John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
The Duke of Marlborough
Portrait in 1984 by Allan Warren
|Member of the House of Lords
as Duke of Marlborough
10 March 1972 – 11 November 1999
|Preceded by||John Spencer-Churchill|
|Succeeded by||House of Lords Act 1999|
|Born||John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill
13 April 1926
Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England
|Died||16 October 2014
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, JP, DL (13 April 1926 – 16 October 2014) was a British peer. He was the son of John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough and his wife the Hon. Alexandra Mary Hilda Cadogan. He was known as "Sunny" after his courtesy title of Earl of Sunderland.
He was a relative of the Duke of Devonshire and a generational cousin of the wartime Conservative Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill. He was also a distant relative of Diana, Princess of Wales, as both belonged to the Spencer family, and of the Vanderbilt family through his paternal grandmother, Consuelo Vanderbilt.
His principal seat was Blenheim Palace, in Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He was ranked 224th in the Sunday Times Rich List 2004, with an estimated wealth of £185 million. His death was announced on 16 October 2014 by Blenheim Palace.
Life and work
He was educated at Eton College and served seven years in the Life Guards, in which he achieved the rank of Captain. In 1972, on inheriting the Dukedom of Marlborough, he took over the management of Blenheim Palace and the Blenheim estate.
In order to fund the maintenance of the house, he opened it to visitors and as a film set, and established a number of businesses, including a garden furniture company and a water bottling plant.
He was also active in a range of organisations, including the Thames and Chilterns Tourist Board and Oxford United Football Club. He served as Vice President of Witney Conservatives, the local party of David Cameron.
Marriages and issue
Marlborough was married four times and had a total of six children, two of whom died in infancy.
- John David Ivor Spencer-Churchill, Earl of Sunderland (17 November 1952 – 14 May 1955), a god-son of Princess Margaret
- Charles James Spencer-Churchill, 12th Duke of Marlborough (born 24 November 1955)
- Lady Henrietta Mary Spencer-Churchill (born 7 October 1958)
Thirdly, on 20 May 1972, he married Countess Rosita Douglas-Stjernorp, daughter of ambassador Count Carl Douglas-Stjernorp and Ottora Haas-Heye. They had three children and were divorced on 15 May 2008:
- Lord Richard Spencer-Churchill (born and died 1973)
- Lord Edward Albert Charles Spencer-Churchill (born 1974)
- Lady Alexandra Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill (born 1977)
Finally, at the age of 82, Marlborough married Lily Mahtani (née Sahni; born c. 1954-57 in Iran) November/3 December 2008 in the Private Chapel at Blenheim. She was formerly the wife of Ratan Mahtani, a wealthy Indian expatriate businessman, by whom she had three children. There were no children from this marriage.
Titles and appointments
- Earl of Sunderland (1926–1934)
- Marquess of Blandford (1934–1972)
- His Grace The Duke of Marlborough (1972–2014)
- "Duke of Marlborough dies". Blenheim Palace.
- "The Duke of Marlborough obituary". Guardian. 16 October 2014.
- "-John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Blandford wedding 1951". British Pathe.
- "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Godchildren". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "It's a Sunny day to get divorced". Mail Online. 15 May 2008.
- Richard Kay. "A Sunny day to get married" Daily Mail, 4 December 2008.
- Elizabeth Sanderson "How a Persian beauty reunited the grumpy Duke with black sheep son he disinherited" Daily Mail 17 August 2008. According to this article, the former Lily Sahni is the Persian-born daughter of an Indian businessman associated with the Hinduja family. In 1987, she married Ratan Mahtani, a Nigeria-based Indian industrialist, and divorced him more than ten years before, after having three children with him. Until her relationship with Marlborough, she was best known for her lawsuit against Sarah, Duchess of York for repayment of a loan made in 1994. According to other reports in the Daily Mail, she brought about a reconciliation between her future husband and his eldest son Jamie Blandford, who attended his father's fourth wedding ceremony. More details at the 11th Duke and his marriages Archived 2008-12-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
- Duke of Marlborough on IMDb
- Cast of Branagh's Hamlet
- Elizabeth Sanderson. "How a Persian beauty reunited the grumpy Duke with black sheep son he disinherited" Daily Mail 17 August 2008. The article online also includes photographs of Jamie Spencer-Churchill, Marquess of Blandford, his second wife Edla, and his elder son George.
- James Reginato. "Magnificent Obsession" Vanity Fair June 2011
|Peerage of England|
|Duke of Marlborough