1200s (decade)

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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Events[edit]

1200

1201

1202


By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Culture[edit]
Religion[edit]


1203


By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]
  • The first evidence is revealed, that the Temple in London is extending loans to the king of England. The sums remain relatively small, but are often used for critical operations, such as the ransoming of the king’s soldiers captured by the French.[5]
Religion[edit]


1204

Conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders


1205

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]
  • The general Muhammad al-Inti b. Abi Hafs establishes the Almohad domination over the eastern parts of Ifriqiya, and enters Tripoli.[4]
Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


1206


By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]
  • Sugar, an import from the Muslim world, is mentioned for the first time in a royal English account. Almonds, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg are also imported for royal banquets.[8]
Education[edit]
Religion[edit]
Technics[edit]
  • The Arab engineer al-Jazari describes many mechanical inventions in his book (title translated to English) The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.


1207

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
  • Before 1207 – Kosho writes Kuya Preaching, during the Kamakura period (it is now kept at Rokuhara Mitsu-ji, Kyoto).
  • Hōnen and his followers are exiled to remote parts of Japan, while a few are executed, for what the government considers heretical Buddhist teachings.
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]
  • The first evidence is discovered of forced loans in Venice. This technique becomes the staple of public finance in Europe, until the 16th century.[11]
Religion[edit]


1208

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
  • April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for 4 days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles, killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people, who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people, in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses, on the nearby West Lake.
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]


1209

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Education[edit]
Markets[edit]
  • Philippe Auguste of France grants a "conduit" to merchants going to the Champagne fairs, guaranteeing the safety of their travel, as any attempt made against them is now to be considered as a crime of lese-majesty. The decision increases again the appeal of the fairs, to merchants from Italy and the Low Countries.[14]
  • The banking firm known as the Gran Tavola is formed; most of the partners are members of the Bonsignori Family. [15]
Religion[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. p. 64. 
  2. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 122–31. 
  3. ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 77–78. 
  4. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  5. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1). 
  6. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 111
  7. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 130
  8. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 139
  9. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562. 
  10. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 11
  11. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 15 (3): 506–562. 
  12. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 171
  13. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 141
  14. ^ Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutions. Paris: Éditions de la Librairie encyclopedique. 1953. 
  15. ^ Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved 20 December 2011.