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117th United States Congress

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117th United States Congress
116th ←
→ 118th
Capitol building with stairs.jpg

January 3, 2021 – January 3, 2023
Members100 senators
435 representatives
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican[a]
(until at least January 20, 2021)
(no sooner than January 20, 2021)
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
(until January 20, 2021)
Kamala Harris (D)
(from January 20, 2021)
House MajorityDemocratic
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
1st: January 3, 2021 – present

The 117th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2021, during the final weeks of Donald Trump's presidency, and will end on January 3, 2023. It will meet during the first two years of Joe Biden's presidency.

The 2020 elections decided control of both houses. In the House, the Democratic Party retained their majority. In the Senate, out of 100 seats, Republicans will hold 50, Democrats will hold 48, and Independents caucusing with the Democrats will hold 2. With the tie-breaking vote of newly elected Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, who will take office on January 20, 2021, the Democratic caucus will control the Senate, no sooner than January 20, 2021.

Major events

Construction of the inaugural platform at the U.S. Capitol

Major legislation


Proposed (but not enacted)

Major resolutions


  • H.Res. 21: Calling on Vice President Michael R. Pence to convene and mobilize the principal officers of the executive departments of the Cabinet to activate section 4 of the 25th Amendment to declare President Donald J. Trump incapable of executing the duties of his office and to immediately exercise powers as acting President.[2]
  • H.Res. 24 (Second impeachment of Donald Trump): Impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors.[3]


  • H.Con.Res. 1: Regarding consent to assemble outside the seat of government
  • H.Res. 14: Censuring and condemning President Donald J. Trump for attempting to overturn the results of the November 2020 presidential election in the State of Georgia
  • H.Res. 25: Directing the Committee on Ethics to investigate, and issue a report on, whether any and all actions taken by Members of the 117th Congress who sought to overturn the 2020 Presidential election violated their oath of office to uphold the Constitution or the Rules of the House of Representatives, and should face sanction, including removal from the House of Representatives.

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent
(caucusing with
End of previous Congress 46 2 52 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2021)[a] 46 2 51 99 1
TBD[b] 48 2 50 100 0
Latest voting share 48.5% 51.5%  

House of Representatives

(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Republican Other
End of previous Congress 233 195 2[c] 430 5
Begin (January 3, 2021)[d][e] 222 211 0 433 2
January 15, 2021[f] 221 211 0 432 3
Latest voting share 51.2% 48.8% 0.0%  
Non-voting members 3 2 1[g] 6 0


Note: Democrats refer to themselves as a "Caucus"; Republicans refer to themselves as a "Conference".


Senate President
Mike Pence
Mike Pence (R),
until January 20, 2021
Kamala Harris (D),
from January 20, 2021
Senate President pro tempore


Republican leadership
Democratic leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker


Majority (Democratic) Leadership

Minority (Republican) Leadership



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 senators are in the middle of their term (2019–2025), having been elected in 2018 and facing re-election in 2024. Class 2 senators are at the beginning of their term (2021–2027), having been elected in 2020. Class 3 senators are at the end of their term (2017–2023), facing re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

All 435 seats were filled by election in November 2020.

Changes in membership


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[j]
Vacant Republican David Perdue's term expired on January 3, 2021, before a runoff election could be held.
Successor elected January 5, 2021.[a]
Jon Ossoff
Kelly Loeffler
Appointment expiring following a special election.
Successor elected January 5, 2021.
Raphael Warnock
Kamala Harris
Incumbent will resign by January 20, 2021, to become U.S. Vice President.
An interim successor will continue the term. It is not clear if the Governor of California will also call a special election to finish the term.[17]
Alex Padilla

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[j]
Louisiana 5 Vacant Member-elect Luke Letlow (R) died December 29, 2020, before his term started.
A special election will be held March 20, 2021.[15]
New York 22 Vacant Anthony Brindisi's (D) term expired on January 3, 2021, and the seat will remain vacant while votes from the 2020 election are being reviewed by a judge. TBD TBD
Louisiana 2 Cedric Richmond
Resigned January 15, 2021, to become Senior Advisor to the President and director of the Office of Public Liaison.[18][19]
A special election will be held March 20, 2021.[18]
New Mexico 1 Deb Haaland
Incumbent expected to resign to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.[20]
A special election would then be held on a date TBD.[20]
Ohio 11 Marcia Fudge
Incumbent expected to resign to become U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.[21]
A special election would then be held on a date TBD.[21]


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed by chamber and then alphabetically by committee name, including chair and ranking member.


Committee Chair Ranking Member
Aging (Special) TBD TBD
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry TBD TBD
Appropriations TBD TBD
Armed Services TBD TBD
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs TBD TBD
Budget Bernie Sanders (I-VT) TBD
Commerce, Science and Transportation TBD TBD
Energy and Natural Resources TBD TBD
Environment and Public Works TBD TBD
Ethics (Select) TBD TBD
Finance TBD TBD
Foreign Relations TBD TBD
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Patty Murray (D-WA) TBD
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs TBD TBD
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) TBD TBD
Intelligence (Select) TBD TBD
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) TBD TBD
Judiciary TBD TBD
Rules and Administration TBD TBD
Small Business and Entrepreneurship TBD TBD
Veterans' Affairs TBD TBD

House of Representatives

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture David Scott (D-GA) Glenn Thompson (R-PA)
Appropriations Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Jason Smith (R-MO)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) TBD
Economic Disparity and Fairness in Growth (Select) TBD TBD
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-WA)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) TBD
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Gregory Meeks (D-NY) Mike McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) John Katko (R-NY)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) TBD
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Judiciary Jerry Nadler (D-NY) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) TBD
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Bruce Westerman (R-AR)
Oversight and Reform Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) Jim Comer (R-KY)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) TBD
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-MO)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Mike Bost (R-IL)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)


Committee Chair Vice Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
Inaugural Ceremonies (Special) Sen. Roy Blunt (R-MO) Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Library Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) TBD TBD TBD
Printing TBD Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) TBD TBD
Taxation[k] Rep. Richard Neal (D-MA) TBD TBD Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Officers and Officials


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e The Congress began on January 3, 2021, with 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats (including 2 independents who caucus with the Democrats) and 1 vacancy. Georgia's class 2 seat is vacant from the beginning of the session until Democrat Jon Ossoff is seated following his win in the runoff election on January 5, 2021. Republican Kelly Loeffler, who was appointed to fill the remainder of Johnny Isakson's term for the state's class 3 seat, did not have to vacate her seat and has continued to serve until Democrat Raphael Warnock is certified as the winner of the runoff of the special election. The deadline for Georgia to certify results is January 15. However, the Georgia Secretary of State may choose to extend this certification date to complete an audit.[1]
  2. ^ a b In Georgia: Jon Ossoff (D) will serve as the class 2 senator following the regular election, and Raphael Warnock (D) will replace interim appointee Kelly Loeffler (R) following a special election. At this point, the majority will be held by the Vice President of the United States's party (before January 20: Republican; after January 20: Democratic)
  3. ^ There was 1 Independent and 1 Libertarian at the end of the previous Congress
  4. ^ In Louisiana's 5th district, member elect Luke Letlow (R) died December 29, 2020, before the term started.
  5. ^ In New York's 22nd district, the term began with the previous election disputed.
  6. ^ In Louisiana's 2nd district: Cedric Richmond (D) resigned January 15, 2021
  7. ^ a b c d Caucuses with Democrats.
  8. ^ a b c d e f The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  9. ^ Miller-Meeks was conditionally seated with the rest of the 117th Congress, pending the challenge by her opponent Rita Hart.[14]
  10. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.
  11. ^ The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.


  1. ^ "Georgia Code Title 21. Elections § 21-2-493". Retrieved December 31, 2020.[original research?]
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d e f Balluck, Kyle (November 10, 2020). "McConnell reelected as Senate GOP leader". TheHill. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  5. ^ "Senate Leadership Elections |".
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Swanson, Ian (November 10, 2020). "Senate Democrats reelect Schumer as leader by acclamation". TheHill. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e Treene, Alayna. "Nancy Pelosi re-elected as House Democratic leader". Axios.
  8. ^ Balluck, Kyle (November 19, 2020). "House Democrats pick Aguilar as No. 6 leader in next Congress". TheHill. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
  9. ^ Ferris, Sarah; Mutnick, Ally (December 3, 2020). "Democrats elect Rep. Sean Patrick Maloney to lead campaign arm". POLITICO. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
  10. ^ Zanona, Melanie (November 20, 2020). "Huddle: Trump's cronies hold steady". POLITICO. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  11. ^ a b McPherson, Lindsey (November 19, 2020). "House Democrats elect Aguilar, Allred in contested leadership elections". Roll Call. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  12. ^ a b Clyburn, Jim. "Whip Clyburn Announces Chief Deputy Whips for 117th Congress". House Majority Whip. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Bresnahan, John; Zanona, Melanie (November 17, 2020). "McCarthy heads into next Congress with eye on speaker's gavel". POLITICO. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  14. ^ "'States select electors, Congress does not': Miller-Meeks to vote to accept Biden win". Quad-City Times. January 5, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  15. ^ a b Hilburn, Greg (December 30, 2020). "Here's how the late Luke Letlow's congressional seat will be filled following his COVID death". The News-Star. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  16. ^ "NY-22 house seat to become vacant Jan. 3 with court case continuing into 2021". December 21, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  17. ^ Bowman, Bridget (November 7, 2020). "Win by Biden and Harris opens up California Senate seat". Roll Call. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  18. ^ a b Murphy, Paul (November 16, 2020). "Cedric Richmond will be Senior Advisor to the President; to resign House seat before inauguration". WWL-TV. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
  19. ^ "Special Election - U.S. House of Representatives Second Congressional District" (PDF). State of Louisiana. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  20. ^ a b Chief, Dan Boyd | Journal Capitol Bureau. "Breaking: Haaland reportedly picked as Biden's interior secretary". Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  21. ^ a b Nichola, Hans (December 8, 2020). "Biden to pick Vilsack for agriculture secretary, Fudge for HUD". Axios. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  22. ^ "U.S. Senate: Office of the Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper". Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  23. ^ "Sergeant at Arms". Retrieved January 16, 2021.