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|1208 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1208 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1961|
|Balinese saka calendar||1129–1130|
|English Regnal year||9 Joh. 1 – 10 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)|
3904 or 3844
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
3905 or 3845
|- Vikram Samvat||1264–1265|
|- Shaka Samvat||1129–1130|
|- Kali Yuga||4308–4309|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgen (Kamakura period) 2|
|Minguo calendar||704 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1750–1751|
1334 or 953 or 181
— to —
1335 or 954 or 182
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1208.|
- April 15 – A fire breaks out in the Song Chinese capital city of Hangzhou, raging for four days and nights, destroying 58,097 houses over an area of more than 3 miles (4.8 km), killing 59 people, and an unrecorded number of other people, who are trampled while attempting to flee. The government provides temporary lodging for 5,345 people, in nearby Buddhist and Taoist monasteries. The collective victims of the disaster are given 160,000 strings of cash, along with 400 tons of rice. Some of the government officials who lost their homes take up residence in rented boathouses, on the nearby West Lake.
- January 15 – The murder of Pierre de Castelnau by a vassal of Raymond VI of Toulouse takes place; Raymond is held responsible and excommunicated by Pope Innocent III, leading to the Albigensian Crusade.
- January 31 – Battle of Lena: Inferior Swedish forces defeat the invading Danes, and King Sverker the Younger is deposed as king of Sweden. He is succeeded by his rival Erik Knutsson.
- March 24 – Pope Innocent III places England under an interdict, as punishment for King John of England rejecting his choice for Archbishop of Canterbury. Under the interdict, Church sacraments including marriage and consecrated burial are probably stopped, but there is no sign of the popular discontent which interdicts are intended to produce over the next several years.
- June 21 – Philip of Swabia, King of Germany and rival to Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV, is assassinated in Bamberg by German Count Otto of Wittelsbach, because Philip had refused to give him his daughter in marriage.
- Livonian Crusade: With the help of the newly converted local tribes of Livs and Letts, the crusader Livonian Brothers of the Sword initiate raids into Ugandi County in southern Estonia. The resulting Estonian ancient fight for independence lasts until 1227.
Arts and culture
- Robert of Courçon writes his Summa.
- February 2 – King James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
- Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (d. 1275)
- date unknown – Margrete Skulesdatter, queen consort of Norway (d. 1270)
- probable – Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (d. 1265)
- January 14 – Pierre de Castelnau, French priest (assassinated)
- April 22 – Philip of Poitou, Prince-Bishop of Durham
- June 21 – Philip of Swabia, King of Germany
- November 9 – Sancha of Castile, Queen of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
- December 29 – Emperor Zhangzong of Jin, (b. 1168)
- Amhaoibh O'Rothlain, Chief of Calruidhe Cuile Cearnadha
- Sumption, Jonathan (1978). The Albigensian Crusade. London, England: Faber. ISBN 0-571-11064-9.
- King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 171
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pierre de Castelnau". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.