|1210 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1210 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1963|
|Balinese saka calendar||1131–1132|
|English Regnal year||11 Joh. 1 – 12 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)|
3906 or 3846
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3907 or 3847
|- Vikram Samvat||1266–1267|
|- Shaka Samvat||1131–1132|
|- Kali Yuga||4310–4311|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgen 4|
|Minguo calendar||702 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1752–1753|
1336 or 955 or 183
— to —
1337 or 956 or 184
Year 1210 (MCCX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- May – The Second Parliament of Ravennika, convened by Emperor Henry of Flanders, is held in the town of Ravennika in (modern Greece), in order to resolve the differences between the princes of Frankish Greece, and the Roman Catholic clergy of their domains. The assembled nobles and prelates conclude a concordat, which recognizes the independence and immunity of all Church property in Frankish Greece from any feudal duties.
- July 18 – Battle of Gestilren: King Sverker II (the Younger) is defeated and killed, by the reigning King Eric X (Knutsson). After the battle, Eric takes the Swedish throne and marries Princess Richeza of Denmark, daughter of the late King Valdemar I (the Great). This to improve the relations with Denmark, which has traditionally supported the House of Sverker.
- November 18 – Emperor Otto IV is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III after he occupies Apulia in southern Italy. He annuls the Concordat of Worms and demands from Innocent to recognize the imperial crown's right. A German civil war breaks out and Otto prepares an invasion against Frederick II, king of Sicily.
- November 21 – Eric X is crowned – which is the first known coronation of a Swedish king. He strengthens his relationship with his brother-in-law, King Valdemar II (the Conqueror). Shortly after, Valdemar conquers Danzig (modern-day Gdańsk) on the Baltic coast, and Eastern Pomerania from the Slavonic Wends.
- Battle of Ümera: Estonian forces defeat the Crusaders of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. The Estonians pursue the fleeing Crusaders and according to the Livonian Chronicle – some of the prisoners are burned alive – while others have crosses carved on their backs with swords, before being executed as well.
- The Papal Interdict of 1208 remains in force.
- King John extends his taxes and raises £100,000 from church property as an extraordinary fiscal levy; the operation is described as an “inestimable and incomparable exaction” by contemporary sources.
- November 1 – John orders that Jews across the country have to pay a tallage, a sum of money to the king. Those who do not pay are arrested and imprisoned. Many Jews are executed or leave the country.
- September 14 – The 18-year-old Maria of Montferrat marries the French nobleman John of Brienne, who brings a dowry of 40,000 silver pounds (from King Philip II and Pope Innocent III). On October 3, the couple is crowned as King and Queen of Jerusalem in the Cathedral of Tyre (modern Lebanon).
- Jochi, Mongol leader and eldest son of Genghis Khan, begins a campaign against the Kyrgyz. Meanwhile, Emperor Xiang Zong of Western Xia agrees to submit to Mongol rule, he gives his daughter, Chaka, in marriage to Genghis and pays him a tribute of camels, falcons, and textiles.
- December 12 – Emperor Tsuchimikado abdicates the throne in favor of his younger brother, Juntoku, after a 12-year reign. He is the second son of the former Emperor Go-Toba and becomes the 84th emperor of Japan.
Art and Culture
- 1210–1211 – Shazi creates the Pen Box, from Persia (Iran) or Afghanistan (it is now kept at Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.).
- Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan (approximate date).
- September 24 – Venus occults Jupiter (the last such occurrence until 1570).
- Pope Innocent III allows the formation of the mendicant order of Francis of Assisi, to begin the Order of Friars Minor.
- The church of St Helen's Bishopsgate in the City of London is founded, as a priory of Benedictine nuns.
- May 5 – Afonso III (the Boulonnais), king of Portugal (d. 1279)
- June 24 – Floris IV, Dutch nobleman and knight (d. 1234)
- July 22 – Joan of England, queen of Scotland (d. 1238)
- unknown date – Alice of Montferrat, queen consort of Cyprus (d. 1233)
- March 29 – Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Persian polymath (b. 1150)
- May 6 – Conrad II, German nobleman and knight (b. 1159)
- May 13 – Noriko (or Hanshi), Japanese empress (b. 1177)
- July 17 – Sverker II (the Younger), king of Sweden
- October 16 – Matilda of Boulogne, duchess of Brabant
- November 14 – Qutb al-Din Aibak, Indian ruler (b. 1150)
- November 30 – Florence of Holland, Scottish bishop
- December 14 – Soffredo, Italian cardinal and patriarch
- Aonghus mac Somhairle, Norse-Gaelic chieftain
- Gottfried von Strassburg, German poet and writer
- Halldóra Eyjólfsdóttir, Icelandic nun and abbess
- Jean Bodel, French poet and writer (b. 1165)
- Jinul (or Chinul), Korean Zen Master (b. 1158)
- Majd al-Din ibn Athir, Zangid historian (b. 1149)
- Maud de Braose, English noblewoman (b. 1155)
- Muhammad II, ruler of the Alamut state (b. 1148)
- Praepositinus, Italian philosopher and theologian
- Risteárd de Tiúit, Norman warrior and nobleman
- Robert of Braybrooke, English landowner (b. 1168)
- William FitzAlan, Norman nobleman and knight
- ^ Miller, William (1908). The Latins in the Levant: A History of Frankish Greece (1204–1566), p. 75. London: John Murray. OCLC 563022439.
- ^ Dunham, S. A. (1835). A History of the Germanic Empire, Vol I, p. 196.
- ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 133. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- ^ Subrena, Jean-Jacques (2004). Estonia: Identity and Independence, p. 301. ISBN 90-420-0890-3.
- ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1): 1–17. doi:10.2307/1832571. JSTOR 1832571.
- ^ Carpenter, David (2004). The Struggle for Mastery: The Penguin History of Britain (1066–1284), p. 272. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-014824-4.
- ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 113. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
- ^ Man, John (2004). Genghis Khan: Life, Death, and Resurrection, p. 162. New York City: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.
- ^ Elizabeth Ewan, ed. (2006). The biographical dictionary of Scottish women : from the earliest times to 2004 (Reprinted ed.). Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univ. Press. p. 400. ISBN 0-7486-1713-2.