119 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
119 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar119 BC
Ab urbe condita635
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 205
- PharaohPtolemy VIII Physcon, 27
Ancient Greek era165th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4632
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−711
Berber calendar832
Buddhist calendar426
Burmese calendar−756
Byzantine calendar5390–5391
Chinese calendar辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
2578 or 2518
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2579 or 2519
Coptic calendar−402 – −401
Discordian calendar1048
Ethiopian calendar−126 – −125
Hebrew calendar3642–3643
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−62 – −61
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2982–2983
Holocene calendar9882
Iranian calendar740 BP – 739 BP
Islamic calendar763 BH – 762 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2215
Minguo calendar2030 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1586
Seleucid era193/194 AG
Thai solar calendar424–425
Tibetan calendar阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
8 or −373 or −1145
    — to —
(male Water-Dog)
9 or −372 or −1144

Year 119 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Dalmaticus and Cotta (or, less frequently, year 635 Ab urbe condita) and the Fourth Year of Yuanshou. The denomination 119 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]


  • Battle of Mobei: Wei Qing crosses the Gobi Desert, defeats Yizhixie Chanyu and kills or captures 19,000 Xiongnu.
  • Huo Qubing crosses the eastern Gobi, defeats and executes Bijuqi, defeats the Tuqi (Worthy Prince) of the Left (East), and captures three kings. He reaches as far as Lake Baikal.
  • Failing to reconnoiter with Wei Qing's army, general Li Guang commits suicide after learning that Wei has prepared charges against him.
  • Emperor Wu creates the rank of Grand Marshal and gives it to both Wei Qing and Huo Qubing, thereby making Huo's rank and salary equal to that of Wei.
  • Emperor Wu suspends further campaigning against the Xiongnu due to a shortage of horses.[1][2]
  • Government monopolies are established in iron, salt and liquor.




  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 164–168. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  2. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Xiongnu, Section: Wei Qing & Huo Qubing.