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This article is about the year 1209.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 12th century13th century14th century
Decades: 1170s  1180s  1190s  – 1200s –  1210s  1220s  1230s
Years: 1206 1207 120812091210 1211 1212
1209 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Art and literature
1209 in poetry
1209 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1209
Ab urbe condita 1962
Armenian calendar 658
Assyrian calendar 5959
Bengali calendar 616
Berber calendar 2159
English Regnal year 10 Joh. 1 – 11 Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar 1753
Burmese calendar 571
Byzantine calendar 6717–6718
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
3905 or 3845
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3906 or 3846
Coptic calendar 925–926
Discordian calendar 2375
Ethiopian calendar 1201–1202
Hebrew calendar 4969–4970
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1265–1266
 - Shaka Samvat 1131–1132
 - Kali Yuga 4310–4311
Holocene calendar 11209
Igbo calendar 209–210
Iranian calendar 587–588
Islamic calendar 605–606
Japanese calendar Jōgen (Kamakura period) 3
Julian calendar 1209
Korean calendar 3542
Minguo calendar 703 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 1751–1752

Year 1209 (MCCIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By area[edit]



  • The Albigensian Crusade is launched against the Cathars.
  • June – Treaty of Sapienza: the Republic of Venice recognizes the possession of the Peloponnese by the Prince of Achaea, Geoffrey I of Villehardouin, and keeps only the fortresses of Modon and Coron.
  • November – John of England is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. Despite the excommunication, John will continue to make amends to the Church, including giving alms to the poor whenever he defiles a holy day by hunting during it. This year, he feeds a hundred paupers to make up for when he "went into the woods on the feast of St. Mary Magdalen" and three years from now, he will feast 450 paupers "because the king went to take cranes, and he took nine, for each of which he feasted fifty paupers."[1]
  • London Bridge is completed.
  • Black Monday, Dublin: A group of 500 recently arrived settlers from Bristol are massacred by warriors of the Gaelic O'Byrne clan. The group leaves the safety of the walled city of Dublin to celebrate Easter Monday near a wood at Ranelagh and are attacked without warning. Although in modern times a relatively obscure event in history, it is commemorated by a mustering of the Mayor, Sheriffs and soldiers on the day as a challenge to the native tribes for centuries afterwards.

By topic[edit]



  • Philippe Auguste of France grants a "conduit" to merchants going to the Champagne fairs guaranteeing the safety of their travel as any attempt made against them is now to be considered as a crime of lese-majesty. The decision increases again the appeal of the fairs to merchants from Italy and the Low Countries.[2]
  • Formation of the banking firm known as the Gran Tavola, most of the partners are members of the Bonsignori family. [3]





  1. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 141
  2. ^ Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutions. Paris: Éditions de la Librairie encyclopedique. 1953. 
  3. ^ Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved 20 December 2011.