1190s in England
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1195 in England)
|1190s in England:|
|1170s | 1180s | 1190s | 1200s | 1210s|
Events from the 1190s in England.
- 6 February – Massacre of almost all Jews in Norwich.
- 7 March – Massacre of Jews at Stamford Fair.
- 16 March – A mob besieges 150 Jews in York Castle, killing those who do not commit suicide.
- 18 March – Massacre of 57 Jews at Bury St. Edmunds.
- 4 July – Kings Richard I of England and Philip II of France set out from France to join the Third Crusade.
- Summer – William Longchamp arrests his co-regent Hugh de Puiset and rules alone as Lord Chancellor, Justiciar, and papal legate.
- First known foreign scholar commences study at what will become the University of Oxford, Emo of Friesland.
- 12 May – Richard I marries Berengaria of Navarre.
- 12 July – Third Crusade: Siege of Acre ends with a crusader victory led by Philip II and Richard I.
- 7 September – Third Crusade: Richard defeats Saladin at the Battle of Arsuf.
- October – Prince John of England deposes William Longchamp.
- 27 November – Reginald fitz Jocelin elected Archbishop of Canterbury but dies before being consecrated.
- Monks at Glastonbury Abbey claim to have found the tomb of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere.
- 5 August – Third Crusade: Richard defeats Saladin at the Battle of Jaffa.
- 2 September – Treaty of Jaffa between Richard and Saladin allows Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem and ends the Third Crusade.
- 11 December – Returning from the Crusade, Richard is taken prisoner by Leopold V, Duke of Austria.
- Prince John recognised as heir to the throne, and takes control of the royal castles at Windsor and Wallingford.
- Rebuilding of Lincoln Cathedral begins.
- Richard of Devizes composes Chronicon de rebus gestis Ricardi Primi.
- 4 February – Richard I ransomed from captivity.
- c. 10 February – Henry Marshal is nominated Bishop of Exeter.
- 12 March–28 March – Richard returns to England and besieges Nottingham Castle to reclaim it from his brother John.
- 17 April – Second coronation of Richard I at Winchester.
- 2 May – Portsmouth granted a Royal Charter.
- 12 May – After settling affairs in England, Richard I leaves for Barfleur in Normandy to reclaim lands lost to Philip II of France.
- 3 July – Battle of Fréteval: Richard I reconquers his French fiefdoms from Philip II.
- Hubert Walter appointed as Justiciar.
- Hubert Walter establishes the office of coroner.
- Ordinance of the Jewry: Strict records are to be kept of financial transactions by Jews in England for taxation purposes.
- 13 January – Short-lived truce between England and France.
- 6 April – King Richard I dies of a wound received at the siege of the castle of Châlus in France.
- 27 May – Coronation of King John of England, Richard's brother.
- Hubert Walter appointed as Lord Chancellor.
- King Philip II of France renews his war against England, supporting the rival claim to the English throne of Arthur of Brittany.
- St John's Jerusalem at Sutton-at-Hone, Kent, established as a Commandry of the Knights Hospitaller.
- St Laurence's Church, Ludlow, is rebuilt.
- Abbas Benedictus, Abbot of Peterborough
- William Fitz Osbern, London citizen
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 73–75. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 129–131. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Sutton, Ian (1999). Architecture, from Ancient Greece to the Present. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-20316-3.
- Morgan, Kenneth O. (1998). The Oxford Popular History of Britain. Parragon. ISBN 0-7525-2572-7.