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- During the third year of the Jishō era of Japan, a devastating whirlwind damages Kyoto.
- Emperor Antoku succeeds Emperor Takakura, as emperor of Japan.
- Prince Mochihito amasses a large army, and instigates the Genpei War between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
- Kilij Arslan II allies with Saladin, after the death of Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos.
- April 13 – Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter.
- September 24 – Alexios II Komnenos succeeds as Byzantine Emperor, on the death of his father Manuel I Komnenos.
- September 18 – Philip II becomes King of France.
- Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of León.
- The Portuguese admiral D. Fuas Roupinho wins a second victory in two years, against the Almohad fleet.
- Artois is annexed by France.
- Frederick Barbarossa removes Henry the Lion from the Duchy of Saxony, and creates the Duchies of Westphalia and Styria.
- The Wittelsbach Family takes control of Bavaria.
- Alexander Neckam becomes a lecturer in Paris, and writes De Natura Rerum, an early mention of chess (approximate date).
- Estimation: Hangzhou, capital of Southern Song China, becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Fes in the Almohad Empire.
- August 6 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
- Berengaria of Castile, queen of Alfonso IX of Castile (d. 1246)
- Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier (d. 1230)
- King Eric X of Sweden (d. 1216) (possible date)
- Xia Gui, Chinese painter (d. c. 1230) (approximate date)
- March 30 – Al-Mustadi, Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad (b. 1142)
- September 18 – King Louis VII of France (b. 1120)
- September 24 – Manuel I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
- October 25 – John of Salisbury, French bishop (b. c. 1120)
- Abraham ibn Daud, Spanish-Jewish philosopher (martyred) (b. c. 1120)
- Roman I of Kiev
- Yaroslav II of Kiev
- Prince Mochihito, son of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan
- Minamoto no Yorimasa, Japanese samurai (b. 1106)
- Zhu Shuzhen, Chinese poet (b. c. 1135)
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- Geography at about.com