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1185 ( ) was a MCLXXXV common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
By area [ edit ]
British isles [ edit ]
Henry II of England knights his heir John of England, and sends him to Ireland to enforce English control. According to Gerald of Wales, the only witness to chronicle the expedition, it is a disaster in which money is wasted on alcohol, and the Irish chieftains are scorned into uniting against a common enemy. By the end of the year, John has returned to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry gets him named King of Ireland by Pope Urban III, and procures a golden crown with peacock feathers. 
Templars settle in London and begin building the New Temple Church.
Eastern Europe [ edit ]
By topic [ edit ]
Astronomy [ edit ]
Markets [ edit ]
Religion [ edit ]
March 16 – Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (b. 1161)
April 25 – Emperor Antoku of Japan (b. 1178)
June 16 – Richeza of Poland, Queen of Castile (b. c. 1140)
June 19 – Taira no Munemori, Japanese soldier (b. 1147)
July 18 – Stefan, first Archbishop of Uppsala (b. before 1143)
September 11 – Stephen Hagiochristophorites, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire (b. c. 1130)
September 12 – Andronikos I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (b. c. 1118)
November 25 – Pope Lucius III (b. 1097)
December 6 – King Afonso I of Portugal (b. 1109) Gillchreest
MacCathmhaoil, Irish Head Chieftain of Cineal Fereadaidh, clan Aongus, clan Dubhinreacht, clan Fogarty O'Ceannfhoda, and clan Colla
Taira no Noritsune, Japanese soldier (b. 1160)
Taira no Shigehira, Japanese soldier (b. 1158)
Taira no Tomomori, Japanese soldier (b. 1152)
Ibn Tufail, Arab philosopher, physician, and courtier (b. c. 1105)
References [ edit ]
^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
^ King John by Warren. University of California Press, 1961. p. 35
^ Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). . Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 100. The Normans and their adversaries at war ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).