116th United States Congress

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116th United States Congress
115th ←
→ 117th
U.S. Capitol - March 28, 2016 (25666928564).jpg
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate President pro temTBD
House SpeakerTBD
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: TBD – TBD

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the next meeting of the legislative branch of the Federal government of the United States, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It is scheduled to meet in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2021, during the third and fourth years of Donald Trump's current term as president.

In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won the majority in the House of Representatives and will have a preponderance of voting influence in selecting the next Speaker. In the Senate, the Republican Party increased its majority, giving the U.S. a split Congress.


Major events[edit]


  • Congress may convene as early as noon (EST) on January 3, 2019. The actual date and time will be set by the previous Congress.

Party summary[edit]

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.


Senate membership, at the beginning of the Congress.
     45 Democrats      53 Republicans
     2 Independents (Democratic caucus)
Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 51 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2019) [a] 45 2 53 100 0
Latest voting share 47.0% 53.0%

House of Representatives[edit]

House membership, at the beginning of this Congress.
     235 Democrats      199 Republicans
     1 Disputed
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 197 0 236 433 2
Begin (January 3, 2019) 235 0 199 434 1
Latest voting share 54.1% 0.0% 45.9%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0



Senate President

Majority (Republican) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) Leadership[edit]


As of the beginning of the Congress in January 3, 2019, most members of this Congress are Christians. Of them, approximately half are Protestant. Other religions include Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism.[citation needed]

76 senators are men, and 24 are women. 91 senators are white, 4 are Hispanic, 2 are black, 2 are Asian, and 1 is both black and Asian. 2 openly identify as LGBTQ+.[citation needed]

333 members of the House of Representatives are men, and 102 are women. 372 members are white, 48 are black, 11 are Asian, and 4 are Native American. 8 openly identify as LGBTQ+.[citation needed]



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, Class 1 means their term ended with the previous Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; Class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and Class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives[edit]

All 435 seats were filled by the elections on November 6, 2018, or by special elections thereafter.


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chair and Ranking Member.


Committee Chair Ranking Member [15]
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Jon Tester (D-MT)
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Ethics (Select) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)

House of Representatives[edit]

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture Collin Peterson (D-MN) Mike Conaway (R-TX)
Appropriations Nita Lowey (D-NY) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mac Thornberry (R-TX)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Steve Womack (R-AR)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Greg Walden (R-OR)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Susan Brooks (R-IN)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Eliot Engel (D-NY) Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Judiciary Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Doug Collins (R-GA)
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rob Bishop (R-UT)
Oversight and Government Reform Elijah Cummings (D-MD) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) TBD
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Phil Roe (R-TN)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)
Human Rights (Lantos Commission) Jim McGovern (D-MA) TBD
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) TBD


Committee Chair Ranking Member Vice Chair Vice Ranking Member
Economic TBD Martin Heinrich (D-NM)[15] TBD TBD
Budget and Appropriations Process Reform (Select) TBD TBD TBD TBD

Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission) TBD TBD TBD TBD
Solvency of Multiemployer Pension Plans (Select) TBD TBD TBD TBD

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b In Florida, Senator-elect Rick Scott (R) is delaying being sworn-in until the completion of his term as Governor of Florida. However, the swearing-in does not affect when his term begins. Except in the case of Rockefeller and plenty of other governors that were elected to be Senators that delayed being sworn-in which it did effect when their term began. See page 74 https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/pdf/chronlist.pdf where term start of Rockefeller was January 15, 1985 when he was sworn in a delaying of the start of his term for 12 days.


  1. ^ Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike (November 14, 2018). "Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Fandos, Nicholas (November 14, 2018). "House Republicans Pick Kevin McCarthy as Their Next Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Bolton, Alexander (November 14, 2018). "McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip". The Hill. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  4. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (November 15, 2018). "Catherine Cortez Masto Becomes First Latina to Lead DSCC". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  5. ^ McPherson, Lindsey; McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  6. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "James Clyburn Elected Majority Whip". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  7. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Rep. Ben Ray Luján Elected Assistant Democratic Leader". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  8. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Hakeem Jeffries Wins Democratic Caucus Chair Race Against Barbara Lee". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  9. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Katherine Clark Elected House Democratic Caucus Vice Chair". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  10. ^ Pathé, Simone (November 29, 2018). "Cheri Bustos Elected DCCC Chair". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  11. ^ a b c McPherson, Lindsey (December 4, 2018). "House Democrats' New Elected Leadership Team Is More Progressive and Diverse". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c DeGette dropped from chief deputy whip spot
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Roll Call Staff (November 14, 2018). "Here's the List of House Republican Leaders for the Next Congress". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  14. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 27, 2018). "Scalise Appoints Rep. Drew Ferguson as House GOP's Chief Deputy Whip". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  15. ^ a b Solender, Andrew (December 11, 2018). "The office of @SenSchumer has released an official list of Senate Democratic Ranking Members and Vice Chairmen". Twitter. Retrieved December 11, 2018.