1190s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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Events[edit]

1190


By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]
Education[edit]
Religion[edit]

1191


By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Technology[edit]
  • The first reference to a windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East, during the middle 9th Century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.
Religion[edit]


1192

1193


1194

1195


1196

  • The first recorded use is made of "Katherine", as a female first name in England.

1197


By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Market[edit]
  • Rainy weather causes the harvest to fail in western Europe. One of the worst famines of the century ensues.[17]
Religion[edit]


1198

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


1199


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  2. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  3. ^ Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9. 
  5. ^ Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley. Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7. 
  6. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 44. 
  7. ^ Allen, Charles (2002). The Buddha and the Sahibs. 
  8. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9. 
  9. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  10. ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  11. ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3. 
  12. ^ Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303. 
  13. ^ Baldwin, John (2006). Paris 1200. Paris: Aubier. p. 53. 
  14. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 60
  15. ^ Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pp 21
  16. ^ Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon. 
  17. ^ Chester Jordan, William (1997). The great famine: northern Europe in the early fourteenth century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05891-1. 
  18. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 47
  19. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 62
  20. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 124
  21. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 63
  22. ^ Warren, Lewis (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 48.