11th Infantry Brigade (United States)
|11th Infantry Brigade|
11th Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army|
|Engagements||World War I|
|Distinctive unit insignia|
The 11th Infantry Brigade (Light) is an inactive infantry brigade of the United States Army. It was first formed as part of the United States Army's 6th Division during World War I. It is best known for its service with the 23rd Infantry Division from 1967 through 1971 in the Vietnam War. The brigade is known for its responsibility in the My Lai Massacre.
World War I
Activated: November 1917
- 51st Infantry Regiment
- 52nd Infantry Regiment
- 16th Machine-Gun Battalion
- 11th Field Artillery Battalion
The Brigade began its overseas service in June 1918 and spent 43 days in combat in France. It was commanded by Brig. general William Dashiell. The brigade returned to the U.S. in June 1919 and was inactivated on 30 September 1921 at Camp Grant, Illinois.
Brigade Headquarters was inactive during World War II, after the US Army reorganized its divisions from two brigades of two regiments (the Square Division) into one of three regiments with no brigades (the Triangular Division) concept.
The brigade was organized as a separate infantry brigade at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii as the first element of the 6th Infantry Division. The 6th Infantry Division was scheduled to be activated for deployment to Vietnam but Secretary of Defense McNamara cancelled its activation. The 11th Infantry Brigade was deployed, and during the Vietnam War served in the United States Army's 23rd Infantry Division (called the Americal Division). Elements of the brigade were responsible for the My Lai massacre where members of the brigade's 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment murdered between 340 and 500 civilians in 1968. Many of its former servicemen were interviewed in the documentary Four Hours in My Lai.
In June 1971, then Brigadier General John W Donaldson, former commander of the Brigade would be accused and later acquitted of killing 6 Vietnamese civilians on operations between November 1968 and January 1969. Correction: He was not acquitted, the charges were dropped due to lack of evidence.
Order of battle:
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company
- 3rd Battalion, 1st Infantry
- 4th Battalion, 3rd Infantry
- 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry
- 4th Battalion, 21st Infantry
- 6th Battalion, 11th Artillery
- 6th Support Battalion
- 6th Engineer Company
- 52nd Military Intelligence Detachment
- Troop E, 1st Cavalry
- Summers, Harry G. Historical Atlas of the Vietnam War. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Stanton, Shelby L. Vietnam Order of Battle, A Complete Illustrated Reference to U.S. Army Combat and Support Forces in Vietnam 1961-1973. Stackpole Books, 1981.
- "The Brigade: A History, Its Organization and Employment in the US Army"
- 11th Light infantry Brigade website