11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
|11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
Two squadron Convair F-106s preparing to land about 1967
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
|Nickname(s)||The Aleutian Tigers (WW II)|
Infirme Ibimus Latin We'll Go Through Hell|
We'll Be There (WW II)
|Patch with 11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (approved 30 November 1954)|
|11th Fighter Squadron emblem (WW II)|
The 11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 343d Fighter Group at Duluth Airport, Minnesota, where it was inactivated on 30 June 1968.
World War II
The squadron was activated as the 11th Pursuit Squadron at Selfridge Field, Michigan in January 1941 as one of the original squadrons of the 50th Pursuit Group. It trained with Vultee BT-13 Valiant and second-line Seversky P-35 Guardsman pursuit fighters at Selfridge. In September, the squadron moved to Key Field, Mississippi, where it equipped with Curtiss P-40 Warhawks.
Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the 11th was dispatched to Elmendorf Field to reinforce the defenses of Alaska against Japanese attack, departing on 19 December. The urgency of the need for reinforcements in Alaska was so great that the squadron was picked even though its pilots were untrained on the flight conditions they could expect to experience in Alaska. Two weeks elapsed before the planes reached the Sacramento Air Depot for winterization, and at the end of the month when the 11th was officially located at Elmendorf, none of its planes had left McClellan Field. Bad weather delayed necessary test flights and caused the loss of some of the squadron's Warhawks. The first plane finally left California on 1 January 1942. The lack of adequate landing fields en route, poor communications, and pilot inexperience further delayed the squadron's movement. By 25 January only 13 of the 11th's twenty-five P-40s were at Elmendorf in flyable condition and six others had been lost during the movement.
After the Japanese invasion of the Aleutians in June 1942, the squadron was engaged in combat operations 1942-1943, equipped with Warhawks and long-range Lockheed P-38 Lightnings for offensive operations against Japanese fortifications on Attu and Kiska; took part in the liberation of Attu, 1943. It remained in the Aleutian for the balance of the war, inactivating on Shemya in August 1946, when its personnel and equipment were transferred to the 64th Fighter Squadron.
Air Defense Command
It was reactivated in December 1952 as part of Air Defense Command, replacing the federalized 179th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron of the Minnesota Air National Guard 179th FIS flying F-51D Mustangs. In the fall of 1953 the unit transitioned into jet F-89D Scorpions and later the F-102 Delta Dagger. In June 1960 the 11th FIS transitioned into F-106 Delta Darts which it flew until September 1968 when it was inactivated. On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the squadron dispersed one third of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Volk Field at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis. These planes returned to Duluth after the crisis.
Upon inactivation, the squadron's mission personnel, and F-106s were transferred to the 87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Duluth IAP.
- Constituted as the 11th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
- Activated on 15 January 1941
- Redesignated 11th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
- Inactivated on 15 August 1946
- Redesignated 11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 10 October 1952
- Activated on 1 December 1952
- Inactivated on 30 June 1968
- Redesignated 11th Tactical Air Support Squadron
- Activated c. 16 July 1991
- Inactivated c. 20 August 1993
- 50th Pursuit Group, 15 January 1941
- Western Theater of Operations, 30 December 1941
- Attached to Provisional Interceptor Command, Alaska, 2 January 1942
- 28th Composite Group, 2 February 1942
- XI Fighter Command, 7 June 1942
- 343d Fighter Group, 11 September 1942 – 15 August 1946
- 31st Air Division, 1 December 1952
- 515th Air Defense Group, 16 February 1953
- 343d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955 – 30 June 1968
- 11th Air Control Wing, c. 16 July 1991 - c. 20 August 1993
- Selfridge Field, Michigan, 15 January 1941
- Key Field, Mississippi, 3 October – 19 December 1941
- Elmendorf Field, Alaska, 29 December 1941
- Detachment at Fort Randall Army Air Field, Alaska, 25 May-c. 1 September 1942
- Detachment at Fort Glenn Army Air Base, Alaska, 26 May–June 1942
- Fort Glenn Army Air Base, Alaska, June 1942
- Adak Army Air Base, Alaska, c. 20 February 1943
- Detachment at: Amchitka Army Air Field, Alaska, 27 March-c. 17 May 1943, and C. 23 March 1944 – 20 July 1945
- Shemya Army Air Field, Alaska, 11 August 1945 – 15 August 1946
- Duluth International Airport, 1 December 1952 – 30 June 1968
- Eielson Air Force Base Alaska, c. 16 July 1991 - c. 20 August 1993
- Seversky P-35 Guardsman, 1941
- Curtiss P-36 Hawk, 1941–1942
- Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, 1941–1945
- Lockheed P-38 Lightning, 1943–1946
- North American F-51D Mustang, 1952–1953
- North American F-86D Sabre, 1953–1955
- Northrop F-89 Scorpion, 1955-1956
- Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, 1956–1960
- Convair F-106 Delta Dart, 1960–1968
- Watkins, p. 34
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons pp. 61–62
- Robertson, Patsy (20 November 2008). "Factsheet 50 Operations Group (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 56-57
- "Abstract, History 50 Fighter Group 15 Jan 1941-8 Mar 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- Goss, pp. 303-304
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 244
- McMullen, pp. 10-12
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, p. 16
- Lineage, including assignments, stations and aircraft prior to 1957 in Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 61-62
- Cornett, Lloyd H.; Johnson, Mildred W. (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Goss, William A. (1948). "Tactical Demands, Chapter 8 Air Defense of the Western Hemisphere". In Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. I, Plans and Early Operations. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000)
- Watkins, Robert A. (2013). Insignia and Aircraft Markings of the U.S. Army Air Force In World War II. Volume V, Pacific Theater of Operations. Atglen,PA: Shiffer Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7643-4346-9.
- NORAD/CONAD Participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis, Historical Reference Paper No. 8, Directorate of Command History Continental Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1 Feb 63 (Top Secret NOFORN declassified 9 March 1996)
- Goolsby, Denise (10 November 2009). "Even a crash landing couldn't deter his spirit". The Desert Sun. Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Profile of 11th Fighter Squadron P-38 pilot)
- "United States Air Force". Aero Web: Aviation History. Archived from the original on 23 June 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2015. (Chronology includes 1957 Bendix Trophy information)
- "Capt. Kenneth Chandler, Bendix Trophy Winner, O'Hare Field to Andrews AFB, 1957". Jet Pilot Overseas. Retrieved 15 August 2015. (1957 Bendix Race information)
- "Ejections and Losses, Minnesota Air National Guard". 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Includes losses by the 343d while at Duluth IAP)
- "P-40K Warhawk Aleutian Tiger". Dakota Territory Air Museum. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Information on museum P-40 in markings of the 11th Fighter Squadron)
- Thistle, Rich. "Victory Over Kiska The Aleutian Campaign WW2". Rich Thistle Art Studio. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Artwork "Victory Over Kiska" P-40 victory with accompanying article)
- Kim, Artur (19 July 2015). "1942 Tigers in the Valley". Pinturas Aviación II Guerra Mundial. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Artwork "Tigers in the Valley" by Jack Fellows, 11th Fighter Squadron P-40s with accompanying description)
- "Wings Pallette Curtiss P-40". Avia Camouflage Profiles. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Several profiles of 11th Fighter Squadron P-40s and information on group commander, John S. Chennault, son of Claire Chennault)
- "Tiger and Ice!". Classic Wings. 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2015. (Information on P-40 restored in markings of 11th Fighter Squadron commander)