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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1189 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1189
Ab urbe condita1942
Armenian calendar638
Assyrian calendar5939
Balinese saka calendar1110–1111
Bengali calendar596
Berber calendar2139
English Regnal year35 Hen. 2 – 1 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1733
Burmese calendar551
Byzantine calendar6697–6698
Chinese calendar戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
3886 or 3679
    — to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3887 or 3680
Coptic calendar905–906
Discordian calendar2355
Ethiopian calendar1181–1182
Hebrew calendar4949–4950
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1245–1246
 - Shaka Samvat1110–1111
 - Kali Yuga4289–4290
Holocene calendar11189
Igbo calendar189–190
Iranian calendar567–568
Islamic calendar584–585
Japanese calendarBunji 5
Javanese calendar1096–1097
Julian calendar1189
Korean calendar3522
Minguo calendar723 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−279
Seleucid era1500/1501 AG
Thai solar calendar1731–1732
Tibetan calendar阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1315 or 934 or 162
    — to —
(female Earth-Rooster)
1316 or 935 or 163
Richard I, King of England from 1189

Year 1189 (MCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In English law, 1189 - specifically the beginning of the reign of Richard I - is considered the end of time immemorial.


By place[edit]

Continental Europe[edit]



  • May – Saladin has reconquered the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem except for Tyre. The castles of Montréal and Kerak are captured by Muslim forces. In the north, Saladin has regained the Principality of Antioch except for Antioch and the castle of Al-Qusayr in Syria.[8]
  • August 28Siege of Acre: King Guy of Lusignan moves from Tyre, where Conrad of Montferrat refuses to hand over the city. Guy and his crusader army (some 7,000 men, including 400 knights) besiege Acre. He makes camp outside, to wait for more reinforcements.[9]
  • September – Guy of Lusignan receives reinforcements of some 12,000 men from Denmark, Germany, England, France, and Flanders. He encircles Acre with a double line of fortified positions. On September 15, Saladin launches a failed attack on Guy's camp.[10]
  • October 4 – Guy of Lusignan leads the crusader forces to launch a full-on assault on Saladin's camp. With heavy casualties on both sides, neither force gains the upperhand. On October 26, Saladin moves his camp from Acre to Mount Carmel (modern Israel).[11]
  • October 30 – An Egyptian fleet (some 50 ships) breaks through the crusader blockade at Acre and reinforces the port-city with some 10,000 men, as well as food and weapons.
  • December – An Egyptian fleet reopens communications with Acre. The rest of the winter passes without major incidents, but the supply situation is poor in the besieged city.





  1. ^ Freed, John (2016). Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth, pp. 491–492. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-122763.
  2. ^ a b c Warren, W. Lewis (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 38–40.
  3. ^ Treadgold, Warren (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society, p. 658. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-2630-2.
  4. ^ Charles Wendell David, ed. Narratio de Itinere Navali Peregrinorum Hierosolymam Tendentium et Silviam Capientium, A.D. 1189. In Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, p. 81. (Dec., 1939): 591–676.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1990). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East 1100–1187, p. 403. Penguin Books.
  6. ^ Verg, Erich; Verg, Martin (2007), Das Abenteuer das Hamburg heißt (in German) (4th ed.), Hamburg: Ellert&Richter, ISBN 978-3-8319-0137-1
  7. ^ Gosling, Paul (1991). From Dún Delca to Dundalk: The Topography and Archaeology of a Medieval Frontier Town A.D. c. 1187–1700., p. 237. Journal of the County Louth Archaeological and Historical Society.
  8. ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Command 12 – Saladin, p. 37. ISBN 978-1-84908-317-1.
  9. ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Command 12 – Saladin, p. 40. ISBN 978-1-84908-317-1.
  10. ^ Cartwright, Mark (2018). The Siege of Acre, 1189–91 CE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1263/
  11. ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Command 12 – Saladin, p. 38. ISBN 978-1-84908-317-1.
  12. ^ Xiong, Victor Cunrui; Hammond, Kenneth J. (2018). Routledge Handbook of Imperial Chinese History, p. 302. ISBN 978-1317-53-822-6.
  13. ^ "Henry II | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved July 8, 2022.