|1201 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1201 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1954|
|Balinese saka calendar||1122–1123|
|English Regnal year||2 Joh. 1 – 3 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||庚申年 (Metal Monkey)|
3897 or 3837
— to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3898 or 3838
|- Vikram Samvat||1257–1258|
|- Shaka Samvat||1122–1123|
|- Kali Yuga||4301–4302|
|Japanese calendar||Shōji 3 / Kennin 1|
|Minguo calendar||711 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1743–1744|
1327 or 946 or 174
— to —
1328 or 947 or 175
Year 1201 (MCCI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- July 31 – John Komnenos the Fat, a Byzantine aristocrat, attempts to usurp the imperial throne; he is proclaimed emperor and crowned by Patriarch John X Kamateros, at Constantinople. Meanwhile, Emperor Alexios III Angelos, who resides in the Palace of Blachernae, dispatches a small force under Alexios Palaiologos, Alexios' son-in-law, who is regarded as his heir-apparent. With support of the Varangian Guard, John is overthrown and decapitated by the end of the day. His head is displayed at the Forum of Constantine, while John's supporters are captured and tortured to extract the names of all the conspirators.
- Autumn – Prince Alexios Angelos, son of the deposed, blinded and imprisoned late Emperor Isaac II Angelos, escapes from Constantinople. He makes his way to Sicily and then Rome where he is turned away by Pope Innocent III. Next, Alexios travels to the court of his brother-in-law, Philip of Swabia, the King of Germany, who receives him well.
- Spring – A treaty is signed between the Crusade leaders and Venice. Doge Enrico Dandolo agrees to manufacture a fleet capable of transporting the Crusader army to the Levant, and to provide provisions for 33,500 men and 4,500 horses, for the price of 85,000 silver marks while Venice will also take half of whatever the expedition conquers. As part of this deal the Venetians will provide – at their own expense – sufficient ships to carry the Crusader forces, plus 50 galleys to defend it.
- May 24 – Count Theobald III of Champagne suddenly dies and is replaced by Boniface I, marquis of Montferrat, as leader of the Fourth Crusade. He travels to France, where he meets his chief colleagues at Soissons.
- Battle of Stellau: Count Adolf III of Holstein is defeated by the Danish army under King Canute VI. Adolf retreats with his forces to Hamburg, where he is besieged and later captured by Duke Valdemar of Schleswig.
- Northern Crusades: The town of Riga is chartered as a city by Albert of Buxhoeveden, bishop of Livonia, who has landed on the site with some 1,500 Crusaders earlier in the year.
- King John (Lackland) puts an embargo on wheat exported to Flanders, in an attempt to force an allegiance between the states. He also puts a levy of a fifteenth on the value of cargo exported to France and disallows the export of wool to France without a special license. The levies are enforced in each port by at least six men – including one churchman and one knight. John affirms that judgments made by the court of Westminster are as valid as those made "before the king himself or his chief justice".
- Pope Innocent III recognizes Otto IV as the only legitimate ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, against his rival King, Philip of Swabia. In return, Otto promises to support the pope's interests in Italy.
- March 25 – Constance, duchess of Brittany, founds Villeneuve Abbey and gives the new abbey a charter.
- February 18 – Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian scientist and writer (d. 1274)
- May 30 – Theobald I (the Troubadour), French nobleman (d. 1253)
- August 9 – Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler and writer (d. 1274)
- October 9 – Robert de Sorbon, French monk and theologian (d. 1274)
- October 10 – Richard de Fournival, French philosopher (d. 1260)
- Agnes of the Palatinate, duchess of Bavaria (House of Guelf) (d. 1267)
- Danylo Romanovych, ruler (knyaz) of Galicia–Volhynia (d. 1264)
- Diana degli Andalò (or d'Andalo), Italian nun and saint (d. 1236)
- Eison, Japanese Buddhist scholar-monk and disciple (d. 1290)
- Thomas of Cantimpré, Flemish priest and preacher (d. 1272)
- Uriyangkhadai, Mongol general and son of Subutai (d. 1272)
- March 1 – Shikishi, Japanese princess, poet and writer (b. 1149)
- March 21 – Absalon, Danish archbishop and statesman (b. 1128)
- March 22 – Jarosław of Opole, Polish duke and bishop (b. 1145)
- April – Bohemond III (the Stammerer), prince of Antioch (b. 1148)
- April 7 – Baha al-Din Qaraqush, Egyptian regent and architect
- May 24 – Theobald III, French nobleman and knight (b. 1179)
- June 16 – Ibn al-Jawzi, Arab historian and philologist (b. 1116)
- June 20 – Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani, Persian historian (b. 1125)
- July – Agnes of Merania, queen consort of King Philip II of France (Augustus)
- July 25 – Gruffydd ap Rhys II, Welsh prince of Deheubarth
- July 31 – John Komnenos (the Fat), Byzantine nobleman
- August 20 – Gardolf of Hertbeke, bishop of Halberstadt
- September 5 – Constance, duchess of Brittany (b. 1161)
- December 7 or 8 – Bolesław I (the Tall), Duke of Wroclaw, Polish nobleman and knight (b. 1127)
- December 27 – Banafsha bint Abdullah al-Rumiyyah, spouse of Abbasīd caliph al-Mustadi
- unknown dates
- Fulk of Neuilly (or Foulques), French priest and preacher
- Guglielmo Grasso, Genoese merchant, pirate and admiral
- Margaret of Huntingdon, Duchess of Brittany, Scottish princess (b. 1145)
- Walchelin de Ferriers (or Walkelin), Norman nobleman
- ^ Angold, Michael (2005). "Byzantine politics vis-à-vis the Fourth Crusade", in Laiou, Angeliki E. (ed.), Urbs capta: the Fourth Crusade and its consequences, Paris: Lethielleux, pp. 55–68. ISBN 2-283-60464-8.
- ^ Brand, Charles M. (1968). Byzantium confronts the West, 1180–1204, pp. 123–124. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
- ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Campaign - Nr. 237. The Fourth Crusade 1202–04. The betrayal of Byzantium, p. 43. ISBN 978-1-84908-319-5.
- ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Campaign - Nr. 237. The Fourth Crusade 1202–04. The betrayal of Byzantium, p. 42. ISBN 978-1-84908-319-5.
- ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 94. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
- ^ Warren, W. L. (1961). King John. University of California Press. pp. 122–31.
- ^ Burgtorf, Jochen (2016). "The Antiochene war of succession". In Boas, Adrian J. (ed.). The Crusader World. The University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 196–211. ISBN 978-0-415-82494-1.
- ^ De Slane, Mac Guckin (1843). Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, Translated from The Arabic. Volume II. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. p. 251.
- ^ public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Agnes of Meran". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 378. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- ^ Basso, Enrico (2002). "Grasso, Guglielmo". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 58: Gonzales–Graziani (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. ISBN 978-8-81200032-6.