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Year 1194 (MCXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- February 4 – King Richard I of England is ransomed from Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
- c. February 10 – Henry Marshal is nominated Bishop of Exeter in England.
- March 10 – Sultan Toghrul III is defeated and killed in battle with Ala ad-Din Tekish, near Rey in Persia, ending the Seljuq Dynasty of Hamedan; the Great Seljuq Empire passes to the Khwarazmian Dynasty.
- March 12–28 – King Richard returns to England and besieges Nottingham Castle, to reclaim it from his brother John.
- April 17 – Richard I is crowned for the second time at Winchester.
- May 2 – The port of Portsmouth in England is granted a Royal Charter.
- May 12 – After settling affairs in England, Richard I leaves for Barfleur in Normandy, to reclaim lands lost to Philip II of France.
- June 10 – A fire at Chartres Cathedral leads to the start of its rebuilding.
- July 3 – Battle of Fréteval: Richard I of England reconquers his French fiefdoms from Philip II.
- July 5 – Emperor Guangzong of Song China is forced to give up his throne.
- November 20 – Palermo in Sicily falls to Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
- December 25 – Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily.
- The Danes attack Estonia.
- Ordinance of the Jewry in England: Strict records are to be kept of financial transactions by Jews in England, for taxation purposes.
- The Yellow River of China experiences a major course change, taking over the Huai River drainage system for the next 700 years.
- A three-year famine begins in Northern France, due to catastrophic rains and hail storms. 
- Hunac Ceel drives the Itza out of Chichen Itza, forcing them to start the Itza Kingdom on Lake Peten Itza.
- ^ Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
- ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- ^ Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
- ^ Grousset, René (1959). The Rise and Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 303.
- ^ Baldwin, John (2006). Paris 1200. Paris: Aubier. p. 53.