 27, 1904. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  8. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949.
  9. ^ "More Long Platforms – Five Subway Stations on IRT to Accommodate 10-Car Trains". The New York Times. July 10, 1948. p. 8. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  10. ^ "RENOVATION IS SET FOR 10 SUBWAY STATIONS". NY Daily News. June 11, 2002. Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  11. ^ a b 116th Street/Columbia University NYCSubway Retrieved June 24, 2009
  12. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Morningside Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 12, 2015.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]