120 mm Schneider-Canet M1897 long gun
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|Schneider-Canet 120mm long gun M. 1897|
|Place of origin||France|
|Used by||Kingdom of Serbia|
World War I
|Weight||3450 kg ( on march ), 3080 kg ( in action )|
|Elevation||+ 28° / - 12°|
|Muzzle velocity||575 m/s|
|Effective firing range||HE 8400 m, 6000 shrapnel|
|Maximum firing range||8400 m|
120 mm Schneider-Canet M1897 long gun was a heavy artillery piece manufactured by the French company Schneider-Creusot. It was a slow firing gun without a recoil mechanism but with significant range and weight of the shell.
Serbia ordered 17 pieces in 1897. However, only 16 were delivered in 1902. Serbia entered the First Balkan War with 15 pieces (6 batteries), since one gun was destroyed during the exercises before the war. It was used in the First and Second Balkan Wars and in the first phase of the First World War (1914-1915). Most of the surviving pieces were abandoned and destroyed before the Serbian retreat to Albania.
Bulgaria also ordered this type in 1897, and received 24 pieces and used them in the Balkan and First World Wars. Serbian type (L/26) and Bulgarian (L/28) were slightly different in respect of the breech lock while in other aspects they were identical.
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