From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1210.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1180s 1190s 1200s – 1210s – 1220s 1230s 1240s|
|Years:||1207 1208 1209 – 1210 – 1211 1212 1213|
|1210 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1210 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1963|
|English Regnal year||11 Joh. 1 – 12 Joh. 1|
|Chinese calendar||己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3906 or 3846
— to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3907 or 3847
|- Vikram Samvat||1266–1267|
|- Shaka Samvat||1132–1133|
|- Kali Yuga||4311–4312|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgen (Kamakura period) 4
|Minguo calendar||702 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1752–1753|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1210.|
- Emperor Juntoku succeeds Emperor Tsuchimikado on the throne of Japan.
- Jochi, eldest son of Genghis Khan, leads a Mongol campaign against the Kyrgyz.
- The Delhi Sultanate begins.
- July 18 – Former king Sverker II of Sweden is defeated and killed by the current king Erik X in the Battle of Gestilren.
- November 18 – Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor is excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in defiance of the Concordat of Worms.
- November 21 – King Eric X of Sweden is coronated, which is the first known coronation of a Swedish king. Shortly thereafter, he marries the Danish princess Richeza, in order to strengthen his relationship to the Danish king Valdemar the Conqueror. Valdemar used to support king Sverker II, but through the marriage, Valdemar makes peace with his former enemy, Eric.
- King John I of England raises £100,000 from church property as an extraordinary fiscal levy; the operation is described as an “inestimable and incomparable exaction” by contemporary sources.
- Livonian Crusade: Estonian forces defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Ümera.
- The citadel of the Acrocorinth surrenders to the Crusaders after a five-year siege.
Arts and culture
- Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan (approximate date).
- 1210–1211 – Shazi makes Pen box, from Persia (Iran) or Afghanistan. It is now kept at Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C..
- Pope Innocent III gives oral permission to Francis of Assisi to begin the Order of Friars Minor.
- The church of St Helen's Bishopsgate in the City of London is founded as a priory of Benedictine nuns.
- May 5 – King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)
- June 24 – Count Floris IV of Holland (d. 1234)
- July 22 – Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
- Ibn Nafis, Persian anatomist (d. 1288)
- Lu You, Chinese poet (b. 1125)
- Jinul, Korean Buddhist philosopher
- July 17 – Sverker the Younger, king of Sweden 1196–1208 (b. in the 1160s) (in the Battle of Gestilren)
- Qutb-ud-din Aibak, first Muslim ruler of Delhi
- Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review 8 (1).