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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1193 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1193
Ab urbe condita1946
Armenian calendar642
Assyrian calendar5943
Balinese saka calendar1114–1115
Bengali calendar600
Berber calendar2143
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 5 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1737
Burmese calendar555
Byzantine calendar6701–6702
Chinese calendar壬子年 (Water Rat)
3890 or 3683
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
3891 or 3684
Coptic calendar909–910
Discordian calendar2359
Ethiopian calendar1185–1186
Hebrew calendar4953–4954
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1249–1250
 - Shaka Samvat1114–1115
 - Kali Yuga4293–4294
Holocene calendar11193
Igbo calendar193–194
Iranian calendar571–572
Islamic calendar588–590
Japanese calendarKenkyū 4
Javanese calendar1100–1101
Julian calendar1193
Korean calendar3526
Minguo calendar719 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−275
Seleucid era1504/1505 AG
Thai solar calendar1735–1736
Tibetan calendar阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
1319 or 938 or 166
    — to —
(female Water-Ox)
1320 or 939 or 167
Saladin (the Lion) (1137–1193)

Year 1193 (MCXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • March 4Saladin (the Lion) dies of a fever at Damascus. The lands of the Ayyubid Dynasty of Syria and Egypt are split among his relatives. During his reign, he briefly unites the Muslim world, and drives the Crusaders out of Jerusalem to a narrow strip of coast. At the time of his death, Saladin has seventeen sons and one little daughter. Al-Afdal succeeds his father as ruler (emir) of Damascus, and inherits the headship of the Ayyubid family. His younger brother, the 22-year-old Al-Aziz, proclaims himself as independent sultan of Egypt. Al-Zahir receives Aleppo (with lands in northern Syria), and Turan-Shah receives Yemen. The other dominions and fiefs in the Oultrejordain (also called Lordship of Montréal) are divided between his sons and the two remaining brothers of Saladin.[1]
  • May – The Pisan colony at Tyre plots to seize the city, and hand it over to Guy of Lusignan – the ruler of Cyprus. King Henry I of Jerusalem arrests the ringleaders, and orders that the colony be reduced to only 30 people. The Pisans retaliate, by raiding the coastal villages between Tyre and Acre.[2]






  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 70. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 44.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ingeborg" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 14 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 563.
  5. ^ Allen, Charles (2002). The Buddha and the Sahibs.