120 mm Krupp howitzer M1905

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120 mm Krupp howitzer M1905
120 mm Krupp M1905.jpg
Type Howitzer
Place of origin German Empire
Service history
Used by Turkey
Wars Russo-Japanese War, World War I
Production history
Designer Krupp
Designed 1905
Manufacturer Krupp
Weight 1,125 kg (2,480 lb)
Barrel length 1.445 m (4 ft 9 in) L/12

Shell 20 kg (44 lb)
Caliber 120 mm (4.72 in)
Carriage box trail
Elevation 0° to +42°
Muzzle velocity 275 m/s (900 ft/s)
Maximum firing range 5,800 m (6,300 yd)

The 120 mm Krupp howitzer M1905 was a howitzer used by Turkey, Japan and a few smaller armies including during World War I. After Turkey's entrance into World War I in 1914 on the side of the Central Powers, it realized that it needed to modernize its artillery. The Model 1905 was a "stock gun" from Krupp that could be supplied to customers from parts on hand, on short notice and with minor alterations to suit the customers' needs. The Model 1905 was a conventional artillery piece for its time, except for a lack of a gun shield for the crew. The lack of a gun shield was not a major liability, as most artillery quickly moved into concealed positions after the first few months of war.