1191

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1191 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1191
MCXCI
Ab urbe condita 1944
Armenian calendar 640
ԹՎ ՈԽ
Assyrian calendar 5941
Balinese saka calendar 1112–1113
Bengali calendar 598
Berber calendar 2141
English Regnal year Ric. 1 – 3 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar 1735
Burmese calendar 553
Byzantine calendar 6699–6700
Chinese calendar 庚戌(Metal Dog)
3887 or 3827
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3888 or 3828
Coptic calendar 907–908
Discordian calendar 2357
Ethiopian calendar 1183–1184
Hebrew calendar 4951–4952
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1247–1248
 - Shaka Samvat 1112–1113
 - Kali Yuga 4291–4292
Holocene calendar 11191
Igbo calendar 191–192
Iranian calendar 569–570
Islamic calendar 586–587
Japanese calendar Kenkyū 2
(建久2年)
Javanese calendar 1098–1099
Julian calendar 1191
MCXCI
Korean calendar 3524
Minguo calendar 721 before ROC
民前721年
Nanakshahi calendar −277
Seleucid era 1502/1503 AG
Thai solar calendar 1733–1734
Tibetan calendar 阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1317 or 936 or 164
    — to —
阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1318 or 937 or 165

Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Technology[edit]

  • The first reference to a windmill in Europe is made by a Dean Herbert of East Anglia, whose mills are supposedly in competition with the abbey of Bury St. Edmunds. This is probably an invention imported from interaction with the Muslim world, since the first windmills were most likely innovated from the Bana Musa brothers in the Islamic Middle East, during the middle 9th Century. The windmill will spread in the other direction, to be introduced to China by as early as 1219.

Religion[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

In fiction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43
  2. ^ Jean-Claude Maire Vigueur (2010) L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains à l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. pp.316.
  3. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  4. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9. 
  5. ^ Georg Haggren, Petri Halinen, Mika Lavento, Sami Raninen ja Anna Wessman (2015). Muinaisuutemme jäljet. Helsinki: Gaudeamus. p. 380. 
  6. ^ Grandsen, Antonia (2001). "The Growth of Glastonbury Traditions and Legends in the Twelfth Century". In J. P. Carley. Glastonbury Abbey and the Arthurian tradition. Boydell & Brewer. p. 43. ISBN 0-85991-572-7.