1190s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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The 1190s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1190, and ended on December 31, 1199.

Events[edit]

1190

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]
Education[edit]
Religion[edit]

1191[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Technology[edit]
  • The first reference to a windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East, during the middle 9th Century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.
Religion[edit]

1192[edit]

1193[edit]

1194[edit]

1195[edit]

1196[edit]

1197[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1198[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

1199[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
  2. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  3. ^ Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  5. ^ Georg Haggren; Petri Halinen; Mika Lavento; Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. p. 380.
  6. ^ Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley (ed.). Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7.
  7. ^ "Assorted planetary/lunar events: Mutual planetary events, -1000 to +6000". www.projectpluto.com. 17 August 1998. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  8. ^ Daftary, Farhad; Sacy, Antoine Isaac Baron Silvestre de (1994). The Assassin Legends: Myths of the Isma'ilis. London, New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 72. ISBN 9781850437055.
  9. ^ Deal, William E. (2007) [2005]. Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 37. ISBN 9780195331264.
  10. ^ Krenner, Walther G. von; Jeremiah, Ken (2015). Creatures Real and Imaginary in Chinese and Japanese Art: An Identification Guide. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. pp. 135–136. ISBN 9781476619583.
  11. ^ Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (2008). History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 210. ISBN 9788126900275.
  12. ^ Aldrich, M. A. (2006). The Search for a Vanishing Beijing: A Guide to China's Capital Through the Ages. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. p. 286. ISBN 9789622097773.
  13. ^ Hughes, Philip (1979) [1935]. History of the Church. Volume 2: The Church In The World The Church Created: Augustine To Aquinas. London: A&C Black. p. 317. ISBN 9780722079829.
  14. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 44.
  15. ^ Allen, Charles (2002). The Buddha and the Sahibs.
  16. ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
  17. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  18. ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  19. ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
  20. ^ Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303.
  21. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 60
  22. ^ Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pp 21
  23. ^ Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon.
  24. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 47
  25. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 62
  26. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 124
  27. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 63
  28. ^ Warren, Lewis (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 48.