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117th United States Congress

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117th United States Congress
116th ←
→ 118th
Capitol building with stairs.jpg

January 3, 2021 – January 3, 2023
Members100 senators
435 representatives
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
(until January 20, 2021)
(from January 20, 2021)
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
(until January 20, 2021)
Kamala Harris (D)
(from January 20, 2021)
House MajorityDemocratic
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
1st: January 3, 2021 – present

The 117th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2021, during the final weeks of Donald Trump's presidency, and will end on January 3, 2023. It will meet during the first two years of Joe Biden's presidency.

The 2020 elections decided control of both chambers. In the House of Representatives, the Democratic Party retained their majority (albeit reduced from the 116th Congress).

In the Senate, the Republican Party briefly held the majority at the beginning of the term, but on January 20, 2021, three new Democratic senators were sworn in, resulting in the Republicans holding 50 seats, the Democrats with 48, and two held by independents who caucus with the Democrats, effectively making it a 50–50 split, which hasn't occurred since the beginning of the 107th Congress in 2001.

With Vice President Kamala Harris serving as the tie breaker in her constitutional role as Senate President, this gave the Democrats control of the Senate, and thereby giving them full control of Congress for the first time since 111th Congress ended in 2011.

Major events

  • January 3, 2021: 117th Congress officially begins, with Democrats controlling the House, and Republicans in charge of the Senate.
  • January 5, 2021: Runoff elections were held in Georgia for the regular and special Senate elections, with Democrats winning both.
  • January 6, 2021: A pro-Trump mob stormed the Capitol, halting the joint session to count and certify the electoral college vote. By nightfall, the mob had been cleared and the vote counting resumed, with the certification being made official around 3 a.m. on January 7
  • January 13, 2021: Second impeachment of Donald Trump: House impeached President Trump for inciting the January 6 storming of the Capitol.
  • January 18, 2021: Kamala Harris officially resigns from the Senate as she prepared to become Vice President two days later.
  • January 20, 2021: Joe Biden became President of the United States
  • January 20, 2021: Democrats took control of the Senate with the inauguration of VP Kamala Harris and the seating of three new Democratic senators (the two Georgia runoff winners and Harris' appointed replacement), effectively resulting in a 50-50 split with Harris as the tie breaker in her constitutional role as Senate President
  • January 22, 2021: Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer announces the second impeachment trial of Donald Trump will begin on February 9.
  • January 25, 2021: House Democrats formally send article of impeachment to the Senate.

Major legislation


Proposed (but not enacted)

Major resolutions


  • H.Res. 21: Calling on Vice President Michael R. Pence to convene and mobilize the principal officers of the executive departments of the Cabinet to activate section 4 of the 25th Amendment to declare President Donald J. Trump incapable of executing the duties of his office and to immediately exercise powers as acting President.
  • H.Res. 24 (Second impeachment of Donald Trump): Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors.
  • S.Res. 5: A resolution honoring the memory of Officer Brian David Sicknick of the United States Capitol Police for his selfless acts of heroism on the grounds of the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021.


  • H.Res. 14: Censuring and condemning President Donald J. Trump for attempting to overturn the results of the November 2020 presidential election in the State of Georgia
  • H.Res. 25: Directing the Committee on Ethics to investigate, and issue a report on, whether any and all actions taken by Members of the 117th Congress who sought to overturn the 2020 Presidential election violated their oath of office to uphold the Constitution or the Rules of the House of Representatives, and should face sanction, including removal from the House of Representatives.

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent
(caucusing with
End of previous Congress 46 2 52 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2021)[a] 46 2 51 99 1
January 18, 2021[b] 45 98 2
January 20, 2021[b][c][d] 48 2 50 100 0
Latest voting share 50.0% 50.0%  

House of Representatives

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican Other
End of previous Congress 233 1 195 1[e] 430 5
Begin (January 3, 2021)[f][g] 222 0 211 0 433 2
January 15, 2021[h] 221 432 3
Latest voting share 51.2% 0.0% 48.8% 0.0%  
Non-voting members 3 1[i] 2 0 6 0


Note: Democrats refer to themselves as a "Caucus"; Republicans refer to themselves as a "Conference".


Senate President
VP Mike Pence
Mike Pence (R),
until January 20, 2021
VP Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris (D),
from January 20, 2021
Senate President pro tempore
Chuck Grassley
Chuck Grassley (R),
until January 20, 2021
Patrick Leahy
Patrick Leahy (D),
from January 20, 2021


Democratic leadership

(Minority until January 20, 2021, majority thereafter)

Republican leadership

(Majority until January 20, 2021, minority thereafter)

House of Representatives

House Speaker


Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 senators are in the middle of their term (2019–2025), having been elected in 2018 and facing re-election in 2024. Class 2 senators are at the beginning of their term (2021–2027), having been elected in 2020. Class 3 senators are at the end of their term (2017–2023), facing re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

All 435 seats were filled by election in November 2020.

Changes in membership


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[l]
Vacant Republican David Perdue's term expired January 3, 2021, before a runoff election could be held.
Successor elected January 5, 2021.[a]
Jon Ossoff
January 20, 2021
Kamala Harris
Incumbent resigned on January 18, 2021, to become U.S. Vice President.
An interim successor continued the term.
Alex Padilla
January 20, 2021
Kelly Loeffler
Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected January 5, 2021.
Raphael Warnock
January 20, 2021

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[l]
Louisiana 5 Vacant Member-elect Luke Letlow (R) died December 29, 2020, before his term started.
A special election will be held March 20, 2021.[5]
New York 22 Vacant Anthony Brindisi's (D) term expired January 3, 2021, and the seat will remain vacant while votes from the 2020 election are being reviewed by a judge. TBD TBD
Louisiana 2 Cedric Richmond
Resigned January 15, 2021, to become Senior Advisor to the President and director of the Office of Public Liaison.[18][19]
A special election will be held March 20, 2021.[18]
New Mexico 1 Deb Haaland
Incumbent expected to resign to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.[20]
A special election would then be held on a date TBD.[20]
Ohio 11 Marcia Fudge
Incumbent expected to resign to become U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.[21]
A special election would then be held on a date TBD.[21]


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed by chamber and then alphabetically by committee name, including chair and ranking member.


Committee Chair Ranking Member
Aging (Special) Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA) Susan Collins (R-ME)
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) John Boozman (R-AR)
Appropriations Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Richard Shelby (R-AL)
Armed Services Jack Reed (D-RI) Jim Inhofe (R-OK)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Sherrod Brown (D-OH) Pat Toomey (R-PA)
Budget Bernie Sanders (I-VT) Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Maria Cantwell (D-WA) Roger Wicker (R-MS)
Energy and Natural Resources Joe Manchin (D-WV) John Barrasso (R-WY)
Environment and Public Works Tom Carper (D-DE) Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV)
Ethics (Select) Chris Coons (D-DE) James Lankford (R-OK)
Finance Ron Wyden (D-OR) Mike Crapo (R-ID)
Foreign Relations Bob Menendez (D-NJ) Jim Risch (R-ID)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Patty Murray (D-WA) TBD
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Gary Peters (D-MI) Rob Portman (R-OH)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) Brian Schatz (D-HI) Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
Intelligence (Select) Mark Warner (D-VA) TBD
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) John Cornyn (R-TX)
Judiciary Dick Durbin (D-IL) Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
Rules and Administration Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Roy Blunt (R-MO)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Ben Cardin (D-MD) Marco Rubio (R-FL)
Veterans' Affairs Jon Tester (D-MT) Jerry Moran (R-KS)

House of Representatives

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture David Scott (D-GA) Glenn Thompson (R-PA)
Appropriations Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Jason Smith (R-MO)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) Garret Graves (R-LA)
Economic Disparity and Fairness in Growth (Select) TBD TBD
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Jackie Walorski (R-IN)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Mike McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) John Katko (R-NY)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Judiciary Jerry Nadler (D-NY) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) TBD
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Bruce Westerman (R-AR)
Oversight and Reform Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Jim Comer (R-KY)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Mike Bost (R-IL)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)


Committee Chair Vice Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
Inaugural Ceremonies (Special)
until January 20, 2021
Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Library Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) TBD TBD TBD
Printing TBD Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) TBD TBD
Taxation[m] Rep. Richard Neal (D-MA) TBD TBD Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Officers and officials


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ a b c d The Congress began with 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats (including 2 independents who caucus with the Democrats) and 1 vacancy in the Senate. Georgia's class 2 seat was vacant from the start until Democrat Jon Ossoff was seated January 20, 2021. Georgia's class 3 Republican interim appointee Kelly Loeffler served until Democrat Raphael Warnock was seated January 20, 2021.[1]
  2. ^ a b c In California: Kamala Harris (D) resigned January 18, 2021, to become U.S. Vice President.
    Alex Padilla (D) was appointed to continue the unexpired term and began serving January 20, 2021.[2]
  3. ^ In Georgia: Kelly Loeffler (R) lost a special election to finish the term.
    Jon Ossoff (D) and Raphael Warnock (D) began their service January 20, 2021.[3][4]
  4. ^ Kamala Harris (D) became U.S. Vice President January 20, 2021, with the tie-breaking vote.
  5. ^ There was 1 Libertarian at the end of the previous Congress.
  6. ^ a b In Louisiana's 5th district: member elect Luke Letlow (R) died December 29, 2020, before the term started.[5]
  7. ^ a b In New York's 22nd district: the term began with the previous election disputed.[6]
  8. ^ a b In Louisiana's 2nd district: Cedric Richmond (D) resigned January 15, 2021 to serve in the Biden administration.
  9. ^ a b c d Caucuses with Democrats.
  10. ^ a b c d e f The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  11. ^ Miller-Meeks was conditionally seated with the rest of the 117th Congress, pending the challenge by her opponent Rita Hart.[17]
  12. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.
  13. ^ The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.


  1. ^ Werner, Erica; Gardner, Amy (January 19, 2021). "Georgia certifies Ossoff and Warnock victories, paving way for Democratic control of Senate". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  2. ^ Janes, Chelsea. "Kamala Harris resigns her Senate seat". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  3. ^ Bluestein, Greg; Journal-Constitution, The Atlanta. "Georgia U.S. Senate results certified; Ossoff and Warnock set to take office Wednesday". ajc. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  4. ^ "Kamala Harris to swear in Alex Padilla to Senate after inauguration". January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Hilburn, Greg (December 30, 2020). "Here's how the late Luke Letlow's congressional seat will be filled following his COVID death". The News-Star. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  6. ^ "NY-22 house seat to become vacant Jan. 3 with court case continuing into 2021". December 21, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Swanson, Ian (November 10, 2020). "Senate Democrats reelect Schumer as leader by acclamation". TheHill. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Balluck, Kyle (November 10, 2020). "McConnell reelected as Senate GOP leader". TheHill. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "Senate Leadership Elections |".
  10. ^ a b c d e Treene, Alayna. "Nancy Pelosi re-elected as House Democratic leader". Axios.
  11. ^ Balluck, Kyle (November 19, 2020). "House Democrats pick Aguilar as No. 6 leader in next Congress". TheHill. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
  12. ^ Ferris, Sarah; Mutnick, Ally (December 3, 2020). "Democrats elect Rep. Sean Patrick Maloney to lead campaign arm". POLITICO. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  13. ^ Zanona, Melanie (November 20, 2020). "Huddle: Trump's cronies hold steady". POLITICO. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  14. ^ a b McPherson, Lindsey (November 19, 2020). "House Democrats elect Aguilar, Allred in contested leadership elections". Roll Call. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  15. ^ a b Clyburn, Jim. "Whip Clyburn Announces Chief Deputy Whips for 117th Congress". House Majority Whip. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Bresnahan, John; Zanona, Melanie (November 17, 2020). "McCarthy heads into next Congress with eye on speaker's gavel". POLITICO. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  17. ^ Barton, Tom (January 5, 2021). "'States select electors, Congress does not': Miller-Meeks to vote to accept Biden win". The Quad-City Times. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  18. ^ a b Murphy, Paul (November 16, 2020). "Cedric Richmond will be Senior Advisor to the President; to resign House seat before inauguration". WWL-TV. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  19. ^ "Special Election - U.S. House of Representatives Second Congressional District" (PDF). State of Louisiana. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  20. ^ a b Boyd, Dan; Boetel, Ryan. "Breaking: Haaland reportedly picked as Biden's interior secretary". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  21. ^ a b Nichola, Hans (December 8, 2020). "Biden to pick Vilsack for agriculture secretary, Fudge for HUD". Axios. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  22. ^ "U.S. Senate: Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper". Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  23. ^ "Sergeant at Arms". Retrieved January 16, 2021.