1197

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1197 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1197
MCXCVII
Ab urbe condita1950
Armenian calendar646
ԹՎ ՈԽԶ
Assyrian calendar5947
Balinese saka calendar1118–1119
Bengali calendar604
Berber calendar2147
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 9 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1741
Burmese calendar559
Byzantine calendar6705–6706
Chinese calendar丙辰(Fire Dragon)
3893 or 3833
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
3894 or 3834
Coptic calendar913–914
Discordian calendar2363
Ethiopian calendar1189–1190
Hebrew calendar4957–4958
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1253–1254
 - Shaka Samvat1118–1119
 - Kali Yuga4297–4298
Holocene calendar11197
Igbo calendar197–198
Iranian calendar575–576
Islamic calendar593–594
Japanese calendarKenkyū 8
(建久8年)
Javanese calendar1104–1106
Julian calendar1197
MCXCVII
Korean calendar3530
Minguo calendar715 before ROC
民前715年
Nanakshahi calendar−271
Seleucid era1508/1509 AG
Thai solar calendar1739–1740
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1323 or 942 or 170
    — to —
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1324 or 943 or 171
Portrait of Philip of Swabia (1177–1208)

Year 1197 (MCXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

England[edit]

Levant[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • Genghis Khan (or Temüjin) defeats, with help from the Keraites, the Jurchens of the Jin Dynasty. The Jin bestowes Genghis' blood brother Toghrul with the honorable title of Ong Khan, and Genghis receives the lesser title of j'aut quri. During the winter, Toghrul returns and re-establishes himself as leader of the Keraites.[6]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Henry VI died in Messina, poisoned, so it was believed, by his own entourage because of his Italian policy." P. 41 in Kenneth Varty (editor), Reynard the Fox: Social Engagement and Cultural Metamorphoses in the Beast Epic from the Middle Ages to the Present (Berghahn Books, 2000). ISBN 1-57181-737-9.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon.
  4. ^ Sulev Vahtre (2007). Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia, 2007. Printed by "Olion". Pg 21.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 78. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  6. ^ Biran, Michal (2012). Genghis Khan, p. 35. London: Oneworld Publications. ISBN 978-1-78074-204-5.