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- Saladin unsuccessfully besieges the Hospitaller fortress of Krak des Chevaliers, in modern Syria.
- Newgate Prison is built in London.
- Richard Lionheart allies with Philip II of France against his father, Henry II of England.
- Giraldus Cambrensis and Baldwin of Exeter travel through Wales, attempting to recruit men for the Third Crusade.
- The "Saladin tithe" is levied in England.
- Alfonso IX of León becomes king of Leon.
- Queen Tamar of Georgia marries David Soslan.
- The legendary Cutting of the elm occurs at Gisors, in Normandy.
- Alfonso IX of León convenes at the Basilica of San Isidoro the Cortes of León, with representatives of the nobility, clergy and towns. These Corteses are considered to be the first parliament in Europe.
- January 22 – Ferdinand II of León (b. 1137)
- October 11 – Robert I, Count of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France (b. c. 1123)
- November 17 – Usama ibn Munqidh, Arab chronicler (b. 1095)
- Aoife MacMurrough, Irish noble, Lady of Leinster (b. 1145)