|Cardinal||one hundred twenty|
(one hundred twentieth)
|Factorization||23 × 3 × 5|
|Divisors||1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30, 40, 60, 120|
In the Germanic languages, the number 120 was also formerly known as "one hundred". This "hundred" of six score is now obsolete, but is described as the long hundred or great hundred in historical contexts.
- the factorial of 5 i.e. 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1
- the fifteenth triangular number, as well as the sum of the first eight triangular numbers, making it also a tetrahedral number. 120 is the smallest number to appear six times in Pascal's triangle (as all triangular and tetragonal numbers appear in it). Because 15 is also triangular, 120 is a doubly triangular number. 120 is divisible by the first 5 triangular numbers and the first 4 tetrahedral numbers. It is the eighth hexagonal number.
- highly composite, superior highly composite, superabundant, and colossally abundant number, with its 16 divisors being more than any number lower than it has, and it is also the smallest number to have exactly that many divisors. It is also a sparsely totient number. 120 is also the smallest highly composite number as well as the first multiple of 6 with no adjacent prime number, being adjacent to 119 = 7 × 17 and 121 = 112.
- 120 is the first multiply perfect number of order three (a 3-perfect or triperfect number). The sum of its factors (including one and itself) sum to 360; exactly three times 120. Note that perfect numbers are order two (2-perfect) by the same definition.
- 120 is the sum of a twin prime pair (59 + 61) and the sum of four consecutive prime numbers (23 + 29 + 31 + 37), four consecutive powers of 2 (8 + 16 + 32 + 64), and four consecutive powers of 3 (3 + 9 + 27 + 81).
- 120 is divisible by the number of primes below it, 30 in this case. However, there is no integer which has 120 as the sum of its proper divisors, making 120 an untouchable number.
- The sum of Euler's totient function φ(x) over the first nineteen integers is 120.
- As it is a factorial and one less than a square, it, with 11, is one of the few Brown number pairs.
- 120 appears in Pierre de Fermat's modified Diophantine problem as the largest known integer of the sequence 1, 3, 8, 120. Fermat wanted to find another positive integer that, when multiplied by any of the other numbers in the sequence, yields a number that is one less than a square. Leonhard Euler also searched for this number, but failed to find it, but did find a fractional number that meets the other conditions, 777480/28792.
- The internal angles of a regular hexagon (one where all sides and all angles are equal) are all 120 degrees.
In electrical engineering, each line of the three-phase system are 120 degrees apart from each other.
- The cubits of the height of the Temple building (II Chronicles 3:4)
- The age at which Moses died (Deut. 34:7).
- By extension, in Jewish tradition, to wish someone a long life, one says, "Live until 120"
- The number of Men of the Great Assembly who canonized the Books of the Tanakh and formulated the Jewish prayers
- The number of talents of gold that the Queen of Sheba gave to Solomon in tribute (I Kings 10:10)
- The number of princes King Darius set over his kingdom (Daniel 6:2)
- The summed weight in shekels of the gold spoons offered by each tribal prince of Israel (Num. 7:86).
- In astrology, when two planets in a person's chart are 120 degrees apart from each other, this is called a trine. This is supposed to bring good luck in the person's life.
In other fields
120 is also:
- The medical telephone number in China
- In Austria, the telephone number to report a car breakdown on the highway.
- In the US Army, a common diameter for a mortar in mm (M120).
- TT scale, a scale for model trains, is 1:120.
- 120 film is a medium format film developed by Kodak.
- 120 (film), a 2008 Turkish film
- The Israeli national legislature, the Knesset, has 120 seats.
- China Airlines Flight 120
- Gordon, E V (1957). Introduction to Old Norse. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 292–293. Archived from the original on 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2022-09-04.
- "Sloane's A002182 : Highly composite numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Sloane's A004394 : Superabundant numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Sloane's A004490 : Colossally abundant numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Sloane's A036913 : Sparsely totient numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Sloane's A005820 : 3-perfect numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Astrology And The Black Man". Afro American. January 31, 1970. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- The Game Court, National Basketball Association, retrieved 2014-04-07.
- Porter, Darwin; Danforth Prince (2009). Frommer's Austria. Hoboken, New Jersey: Frommer's. p. 482. ISBN 978-0-470-39897-5.
- Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 135