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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1185 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1185
Ab urbe condita1938
Armenian calendar634
Assyrian calendar5935
Balinese saka calendar1106–1107
Bengali calendar592
Berber calendar2135
English Regnal year31 Hen. 2 – 32 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1729
Burmese calendar547
Byzantine calendar6693–6694
Chinese calendar甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
3881 or 3821
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3882 or 3822
Coptic calendar901–902
Discordian calendar2351
Ethiopian calendar1177–1178
Hebrew calendar4945–4946
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1241–1242
 - Shaka Samvat1106–1107
 - Kali Yuga4285–4286
Holocene calendar11185
Igbo calendar185–186
Iranian calendar563–564
Islamic calendar580–581
Japanese calendarGenryaku 2 / Bunji 1
Javanese calendar1092–1093
Julian calendar1185
Korean calendar3518
Minguo calendar727 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−283
Seleucid era1496/1497 AG
Thai solar calendar1727–1728
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1311 or 930 or 158
    — to —
(female Wood-Snake)
1312 or 931 or 159

Battle of Dan-no-Ura in Honshu (1185).

Year 1185 (MCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]


British Isles[edit]

  • April 25John's first expedition to Ireland: King Henry II of England knights his son and heir, the 18-year-old Prince John, newly created Lord of Ireland, and sends him to Ireland, accompanied by 300 knights and a team of administrators to enforce English control. Landing at Waterford, he treats the local Irish rulers with contempt, making fun of their unfashionable long beards. Also failing to make allies amongst the Anglo-Norman settlers, the English army is unable to subdue the Irish fighters in unfamiliar conditions and the expedition soon becomes a complete disaster. In December, John returns to England in defeat. Nonetheless, Henry gets him named 'King of Ireland' by Pope Urban III and procures a golden crown with peacock feathers.[5]
  • April 151185 East Midlands earthquake occurs. It is the first earthquake in England for which there are reliable reports indicating the damage, which includes destruction of Lincoln Cathedral.[6]




By topic[edit]



  • Evidence is first uncovered that Henry II of England is using the safes of the Temple Church in London (consecrated February 10), under the guard of the Knights Templar, to store part of his treasure.[10]





  1. ^ Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). The Normans and their adversaries at war. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 100. ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 349–350. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 362. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 362–363. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ Warren, W. Lewis (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 35.
  6. ^ Musson, RMW (2014). "Earthquake Catalogue of Great Britain and surroundings". European Archive of Historical Earthquake Data. British Geological Survey. p. 36. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  7. ^ Baldwin, John W. (1991). The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages, p. 3. University of California Press. ISBN 0520073916.
  8. ^ Williams, Hywell (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 128. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  9. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  10. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". The American Historical Review. 8 (1): 1–17. doi:10.2307/1832571. JSTOR 1832571.
  11. ^ "Antoku | emperor of Japan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 15, 2021.